Inuit in Canada – Projections to 2041

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Infographic: Inuit in Canada – Projections to 2041
Description: Inuit in Canada – Projections to 2041

The Inuit population was estimated at 67,000 in 2016. Depending on the projection scenario, it could reach between 92,000 and 101,000 in 2041.Note 1 The average annual growth rate would vary between 1.2% and 1.6% between 2016 and 2041.

Table 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 1. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Inuit population, estimated (2016) and projected (2021 to 2041) (appearing as column headers).
Year Inuit population, estimated (2016) and projected (2021 to 2041)
2016 67,000
2021 Between 73,000 and 73,000
2026 Between 78,000 and 79,000
2031 Between 82,000 and 86,000
2036 Between 87,000 and 93,000
2041 Between 92,000 and 101,000

The median age of the Inuit population is projected to be between 30.0 and 31.8 years in 2041, up from 24.6 years in 2016. In comparison, the median age of the non-Indigenous population is projected to increase from 41.4 to 44.7 years over the same period.Note 1

Proportion of Inuit within the total Indigenous population

In 2016, the Inuit population comprised 3.7% of the Indigenous population. This proportion is projected to remain stable or to decrease slightly to between 3.2% and 3.7% in 2041.

Proportion of Inuit living inside Inuit Nunangat

Between 74.0% and 74.6% of Inuit would be living in one of the four regions of Inuit Nunangat in 2041. This would be a slight increase from 72.7% in 2016.

By 2041, the Inuit population would increase in all Inuit regions, except Nunatsiavut, where it would remain stable or increase slightly, depending on the projection scenario.

Table 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 2. The information is grouped by Region (appearing as row headers), Inuit population (appearing as column headers).
Region Inuit population
Estimated in 2016 Projected in 2041 Change between 2016 and 2041
Total - Inuit Nunangat 49,000 Between 68,000 and 75,000 Increase
Nunatsiavut (Newfoundland and Labrador) 2,000 Between 2,000 and 3,000 Stability or increase depending on the scenario
Nunavik (Quebec) 12,000 Between 17,000 and 19,000 Increase
Nunavut 31,000 Between 44,000 and 48,000 Increase
Inuvialuit region (Northwest Territories) 3,000 Approximately 5,000 Increase
Outside Inuit Nunangat 18,000 Between 24,000 and 26,000 Increase

Source: Statistics Canada, Centre for Demography, Demosim 2021.

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: