Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100200002
    Description:

    When linking massive data sets, blocking is used to select a manageable subset of record pairs at the expense of losing a few matched pairs. This loss is an important component of the overall linkage error, because blocking decisions are made early on in the linkage process, with no way to revise them in subsequent steps. Yet, measuring this contribution is still a major challenge because of the need to model all the pairs in the Cartesian product of the sources, not just those satisfying the blocking criteria. Unfortunately, previous error models are of little use because they typically do not meet this requirement. This paper addresses the issue with a new finite mixture model, which dispenses with clerical reviews, training data, or the assumption that the linkage variables are conditionally independent. It applies when applying a standard blocking procedure for the linkage of a file to a register or a census with complete coverage, where both sources are free of duplicate records.

    Release date: 2022-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100200004
    Description:

    This note presents a comparative study of three methods for constructing confidence intervals for the mean and quantiles based on survey data with nonresponse. These methods, empirical likelihood, linearization, and that of Woodruff’s (1952), were applied to data on income obtained from the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, and to simulated data. A response propensity model was used for adjusting the sampling weights, and the empirical performance of the methods was assessed in terms of the coverage of the confidence intervals through simulation studies. The empirical likelihood and linearization methods had a good performance for the mean, except when the variable of interest had some extreme values. For quantiles, the linearization method had a poor performance, while the empirical likelihood and Woodruff methods had a better one, though without reaching the nominal coverage when the variable of interest had values with high frequency near the quantile of interest.

    Release date: 2022-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202101100001
    Description:

    The fitness levels of Canadian adults declined substantially between 1981 and the years 2007 to 2009, suggesting a reduction in population health. This paper updates the fitness trends of Canadians aged 20 to 69 years by extending the time period to 2017.

    Release date: 2021-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021007
    Description:

    This discussion paper describes the proposed methodology for a Northern Market Basket Measure (MBM-N) for Yukon and the Northwest Territories, as well as identifies research which could be conducted in preparation for the 2023 review. The paper presents initial MBM-N thresholds and provides preliminary poverty estimates for reference years 2018 and 2019. A review period will follow the release of this paper, during which time Statistics Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada will welcome feedback from interested parties and work with experts, stakeholders, indigenous organizations, federal, provincial and territorial officials to validate the results.

    Release date: 2021-11-12

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900002
    Description:

    In Canada, the gender wage gap continues to persist and nearly two-thirds of the gap was still unexplained by standard factors such as level of education, job attributes, proportions of women and men in higher-paying occupations or industries, and demographics. This points to a continued need for analysis in this area in order to better understand gender-based wage disparity, including gender-related biases in career advancement. Using new content developed in the 2016 General Social Survey (GSS Cycle 30): Canadians at Work and Home, this study investigates the possible existence and magnitude of gender-related biases in career advancement that may prevent women from advancing in their careers.

    Release date: 2021-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900004
    Description:

    In recent decades, women’s educational attainment has increased significantly in Canada. In 2016, 40.7% of young women aged 25 to 34 reported having a bachelor's degree or higher, up from 32.8% in 2006. By comparison, 29.1% of young men aged 25 to 34 reported having a bachelor's degree or higher, up from 24.8% in 2006. This short study discusses gender-based differences in desired level of educational attainment for students, as well as obstacles encountered in school.

    Release date: 2021-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021008
    Description:

    As Canada begins the recovery from the health and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, there are concerns for the financial well-being of Canadians and a heightened awareness of the importance of financial resilience. This paper looks at how Canadians are reporting their financial difficulties on the Labour Force Survey, expands on research into how the weekly income of Canadians has been affected, and examines changes in the Seymour Financial Resilience IndexTM over the pandemic period. This report is the result of a collaboration between Statistics Canada and Seymour Consulting Inc.

    Release date: 2021-09-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021049
    Description:

    The 2020 Canadian Internet Use Survey (CIUS) measures the impact of digital technologies on the lives of Canadians, including how individuals access and use the Internet, their intensity of use, demand for certain online activities, and interactions online as well as the changes in use of digital tech as a result of COVID-19. This infographic examines Canadians use of the Internet and digital technologies as well as certain online activities done for the first time during COVID-19.

