Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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All (187) (0 to 10 of 187 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-621-M2022012
    Description:

    Using administrative data, such as goods and services tax (GST) revenue, this study assesses how the recovery began to unfold in selected service industries in 2021, the second year of the pandemic, even as supply chain disruptions, labour shortages, skill gaps and inflationary pressures intensified.

    Release date: 2022-07-18

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202200100010
    Description:

    This study combines simulated annealing with delta evaluation to solve the joint stratification and sample allocation problem. In this problem, atomic strata are partitioned into mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive strata. Each partition of atomic strata is a possible solution to the stratification problem, the quality of which is measured by its cost. The Bell number of possible solutions is enormous, for even a moderate number of atomic strata, and an additional layer of complexity is added with the evaluation time of each solution. Many larger scale combinatorial optimisation problems cannot be solved to optimality, because the search for an optimum solution requires a prohibitive amount of computation time. A number of local search heuristic algorithms have been designed for this problem but these can become trapped in local minima preventing any further improvements. We add, to the existing suite of local search algorithms, a simulated annealing algorithm that allows for an escape from local minima and uses delta evaluation to exploit the similarity between consecutive solutions, and thereby reduces the evaluation time. We compared the simulated annealing algorithm with two recent algorithms. In both cases, the simulated annealing algorithm attained a solution of comparable quality in considerably less computation time.

    Release date: 2022-06-21

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2022008
    Description:

    The Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI) accounts for the sale of used vehicles by including a net expenditure weight for used vehicles in the index for the purchase of passenger vehicles. However, price changes for new cars were used as a proxy for used cars to ensure price change for this product was still covered to the best extent possible. The research paper outlines the proposed plan for introducing used vehicle prices, including data and methods. With the introduction of the 2021 CPI basket, a new approach for measuring price change in used vehicles is recommended to replace the previous method of measuring used vehicles price change by proxy.

    Release date: 2022-05-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021074
    Description:

    The 2018 General Social Survey on Caregiving and Care Receiving collects information on Canadians who provide care to family and friends with a long-term health condition, disability or problems related to aging. The survey also covers individuals who receive this care and about the challenges both groups face.

    Taking on the responsibility of an informal caregiver often means balancing other competing demands of life, such as working at a paid job, raising children and maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships. This infographic explores how the number of hours per week spent on caregiving activities effects the overall well-being of informal caregivers and their participation in daily and social activities.

    Release date: 2022-01-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2022001
    Description:

    Despite the third wave of the pandemic, the trend observed is generally positive in the first half of 2021 for several service industries. Using administrative datasets, such as the goods and services tax (GST) data, this analysis explores the impacts of the pandemic, resiliency and adaptation of a selected group of service industries by comparing GST revenue from the first half of 2021 relative to the same period in 2020.

    Release date: 2022-01-12

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100200006
    Description:

    Sample-based calibration occurs when the weights of a survey are calibrated to control totals that are random, instead of representing fixed population-level totals. Control totals may be estimated from different phases of the same survey or from another survey. Under sample-based calibration, valid variance estimation requires that the error contribution due to estimating the control totals be accounted for. We propose a new variance estimation method that directly uses the replicate weights from two surveys, one survey being used to provide control totals for calibration of the other survey weights. No restrictions are set on the nature of the two replication methods and no variance-covariance estimates need to be computed, making the proposed method straightforward to implement in practice. A general description of the method for surveys with two arbitrary replication methods with different numbers of replicates is provided. It is shown that the resulting variance estimator is consistent for the asymptotic variance of the calibrated estimator, when calibration is done using regression estimation or raking. The method is illustrated in a real-world application, in which the demographic composition of two surveys needs to be harmonized to improve the comparability of the survey estimates.

    Release date: 2022-01-06

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021089
    Description:

    This infographic features government spending data in Canada for the 2020/2021 fiscal year. It gives a breakdown of expenses by the socio-economic purpose for which the funds are used.

