Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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All (212)

All (212) (0 to 10 of 212 results)

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202100900001
    Description:

    In light of increasing Canadian immigration levels, an updated analysis of hospitalization patterns among immigrants to Canada, relative to the Canadian-born population, is needed to inform health care system policy and planning. Using immigrant landing administrative data linked to health care data, this descriptive study aims to examine hospitalization rates and leading causes of hospitalization, including mental health in immigrants and the Canadian-born population, stratified by sex and selected immigration characteristics.

    Release date: 2021-09-15

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100029
    Description:

    This study examines businesses' demand for personal protective equipment, and concerns about lack of supply, using new data for May 2021 from the Personal Protective Equipment Survey.

    Release date: 2021-07-16

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100100001
    Description:

    In a previous paper, we developed a model to make inference about small area proportions under selection bias in which the binary responses and the selection probabilities are correlated. This is the homogeneous nonignorable selection model; nonignorable selection means that the selection probabilities and the binary responses are correlated. The homogeneous nonignorable selection model was shown to perform better than a baseline ignorable selection model. However, one limitation of the homogeneous nonignorable selection model is that the distributions of the selection probabilities are assumed to be identical across areas. Therefore, we introduce a more general model, the heterogeneous nonignorable selection model, in which the selection probabilities are not identically distributed over areas. We used Markov chain Monte Carlo methods to fit the three models. We illustrate our methodology and compare our models using an example on severe activity limitation of the U.S. National Health Interview Survey. We also perform a simulation study to demonstrate that our heterogeneous nonignorable selection model is needed when there is moderate to strong selection bias.

    Release date: 2021-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100100005
    Description:

    Bayesian pooling strategies are used to solve precision problems related to statistical analyses of data from small areas. In such cases, the subpopulation samples are usually small, even though the population might not be. As an alternative, similar data can be pooled in order to reduce the number of parameters in the model. Many surveys consist of categorical data on each area, collected into a contingency table. We consider hierarchical Bayesian pooling models with a Dirichlet process prior for analyzing categorical data based on small areas. However, the prior used to pool such data frequently results in an overshrinkage problem. To mitigate for this problem, the parameters are separated into global and local effects. This study focuses on data pooling using a Dirichlet process prior. We compare the pooling models using bone mineral density (BMD) data taken from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the period 1988 to 1994 in the United States. Our analyses of the BMD data are performed using a Gibbs sampler and slice sampling to carry out the posterior computations.

    Release date: 2021-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202100600001
    Description:

    This study examines MHCs by immigrants and refugees-compared with those of Canadian-born respondents-while controlling for self-reported mental health and immigrant characteristics, using a population-based survey linked to immigrant landing information. This study, which is based on a linked database, allows for much richer insight into immigrant populations than most previous studies.

    Release date: 2021-06-16

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100017
    Description:

    This article explores differences in the distribution of deaths attributed to COVID-19 by immigration status, focusing on the deaths happening in the early days of the pandemic, from early March when the first COVID-19 death was reported to July 4th, 2020.

    Release date: 2021-06-09

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100500003
    Description:

    Canada’s senior population is becoming more diverse, ethnically and linguistically. Among individuals aged 75 and older in 2016, 34% were foreign-born and 27% had a mother tongue other than English or French, compared with 29% and 21%, respectively, in 1991. There is a pressing need for a better understanding of the living arrangements of immigrant and ethnic minority seniors in response to shifting demographics. This article provides an overview of the living arrangements of Canadians aged 75 and older across mother tongue groups. Analysis is based on the 2016 Census of Population short-form questionnaire and includes older seniors in both private and collective residences.

    Release date: 2021-05-26

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100014
    Description:

    This study examines businesses' demand for personal protective equipment, and concerns about lack of supply, using new data for February 2021 from the Personal Protective Equipment Survey.

    Release date: 2021-04-19

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021017
    Description:

    This infographic presents some highlights from the 2019 Canadian Income Survey data.

    Release date: 2021-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 18-001-X2020001
    Description:

    This paper presents the methodology used to generate the first nationwide database of proximity measures and the results obtained with a first set of ten measures. The computational methods are presented as a generalizable model due to the fact that it is now possible to apply similar methods to a multitude of other services or amenities, in a variety of alternative specifications.

    Release date: 2021-02-15
Stats in brief (15)

Stats in brief (15) (0 to 10 of 15 results)

Articles and reports (191)

Articles and reports (191) (0 to 10 of 191 results)

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202100900001
    Description:

    In light of increasing Canadian immigration levels, an updated analysis of hospitalization patterns among immigrants to Canada, relative to the Canadian-born population, is needed to inform health care system policy and planning. Using immigrant landing administrative data linked to health care data, this descriptive study aims to examine hospitalization rates and leading causes of hospitalization, including mental health in immigrants and the Canadian-born population, stratified by sex and selected immigration characteristics.

    Release date: 2021-09-15

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100100001
    Description:

    In a previous paper, we developed a model to make inference about small area proportions under selection bias in which the binary responses and the selection probabilities are correlated. This is the homogeneous nonignorable selection model; nonignorable selection means that the selection probabilities and the binary responses are correlated. The homogeneous nonignorable selection model was shown to perform better than a baseline ignorable selection model. However, one limitation of the homogeneous nonignorable selection model is that the distributions of the selection probabilities are assumed to be identical across areas. Therefore, we introduce a more general model, the heterogeneous nonignorable selection model, in which the selection probabilities are not identically distributed over areas. We used Markov chain Monte Carlo methods to fit the three models. We illustrate our methodology and compare our models using an example on severe activity limitation of the U.S. National Health Interview Survey. We also perform a simulation study to demonstrate that our heterogeneous nonignorable selection model is needed when there is moderate to strong selection bias.

