August 2021

Issue on early learning and child care The Daily release

Spotlight on data and research

Canadian Survey on the Provision of Child Care Service

Statistics Canada, in collaboration with Employment and Social Development Canada, developed the Canadian Survey on the Provision of Child Care Services (CSPCCS) to identify the feasibility of a survey frame to survey child care providers, and to enable the reporting of descriptive information about those providers. This article describes the CSPCCS and its objectives.

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Use of child care for children younger than six during COVID-19

This article examines the use of child care among children under age 6 based on results from the Survey on Early Learning and Child Care Arrangements (2020), collected between November 2020 and January 2021.

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Research articles

Patterns of participation in early learning and child care among families with potential socioeconomic disadvantages in Canada

Using the 2019 Survey on Early Learning and Child Care Arrangements, a nationally representative survey that provides the most updated and detailed information on child care for children aged 0 to 5 years, this study examines the patterns of ELCC participation among families with potential socioeconomic disadvantages in Canada. 

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Use of child care before and after school in Canada

The purpose of this study is to describe the use of non-parental child care for kindergarten and elementary school children (age 4 to 11), including type of care and number of hours in care, as well as to identify predictors and correlates of child care use for this demographic.

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Indigenous and non-Indigenous early learning and child care workers in Canada

This study examines the sociodemographic and employment characteristics of early learning and child care (ELCC) workers who are First Nations people, Métis or Inuit. Using 2016 long-form Census data, two occupational groups were studied – early childhood educators and assistants (ECEA) and child care providers (CCP). Comparisons were also made with non-Indigenous ELCC workers in the same occupational groups.

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The early learning and child care industry in Canada: Business characteristics and industry gross domestic product

This paper examines the business and economic characteristics of childcare in Canada, which is provided by firms through markets, and early learning services funded by governments through junior kindergarten and kindergarten. The paper uses administrative datasets to identify firms providing childcare services in Canada for children up to and including the age of 5 for the period from 2008 to 2016.  The childcare firms are then used as a basis to examine the revenue and Gross domestic product of the childcare industry based on the type of firm (incorporated vs. unincorporated) generating the income.

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