    Release date: 2021-11-26

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2021016
    Description:

    Using various sources of expenditure data, Statistics Canada, in partnership with the Bank of Canada, has estimated monthly adjusted consumer expenditure weights that reflect shifts in consumption patterns as the COVID-19 pandemic evolves. The Adjusted price index has been updated to incorporate the 2020 basket weights and is now based on a Similarity-linked Fisher price index formula. The expenditure data cover all goods and services in the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and provide snapshot estimates of expenditure weights for June, July, August and September 2021. These estimates can provide insight into the impact of COVID-19 on the headline CPI.

    Release date: 2021-11-10

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100038
    Description:

    This article examines some of the effects of COVID-19 on rural businesses in Canada, with comparison to urban counterparts by industry for contextual support. Topics include business obstacles, expectations for the next year, workforce changes and other subjects from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions, third quarter of 2021.

    Release date: 2021-10-18

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900001
    Description:

    This paper highlights the main findings of the Immigrant Entrepreneurs research program initiated by the Research and Evaluation Branch of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and Statistics Canada.

    Release date: 2021-09-22
Stats in brief (23)

Stats in brief (23) (0 to 10 of 23 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-621-M2022012
    Description:

    Using administrative data, such as goods and services tax (GST) revenue, this study assesses how the recovery began to unfold in selected service industries in 2021, the second year of the pandemic, even as supply chain disruptions, labour shortages, skill gaps and inflationary pressures intensified.

    Release date: 2022-07-18

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021074
    Description:

    The 2018 General Social Survey on Caregiving and Care Receiving collects information on Canadians who provide care to family and friends with a long-term health condition, disability or problems related to aging. The survey also covers individuals who receive this care and about the challenges both groups face.

    Taking on the responsibility of an informal caregiver often means balancing other competing demands of life, such as working at a paid job, raising children and maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships. This infographic explores how the number of hours per week spent on caregiving activities effects the overall well-being of informal caregivers and their participation in daily and social activities.

    Release date: 2022-01-14

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021089
    Description:

    This infographic features government spending data in Canada for the 2020/2021 fiscal year. It gives a breakdown of expenses by the socio-economic purpose for which the funds are used.

    Release date: 2021-11-26

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100038
    Description:

    This article examines some of the effects of COVID-19 on rural businesses in Canada, with comparison to urban counterparts by industry for contextual support. Topics include business obstacles, expectations for the next year, workforce changes and other subjects from the Canadian Survey on Business Conditions, third quarter of 2021.

    Release date: 2021-10-18

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100021
    Description:

    The Canada Emergency Response Benefit program (CERB) was introduced to provide financial support to employees and self-employed workers in Canada who were directly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. This article examines the proportion of 2019 workers who received CERB payments in 2020 by various characteristics. CERB take-up rates are presented by industry, earnings group in 2019, sex, age group and province, as well as for population groups designated as visible minorities, immigrants and Indigenous people. Some factors that help explain differences in take-up rates among these groups of workers are also examined.

    Release date: 2021-06-02

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021044
    Description:

    This infographic features sales and inventories for the petroleum and coal products industry, as well as refinery production, while highlighting the impacts related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Release date: 2021-04-27

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021034
    Description:

    This infographic features alcohol sales in Canada for the 2019-2020 fiscal year. It gives a breakdown of standard alcoholic drinks sold per week, sales by type of beverage, and the share of domestic vs. import sales.

    Release date: 2021-04-21

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021037
    Description:

    This infographic reviews gender parity and the salary gap among university academics (full professors, associate professors and assistant professors) and how it has changed over the last 40 years.

    Release date: 2021-03-24

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2020081
    Description:

    Income data for Canadian tax filers shed light on the distribution of income in 2018. This infographic illuminates selected characteristics of the top 1% of tax filers in Canada that year, including information on age, gender, and geographic location. The top 1% of tax filers is defined as the 1% of tax filers with the highest total incomes when ranked nationally. These estimates are for a pre-pandemic period and do not reflect any impacts of COVID-19. However, they do provide a baseline for analysing changes to the top of the income distribution during the pandemic period, once those data become available.

    Release date: 2020-11-18

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202000100087
    Description:

    Using the latest data from the Vital Statistics - Death Database, this article presents information about the most common comorbid conditions in COVID-19 deaths, as well as the extent to which these conditions differ by age groups. Comorbidities are defined as chronic and acute conditions, diseases, disorders, and complications appearing on the medical certificate of cause of death where COVID-19 was involved in the death.