    Release date: 2021-09-07

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100800006
    Description:

    Childcare supports labour force participation for parents, and can support language, early learning, and the social development of children before they enter the school system. However, there has been little consistent, comparable information on early learning and childcare businesses across the provinces and territories. This paper examines the business and economic characteristics of childcare in Canada, which is provided by firms through markets, and early learning services funded by governments through junior kindergarten and kindergarten. The paper uses administrative datasets to identify firms providing childcare services in Canada for children up to and including the age of 5 for the period from 2008 to 2016. The childcare firms are then used as a basis to examine the revenue and Gross domestic product of the childcare industry based on the type of firm (incorporated vs. unincorporated) generating the income.

    Release date: 2021-08-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2021004
    Description:

    Despite COVID-19's impact on the broader economy, the Canadian housing market remained resilient through 2020 as interest rates fell to historic lows. Using data derived from the National Economic Accounts Division and the Bank of Canada, this paper examines trends observed in the mortgage market leading up to and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Release date: 2021-08-23
Stats in brief (31)

Stats in brief (31) (0 to 10 of 31 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021049
    Description:

    The 2020 Canadian Internet Use Survey (CIUS) measures the impact of digital technologies on the lives of Canadians, including how individuals access and use the Internet, their intensity of use, demand for certain online activities, and interactions online as well as the changes in use of digital tech as a result of COVID-19. This infographic examines Canadians use of the Internet and digital technologies as well as certain online activities done for the first time during COVID-19.

    Release date: 2021-09-07

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021048
    Description:

    The 2020 Canadian Internet Use Survey (CIUS) measures the impact of digital technologies on the lives of Canadians, including how individuals access and use the Internet, their intensity of use, demand for certain online activities such as e-commerce and barriers to shopping online. This infographic examines what Canadians have reported about their online spending behaviours.

    Release date: 2021-06-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021045
    Description:

    The infographic shows the percentage of Canadian businesses by region that required personal protective equipment (PPE) over the last three iterations of the survey (October 2020, December 2020, and February 2021). It also presents estimates of demand for various PPE items by region for February 2021.

    Release date: 2021-04-23

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021008
    Description:

    Drawn from publicly available data contained in the Canadian Civil Aircraft Register Database, this infographic presents summary data on commercial aircraft registrations in Canada. The infographic was prepared by Statistics Canada in collaboration with Transport Canada.

    Release date: 2021-03-04

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021009
    Description:

    Drawn from publicly available data contained in the Canadian Civil Aircraft Register Database, this infographic presents summary data on private aircraft registrations in Canada. The infographic was prepared by Statistics Canada, in collaboration with Transport Canada.

    Release date: 2021-03-04

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100084
    Description:

    This study compares the international impacts on civil aviation as a result of COVID-19. It analyzes the trend of passenger volumes for the first half of 2020, how far they dropped and how quickly they are recovering. Another section compares passenger load factor for selected countries. Finally, it provides an outlook on recovery in the air transportation sector.

    Release date: 2020-10-09

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100082
    Description:

    This article examines how the self-reported health and mental health of people with long-term health conditions or disabilities has changed since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic explored by age, sex and type of reported difficulty. Additionally, the rates of health service disruptions are explored by type of service and region.

    Release date: 2020-10-07

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100074
    Description:

    The novel COVID-19 pandemic has been expected to impact the workloads of health care workers such as nurses, but to date, the magnitude of such changes has not been quantified. Compiling data about nurses’ working conditions is important because excessive workload and overtime hours have been linked with decreased well-being and with implications for the long term health of workers and for health service delivery. To shed light on this issue, this study reports on the changes to nurses’ overtime work hours before and after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Release date: 2020-09-01

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100053
    Description:

    This article examines key housing markets in Canada prior to COVID-19 and offers an outlook of the impacts of the pandemic on the real estate market over the next few months. Price trends for four property types, such as new houses, new condominiums, resale houses and resale condominiums are explored. Prior to COVID-19, the price of condominium apartments increased at a faster pace than singles, semi-detached and row homes. The global pandemic may cause a shift of preferences for larger homes instead of condominiums as future home buyers may prefer larger homes in the suburbs as working from home becomes more prevalent.