    Release date: 2021-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100100005
    Description:

    Bayesian pooling strategies are used to solve precision problems related to statistical analyses of data from small areas. In such cases, the subpopulation samples are usually small, even though the population might not be. As an alternative, similar data can be pooled in order to reduce the number of parameters in the model. Many surveys consist of categorical data on each area, collected into a contingency table. We consider hierarchical Bayesian pooling models with a Dirichlet process prior for analyzing categorical data based on small areas. However, the prior used to pool such data frequently results in an overshrinkage problem. To mitigate for this problem, the parameters are separated into global and local effects. This study focuses on data pooling using a Dirichlet process prior. We compare the pooling models using bone mineral density (BMD) data taken from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the period 1988 to 1994 in the United States. Our analyses of the BMD data are performed using a Gibbs sampler and slice sampling to carry out the posterior computations.

    Release date: 2021-06-24

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202100600001
    Description:

    This study examines MHCs by immigrants and refugees-compared with those of Canadian-born respondents-while controlling for self-reported mental health and immigrant characteristics, using a population-based survey linked to immigrant landing information. This study, which is based on a linked database, allows for much richer insight into immigrant populations than most previous studies.

    Release date: 2021-06-16

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100500003
    Description:

    Canada’s senior population is becoming more diverse, ethnically and linguistically. Among individuals aged 75 and older in 2016, 34% were foreign-born and 27% had a mother tongue other than English or French, compared with 29% and 21%, respectively, in 1991. There is a pressing need for a better understanding of the living arrangements of immigrant and ethnic minority seniors in response to shifting demographics. This article provides an overview of the living arrangements of Canadians aged 75 and older across mother tongue groups. Analysis is based on the 2016 Census of Population short-form questionnaire and includes older seniors in both private and collective residences.

    Release date: 2021-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 18-001-X2020001
    Description:

    This paper presents the methodology used to generate the first nationwide database of proximity measures and the results obtained with a first set of ten measures. The computational methods are presented as a generalizable model due to the fact that it is now possible to apply similar methods to a multitude of other services or amenities, in a variety of alternative specifications.

    Release date: 2021-02-15

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2021002
    Description:

    This technical guide describes the methodological details for the Consulting Services Price Index (COSPI). The document includes information about the purpose of the index, data sources, and index estimation and aggregation.

    Release date: 2021-01-28

  • Articles and reports: 81-595-M2020001
    Description:

    This study uses longitudinal data combining information from the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) with data from personal income tax (T1 Family File) to analyze the impact of short-duration credentials (certificates and diplomas from colleges and universities), completed after an undergraduate degree, on the outcomes on the labour market of graduates from Canadian public universities.

    Release date: 2020-10-16

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2020018
    Description:

    This paper looks at price movements for surveying and mapping services in Canada between 2013 and 2018, the types of services offered and the forces driving the industry, and provides an industry update for 2020.

    Release date: 2020-10-02

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000800001
    Description:

    This study fills this gap by examining the self-reported mental health (SRMH) of immigrants by admission category and other immigration dimensions (e.g., source world region and duration since landing) and making comparisons with Canadian-born respondents to a population-based survey.

    Release date: 2020-08-19
Journals and periodicals (6)

Journals and periodicals (6) ((6 results))

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-646-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Survey of Older Workers is sponsored by the Labour Market Policy branch of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC). The survey is designed to assess the labour market intentions and transitions of older Canadians. The subject matter is intended to identify "factors" that influence the decision to retire or remain working. In this context pensions, general finances, the role of dependents, the nature of work, health considerations etc., will be of primary concern in trying to understand workers' intentions and motivations.

    Release date: 2010-11-15

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-617-X
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Description:

    The International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey, undertaken in 2003, measured the proficiencies of a representative sample of Canadian adults aged 16 and over in four domains: prose literacy, document literacy, numeracy and problem solving, and benchmarked performance against an international standard. The proficiency scores are compared between provinces, territories and nations, and over time. Moreover, literacy performance is examined in relation to differences in variables such as educational attainment, employment and unemployment, earnings and self-assessed health. Analyses of the literacy performance of groups of special interest, including women and men, young adults and seniors, recent and established immigrants, and Aboriginal populations are included.

    Release date: 2005-11-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 61-533-X
    Description:

    This publication provides the first national portrait of the many thousands of nonprofit and voluntary organizations found in every Canadian community. The data, from the National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations, reveal a set of organizations that are widely diverse in nature, touching virtually every aspect of Canadians' lives.

    Release date: 2005-06-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 61-533-S
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This booklet summarizes the key results of the first National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations. These organizations have a significant economic presence and serve as vehicles for citizen engagement. However, many report significant challenges to their capacity to fulfill their missions.

    Release date: 2005-03-11

  • Journals and periodicals: 53F0007X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This analytical study uses Canadian Vehicle Survey data for 2000 to explain road use characteristics of young and aging drivers on a national basis. The analysis examines differences between two age groups - those aged 24 and under and those aged 55 and over - with the remainder of the population, those aged 25 to 54.

    The focus of the study is on when and why drivers choose to make road trips, and how the driving population compares with the population as a whole. Driver characteristics were compared with Canadian motor vehicle traffic collision statistics published by Transport Canada (1999) as a means of putting driving exposure into perspective.

    Release date: 2003-01-09

  • Journals and periodicals: 82F0076X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Heart disease and stroke are major causes of illness, disability and death in Canada and they exact high personal, community and health care costs. The goal of The changing face of heart disease and stroke in Canada, the fifth in a series of reports from the Canadian Heart and Stroke Surveillance System (CHSSS), is to provide health professionals and policy makers with an overview of current trends in risk factors, interventions and services, and health outcomes of heart disease and stroke in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-10-21
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