    Release date: 2020-11-16
Articles and reports (155)

Articles and reports (155) (0 to 10 of 155 results)

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202200100010
    Description:

    This study combines simulated annealing with delta evaluation to solve the joint stratification and sample allocation problem. In this problem, atomic strata are partitioned into mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive strata. Each partition of atomic strata is a possible solution to the stratification problem, the quality of which is measured by its cost. The Bell number of possible solutions is enormous, for even a moderate number of atomic strata, and an additional layer of complexity is added with the evaluation time of each solution. Many larger scale combinatorial optimisation problems cannot be solved to optimality, because the search for an optimum solution requires a prohibitive amount of computation time. A number of local search heuristic algorithms have been designed for this problem but these can become trapped in local minima preventing any further improvements. We add, to the existing suite of local search algorithms, a simulated annealing algorithm that allows for an escape from local minima and uses delta evaluation to exploit the similarity between consecutive solutions, and thereby reduces the evaluation time. We compared the simulated annealing algorithm with two recent algorithms. In both cases, the simulated annealing algorithm attained a solution of comparable quality in considerably less computation time.

    Release date: 2022-06-21

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2022008
    Description:

    The Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI) accounts for the sale of used vehicles by including a net expenditure weight for used vehicles in the index for the purchase of passenger vehicles. However, price changes for new cars were used as a proxy for used cars to ensure price change for this product was still covered to the best extent possible. The research paper outlines the proposed plan for introducing used vehicle prices, including data and methods. With the introduction of the 2021 CPI basket, a new approach for measuring price change in used vehicles is recommended to replace the previous method of measuring used vehicles price change by proxy.

    Release date: 2022-05-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2022001
    Description:

    Despite the third wave of the pandemic, the trend observed is generally positive in the first half of 2021 for several service industries. Using administrative datasets, such as the goods and services tax (GST) data, this analysis explores the impacts of the pandemic, resiliency and adaptation of a selected group of service industries by comparing GST revenue from the first half of 2021 relative to the same period in 2020.

    Release date: 2022-01-12

  • Articles and reports: 12-001-X202100200006
    Description:

    Sample-based calibration occurs when the weights of a survey are calibrated to control totals that are random, instead of representing fixed population-level totals. Control totals may be estimated from different phases of the same survey or from another survey. Under sample-based calibration, valid variance estimation requires that the error contribution due to estimating the control totals be accounted for. We propose a new variance estimation method that directly uses the replicate weights from two surveys, one survey being used to provide control totals for calibration of the other survey weights. No restrictions are set on the nature of the two replication methods and no variance-covariance estimates need to be computed, making the proposed method straightforward to implement in practice. A general description of the method for surveys with two arbitrary replication methods with different numbers of replicates is provided. It is shown that the resulting variance estimator is consistent for the asymptotic variance of the calibrated estimator, when calibration is done using regression estimation or raking. The method is illustrated in a real-world application, in which the demographic composition of two surveys needs to be harmonized to improve the comparability of the survey estimates.

    Release date: 2022-01-06

  • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2021016
    Description:

    Using various sources of expenditure data, Statistics Canada, in partnership with the Bank of Canada, has estimated monthly adjusted consumer expenditure weights that reflect shifts in consumption patterns as the COVID-19 pandemic evolves. The Adjusted price index has been updated to incorporate the 2020 basket weights and is now based on a Similarity-linked Fisher price index formula. The expenditure data cover all goods and services in the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and provide snapshot estimates of expenditure weights for June, July, August and September 2021. These estimates can provide insight into the impact of COVID-19 on the headline CPI.

    Release date: 2021-11-10

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900001
    Description:

    This paper highlights the main findings of the Immigrant Entrepreneurs research program initiated by the Research and Evaluation Branch of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and Statistics Canada.