    Release date: 2020-07-21

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2020050
    Description:

    This infographic examines key housing markets in Canada prior to COVID-19 and offers an outlook of the impacts of the pandemic on the real estate market over the next few months. Price trends for four property types, such as new houses, new condominiums, resale houses and resale condominiums are explored. Prior to COVID-19, the price of condominium apartments increased at a faster pace than single, semi-detached and row homes. Since the beginning of the pandemic, many changes have been impacting the real estate industry, from virtual tours to a change in preference towards larger homes in the suburb. We offer an outlook of the impact of those new realities on the real estate market going forward.

    Release date: 2020-07-21
Articles and reports (450)

Articles and reports (450) (0 to 10 of 450 results)

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100200002
    Description:

    When linking massive data sets, blocking is used to select a manageable subset of record pairs at the expense of losing a few matched pairs. This loss is an important component of the overall linkage error, because blocking decisions are made early on in the linkage process, with no way to revise them in subsequent steps. Yet, measuring this contribution is still a major challenge because of the need to model all the pairs in the Cartesian product of the sources, not just those satisfying the blocking criteria. Unfortunately, previous error models are of little use because they typically do not meet this requirement. This paper addresses the issue with a new finite mixture model, which dispenses with clerical reviews, training data, or the assumption that the linkage variables are conditionally independent. It applies when applying a standard blocking procedure for the linkage of a file to a register or a census with complete coverage, where both sources are free of duplicate records.

    Release date: 2022-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100200004
    Description:

    This note presents a comparative study of three methods for constructing confidence intervals for the mean and quantiles based on survey data with nonresponse. These methods, empirical likelihood, linearization, and that of Woodruff’s (1952), were applied to data on income obtained from the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, and to simulated data. A response propensity model was used for adjusting the sampling weights, and the empirical performance of the methods was assessed in terms of the coverage of the confidence intervals through simulation studies. The empirical likelihood and linearization methods had a good performance for the mean, except when the variable of interest had some extreme values. For quantiles, the linearization method had a poor performance, while the empirical likelihood and Woodruff methods had a better one, though without reaching the nominal coverage when the variable of interest had values with high frequency near the quantile of interest.

    Release date: 2022-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202101100001
    Description:

    The fitness levels of Canadian adults declined substantially between 1981 and the years 2007 to 2009, suggesting a reduction in population health. This paper updates the fitness trends of Canadians aged 20 to 69 years by extending the time period to 2017.

    Release date: 2021-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021007
    Description:

    This discussion paper describes the proposed methodology for a Northern Market Basket Measure (MBM-N) for Yukon and the Northwest Territories, as well as identifies research which could be conducted in preparation for the 2023 review. The paper presents initial MBM-N thresholds and provides preliminary poverty estimates for reference years 2018 and 2019. A review period will follow the release of this paper, during which time Statistics Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada will welcome feedback from interested parties and work with experts, stakeholders, indigenous organizations, federal, provincial and territorial officials to validate the results.

    Release date: 2021-11-12

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900002
    Description:

    In Canada, the gender wage gap continues to persist and nearly two-thirds of the gap was still unexplained by standard factors such as level of education, job attributes, proportions of women and men in higher-paying occupations or industries, and demographics. This points to a continued need for analysis in this area in order to better understand gender-based wage disparity, including gender-related biases in career advancement. Using new content developed in the 2016 General Social Survey (GSS Cycle 30): Canadians at Work and Home, this study investigates the possible existence and magnitude of gender-related biases in career advancement that may prevent women from advancing in their careers.

    Release date: 2021-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900004
    Description:

    In recent decades, women’s educational attainment has increased significantly in Canada. In 2016, 40.7% of young women aged 25 to 34 reported having a bachelor's degree or higher, up from 32.8% in 2006. By comparison, 29.1% of young men aged 25 to 34 reported having a bachelor's degree or higher, up from 24.8% in 2006. This short study discusses gender-based differences in desired level of educational attainment for students, as well as obstacles encountered in school.

    Release date: 2021-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021008
    Description:

    As Canada begins the recovery from the health and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, there are concerns for the financial well-being of Canadians and a heightened awareness of the importance of financial resilience. This paper looks at how Canadians are reporting their financial difficulties on the Labour Force Survey, expands on research into how the weekly income of Canadians has been affected, and examines changes in the Seymour Financial Resilience IndexTM over the pandemic period. This report is the result of a collaboration between Statistics Canada and Seymour Consulting Inc.

    Release date: 2021-09-09

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100800006
    Description:

    Childcare supports labour force participation for parents, and can support language, early learning, and the social development of children before they enter the school system. However, there has been little consistent, comparable information on early learning and childcare businesses across the provinces and territories. This paper examines the business and economic characteristics of childcare in Canada, which is provided by firms through markets, and early learning services funded by governments through junior kindergarten and kindergarten. The paper uses administrative datasets to identify firms providing childcare services in Canada for children up to and including the age of 5 for the period from 2008 to 2016. The childcare firms are then used as a basis to examine the revenue and Gross domestic product of the childcare industry based on the type of firm (incorporated vs. unincorporated) generating the income.

    Release date: 2021-08-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2021004
    Description:

    Despite COVID-19's impact on the broader economy, the Canadian housing market remained resilient through 2020 as interest rates fell to historic lows. Using data derived from the National Economic Accounts Division and the Bank of Canada, this paper examines trends observed in the mortgage market leading up to and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Release date: 2021-08-23

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021006
    Description:

    Statistics Canada has undertaken a broad range of initiatives designed to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians. This update extends earlier, experimental research into monthly family income trends of Canadians over the pandemic period. The approach integrates weekly earnings available from the Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) together with information specific to government transfers including special COVID-19 benefits collected through administrative data sources and imputation. This update incorporates additional data sources and takes into account the emergency programs introduced at the beginning of the pandemic as well as the recovery programs introduced in late September 2020 to replace them. Population coverage is consistent with the second edition, however experimental estimates have been updated and extended through March 2021. The paper describes the data sources used, estimation strategies employed, limitations, and potential future developments.

    Release date: 2021-07-28
Journals and periodicals (9)

Journals and periodicals (9) ((9 results))

  • Journals and periodicals: 18-504-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis (RSGA) of the Agriculture Division prepared a series of maps and statistics that show the progression of the 2009 Red River valley flood in Manitoba for the spring of 2009. Starting with an image acquired on March 31, the maps were produced from the analysis of Radarsat-2 satellite image data integrated with 2006 Census of Agriculture data and census geography boundary files. From this analysis, the total area of flooded agriculture land and the number of farmers affected were calculated. A comparison is made with the 1997 flood that occurred in the same region.

    Release date: 2009-05-11

  • Journals and periodicals: 61-533-X
    Description:

    This publication provides the first national portrait of the many thousands of nonprofit and voluntary organizations found in every Canadian community. The data, from the National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations, reveal a set of organizations that are widely diverse in nature, touching virtually every aspect of Canadians' lives.

    Release date: 2005-06-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-603-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    "Learning a living: First results of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey" presents new evidence on the nature and magnitude of the literacy gaps faced by OECD countries and how these gaps have evolved over the medium term.

    The fundamental goal of the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (ALL) is to shed new light on the twin processes of skill gain and loss. The survey is sponsored by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

    The report offers new insights into the factors that influence the formation and loss of adult skills in various settings - at home and at work - for the seven countries participating in the first round of data collection. The study offers the first comparative evidence on the impact of formal adult education and informal learning on the supply of skill. It also provides unique insight into the distribution of information and communication technology skills, and how these have amplified both productivity and wage inequality.

    It is meant to assist decision makers in formulating policy in four areas:-Policies aimed at removing skill deficits that act as barriers to innovation, productivity and high rates of economic growth;-Policies designed to limit and reverse social exclusion and income inequality; -Policies that seek to reduce the unit cost of delivering public health care and education services;-Policies conceived to improve quality in all spheres, from public services to quality of life, individual fulfillment and happiness.