    Release date: 2021-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100900003
    Description:

    Entrepreneurship and businesses ownership are important aspects of the economic contribution of immigrants. Much is known regarding the high self-employment rates and other characteristics of immigrant entrepreneurs. However, very little is known about the based wage disparity, including gender-related biases in career advancement. Using new content developed in the 2016 General Social Survey (GSS Cycle 30): Canadians at Work and Home, this study investigates the possible existence and magnitude of gender-related biases in career advancement that may prevent women from advancing in their careers.

    Release date: 2021-09-22

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021008
    Description:

    As Canada begins the recovery from the health and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, there are concerns for the financial well-being of Canadians and a heightened awareness of the importance of financial resilience. This paper looks at how Canadians are reporting their financial difficulties on the Labour Force Survey, expands on research into how the weekly income of Canadians has been affected, and examines changes in the Seymour Financial Resilience IndexTM over the pandemic period. This report is the result of a collaboration between Statistics Canada and Seymour Consulting Inc.

    Release date: 2021-09-09

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021006
    Description:

    Statistics Canada has undertaken a broad range of initiatives designed to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians. This update extends earlier, experimental research into monthly family income trends of Canadians over the pandemic period. The approach integrates weekly earnings available from the Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) together with information specific to government transfers including special COVID-19 benefits collected through administrative data sources and imputation. This update incorporates additional data sources and takes into account the emergency programs introduced at the beginning of the pandemic as well as the recovery programs introduced in late September 2020 to replace them. Population coverage is consistent with the second edition, however experimental estimates have been updated and extended through March 2021. The paper describes the data sources used, estimation strategies employed, limitations, and potential future developments.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2021006
    Description:

    The overall objective of this paper is to provide an overview of selected approaches to measuring and reporting well-being in Canada and internationally, and to identify opportunities to move forward with new and enhanced measures to address current social, economic and environmental issues facing Canada that may impact the well-being of its population. This report highlights six trends and proposes a range of data development and measurement activities to advance well-being measurement in the following key areas: digitization, affordability and economic uncertainty, the quality of jobs, social cohesion, neighbourhoods and the built environment and climate change.

    Release date: 2021-07-12
Journals and periodicals (9)

Journals and periodicals (9) ((9 results))

  • Journals and periodicals: 89-618-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The purpose of the provincial and territorial reports is to present a summary of demographic, social and economic characteristics of the off reserve Aboriginal population in the Atlantic provinces, Québec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon and Northwest Territories. Information on education, residential schools, information technology, employment, mobility and housing, health and language are highlighted. While most of the focus is on adults, there is also information provided on children. Data showing comparisons between Aboriginal groups are provided, as are some comparisons with the non-Aboriginal population. Findings are based on the 2001 Census and the 2001 Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

    Release date: 2006-03-23

  • Journals and periodicals: 54F0001X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Canada's major container ports have competed successfully against their U.S. counterparts for overseas container traffic. However, the ocean container shipping industry is undergoing changes that will impact on their relationships with ports and competition among ports for container traffic has been fierce. This paper explores how Canadian ports might fare in this increasingly competitive environment, based on their natural and man-made attributes, their competitive stance and their potential to meet the evolving ocean container industry.

    The assessment includes a review of the ocean container shipping industry, the North American container market and competing ports in the United States (U.S.). This report uses data from two sources, Statistics Canada's marine international origin/destination (O/D) database and the U.S. Department of Transport Maritime Administration's (MARAD) Annual Import Export Waterborne Databank which is based on Journal of Commerce P.I.E.R.S. data.

    The keys to the success of Canadian container ports have been a combination of natural endowments, investments in intermodal facilities and competitive pricing. These factors are likely to continue into the future, however, the competition among container ports is likely to intensify as industry consolidation continues and as publicly funded U.S. intermodal terminal and corridor projects come to fruition.

    Release date: 2003-06-09

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-556-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Recognizing that there is the need for better information and statistics on organized crime, and for methodologies to measure its impact on Canadians, the federal, provincial and territorial ministers responsible for Justice have endorsed a plan to begin addressing Canada's data gap in the area of organized crime.

    The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics was contracted by the Solicitor General of Canada to investigate the feasibility of collecting quantitative data on organized crime. This report highlights the lessons learned during consultations with selected police intelligence units and it presents a number of options for data collection.