    Release date: 2005-05-11

  • Journals and periodicals: 61-533-S
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This booklet summarizes the key results of the first National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations. These organizations have a significant economic presence and serve as vehicles for citizen engagement. However, many report significant challenges to their capacity to fulfill their missions.

    Release date: 2005-03-11

  • Journals and periodicals: 51-502-X
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    Aviation passenger traffic in Calgary and Edmonton were roughly equal in 1963 but the Calgary market has grown much larger than that of Edmonton. Reasons for growth in these two aviation markets often returned to the debate over a divided aviation market as the result of two airports (Edmonton) versus one at their major competitor (Calgary). It was often suggested that if flights could be consolidated into one airport, «market share» would cease to be lost to the competing airport.

    Major socio-economic variables used in airport passenger forecasting are examined to see if they help to explain the different growth patterns. Population does not appear to explain the differences. Income may be one explanatory factor, with the larger concentration of higher incomes in Calgary. The immigrant population of Calgary has grown faster in the last decade and net migration to Calgary from elsewhere in Canada has been higher--both could stimulate travel. With respect to economic activity stimulating aviation, Calgary has recently led Edmonton in the value of building permits, full-time employment and head office employment. While the socio-economic variables have favoured Calgary, especially in recent years, the decline of Edmonton's passenger aviation traffic, relative to Calgary, has slowed. This has occurred after the moving of most commercial aviation passenger flights from Edmonton City Centre airport to Edmonton International airport. This may support the position that Edmonton was losing aviation passenger traffic to Calgary before the consolidation of commercial aviation flights at Edmonton international airport.

    Release date: 2004-05-12

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-577-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) is a post-censal survey of adults and children whose everyday activities may be limited because of a condition or health problem. A sample of those persons who answered 'Yes' to the 2001 Census disability filter questions were included in the PALS Survey population. Approximately 35,000 adults and 8,000 children living in private and some collective households in the 10 provinces were selected to participate in the survey. The data was collected after the 2001 Census, in the fall of 2001.

    This paper presents initial results on the number of persons with disabilities, disability rates as well as the type and severity of disability, by age and sex, for Canada and the provinces.

    Release date: 2003-12-03

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-580-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The 2001 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) is a post-censal survey of adults and children whose everyday activities are limited because of a physical condition or health problem. A sample of those persons who answered 'Yes' to the 2001 Census disability filter questions were included in the PALS survey population. Approximately 35,000 adults and 8,000 children living in private or collective households in the 10 provinces were selected to participate in the survey. The data were collected in the fall of 2001.

    This paper focuses on the various supports available for adults with disabilities. These supports include technical aids and devices, assistance with everyday activities, housing modifications and tax credits.

    Release date: 2003-03-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 56F0006X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Using the 2000 General Social Survey data on individual Internet use, this paper explores the use of the Internet, and its social impact on Canadians. During the year 2000, an estimated 13 million, or 53% of Canadians over 15 years of age, said they used the Internet at home, work or somewhere else in the last 12 months. Most non-users say cost and access are their greatest barriers to the Internet. The majority of Canadians feel everyone should have access to the Internet, but they are divided about who should remove the barriers

    Release date: 2001-03-26

  • Journals and periodicals: 61-526-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study investigates the determinants of failure for new Canadian firms. It explores the role that certain factors play in conditioning the likelihood of survival - factors related to industry structure, firm demographics and macroeconomic cycles. It asks whether the determinants of failure are different for new start-ups than for firms that have reached adolescence, and if the magnitude of these differences is economically significant. It examines whether, after controlling for certain influences, failure rates differ across industries and provinces.

    Two themes figure prominently in this analysis. The first is the impact that certain industry characteristics - such as average firm size and concentration - have on the entry/exit process, either through their influence on failure costs or on the intensity of competition. The second centres on how the dimensions of failure evolve over time as new firms gain market experience.

    Release date: 2000-02-16
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