    Release date: 2002-09-27

  • Journals and periodicals: 54F0002X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This study identifies the flag-related trends of fleets used in Canada's international sea-borne trade relative to the world fleet during the 15-year period from 1985 to 1999. The goal is to determine if there is any indication that fleets that served Canada were any less safe in 1999 than in 1985.

    This study uses fleet and ship-casualty statistics published by Lloyd's Register and data on vessel entrances and clearances from Statistics Canada's Marine International Origin-Destination Database to develop a flag-related risk index.

    Release date: 2002-06-05

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-553-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This report provides an in-depth analysis of the findings of the 1999 General Social Survey on victimization and public perceptions of crime and the justice system. The chapters examine the risks of violent and household victimization; urban and rural victimization; victims' use of services; and perceptions and fear of crime.

    Release date: 2001-08-08

  • Journals and periodicals: 81-586-X
    Description:

    In today's emerging knowledge societies, the capacity of labour markets, firms and individuals to adjust to change, improve productivity and capitalize on technological innovation depends in large measure on the skills of the adult population. Improving the stock of skills available to the economy through investment in adult education and workplace learning has therefore become an issue of considerable strategic importance. But how are the Canadian markets for adult education and training evolving?

    This report presents, for the first time, evidence on the development of adult education and training in Canada during the last decade. Examined are not only broad trends in the demand and supply of adult education, but also the factors contributing to observed developments. Survey data collected in 1998 allow readers to gauge the current situation and make comparisons over time and across Canadian provinces. The findings indicate, first, that growth in adult education participation has slowed in recent years, and second, that there are major differences between the provinces in who gets trained, and how much.

    Release date: 2001-05-10

  • Journals and periodicals: 82F0076X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Heart disease and stroke are major causes of illness, disability and death in Canada and they exact high personal, community and health care costs. The goal of The changing face of heart disease and stroke in Canada, the fifth in a series of reports from the Canadian Heart and Stroke Surveillance System (CHSSS), is to provide health professionals and policy makers with an overview of current trends in risk factors, interventions and services, and health outcomes of heart disease and stroke in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-10-21

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-546-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) Survey is a micro-data survey, conducted annually since 1992. The YCCS survey collects data from jurisdictional operational systems via electronic interfaces. Data are forwarded to the Centre, processed, and returned to jurisdictions as aggregate data tables for verification and sign-off. The survey collects a wide array of information on young offender admissions to custody and community services (e.g., custody type, crime committed, sentence length, age, gender, Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal). The YCCS annual report is the primary vehicle for disseminating young offender information on prison populations and the use of community sanctions. To date, there have been four releases (Initiative only) of the YCCS annual report. Jurisdictional coverage varied from report to report since YCCS interfaces were phased-in over several years.

    Interface projects have been completed, and data are being collected from Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Alberta, British Columbia, and Yukon. In addition, the interface project for Nova Scotia is nearing completion. Together, these jurisdictions represent 47% of the national coverage of youth corrections. While the development of an electronic interface is presently not feasible in some jurisdictions, Ontario and Quebec are able to provide some of the aggregate data required to populate the tables contained in the annual report. With the addition of Ontario and Quebec in 1998-99, only data from Saskatchewan and the Northwest Territories would be missing from the annual report.

    Further, in preparation for the proposed release of YCCS data, and as part of Statistics Canada's ongoing survey review process, the YCCS survey is currently undergoing a detailed methodological review, with particular attention to data quality issues and output.

    The inclusion of aggregate data from Ontario and Quebec will increase the coverage of the YCCS significantly. Also, the methodological review of the YCCS will assess the reliability of the data elements covered in the annual report. Since the survey has been in operation since 1992 and since the YCCS is the primary source of young offender information on prison populations and the use of community sanctions.

    Release date: 1999-06-07

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-542-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The purpose of this report is to reduce the level of confusion arising from the use of crime data originating from two very different sources (i.e., the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey - UCR and the General Social Survey - GSS) and to inform discussions about which is the better measure of crime. It explains why the findings based on these data sources diverge and summarizes the major differences between the two surveys.

    Release date: 1997-05-14
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