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  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020006

    This paper examines the role of firm characteristics in accounting for the between-firm average employment earnings dispersion in the Canadian business sector between 2002 and 2015. It uses two decomposition methods to analyze the level of and changes in the between-firm average employment earnings dispersion by firm characteristics, such as productivity, globalization status (importing, exporting, foreign ownership), technology intensity, firm size, firm age, industry and geographic region.

    Release date: 2020-02-20

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020007

    The dispersion of earnings among workers may come from multiple sources. It may reflect differences in workers’ characteristics, such as education and experience. It may also be because workers are employed at different firms that pay differently. Recent studies from other countries have found that firms play an important role in explaining earnings disparities among workers, often through the link between productivity and pay. However, there has been no Canadian evidence on the link between the earnings dispersion and firm differences because of a lack of matched employer–employee data. This paper presents developments in the dispersion of individuals’ earnings in Canada and examines the potential of firm characteristics to account for this dispersion and changes in this dispersion in the post-2000 period using the Canadian Employer–Employee Dynamics Database.

    Release date: 2020-02-20

  • Articles and reports: 18-001-X2019001

    This study is part of the movement in the literature that supposes that entrepreneurship is an important factor in economic development and growth. A company’s success or failure is largely determined by the quality of corporate decisions made by the entrepreneur. However, since business decisions are intangible, their impact on a company’s performance is difficult to measure. This analysis aims to quantify the impact of business decisions. To measure intangibles, indexes were developed to measure a company’s management practices and long-term strategic directions, much like those developed by Bloom and Van Reenen (2007) and Brouillette and Ershov (2014).

    Release date: 2019-04-02

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2019001

    An enterprise is said to be multinational if it controls or is controlled by an enterprise outside of Canada. Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are an important part of the Canadian economy. This paper uses financial statement data from the Annual Financial and Taxation Statistics program and tax sources to answer questions about MNEs, such as: What industries have the highest concentrations of MNEs? How do these enterprises compare in terms of size and profitability to enterprises that do not have affiliates outside of Canada? How diverse are the operations of Canadian- controlled MNEs abroad?

    Release date: 2019-04-01

  • Articles and reports: 61-220-X2016001

    This report is a special release intended to highlight new insights into the extent of foreign control in the Canadian corporate economy from 2007 to 2016. It illustrates changes in foreign control by macro-region and country for financial and non-financial industry groupings.

    Release date: 2018-08-01

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201800154961

    Statistics Canada conducted a survey on Canada's licensed cannabis producers in the fourth quarter of 2017 and early 2018. Businesses in this survey are cannabis producers that were licensed by Health Canada as of September 2017. The survey collected information on production, inventories, revenue, expenses, employment and capital expenditures for the years 2015 and 2016. Additional information was obtained from the Canada Revenue Agency's corporate income tax and payroll deduction records and from Health Canada's regulatory data.

    Release date: 2018-04-26

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2010065
    Geography: Canada

    The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, the authors provide a detailed social accounting matrix (SAM), which incorporates the income and financial flows into the standard input-output matrix, for the Canadian economy for 2004. Second, they use the SAM to assess the strength of the real-financial linkages by calculating and comparing real SAM multipliers and financial social accounting matrix (FSAM) multipliers. For FSAM multipliers, financial flows are endogenous, whereas for real SAM multipliers they are not. The results show that taking into account financial flows increases the impact of a final demand shock on Canadian output. Financial flows also play an important role in determining the cumulative effect of an income shock or the availability of investment funds. Between 2008 and the first half of 2009, financial institutions shifted their investments toward government bonds, short-term paper, and foreign investments. This shift together with the fact that non-financial institutions were unwilling or unable to increase their financial liabilities, led to estimated declines in all GDP multipliers between 2008 and the first half of 2009 (2009H1). The main advantage of using the extended input-output analysis is that it provides a simple framework, with very few assumptions, which allows the assessment of the strength of real-financial linkages by means of multipliers. However, the methodology is subject to the Lucas critique, that as shocks shift prices, agents cannot adjust. Such a framework is, nevertheless, appropriate in short-term impact analysis such as this study.

    Release date: 2011-05-20

  • Articles and reports: 11-624-M2006015
    Geography: Canada

    This paper provides an overview of the long-run trend in business bankruptcies in Canada, examines the reaction of bankruptcies by region to the stresses associated with fluctuations in the economy and analyses the relation between the incidence of bankruptcies and the economic health of the regions. Over the past 25 years, Canadian businesses have experienced a number of tumultuous periods. After 2 decades of high bankruptcy associated with 2 major recessions and the implementation of 2 free trade agreements in the 1980s and 1990s, bankruptcies have returned by 2005 to levels experienced in the early 1980s. At the same time, the differences between the bankruptcy rates of Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia fell as the intensity of bankruptcies in these 3 provinces converged. Throughout the period, bankruptcies in these 3 provinces moved in concert with unemployment rates in most provinces. The exceptions are Alberta and Nova Scotia, which experienced marked increases in bankruptcies in the early 1990s.

    Release date: 2006-10-12

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2005036
    Geography: Canada

    Burkart and Ellingsen (2004) develop a model of trade credit and bank credit rationing which predicts that trade credit will be used by medium-wealth and low-wealth firms to help ease bank credit rationing. This paper tests this and other predictions of the Burkart and Ellingsen model using a large sample of more than 28,000 Canadian firms. The author uses an endogenous method to divide the firms into the appropriate wealth categories rather than arbitrarily selecting firms likely to be credit-rationed. The data support the main predictions of the model quite well. The author finds that medium-wealth firms substitute trade credit for bank credit consistent with using it to alleviate bank credit rationing. The low-wealth firms use trade credit but it is positively linked to bank credit, suggesting those firms are constrained in both bank credit and trade credit markets, and so cannot use trade credit to adjust as much to negative shocks. The findings also suggest that there are very few unconstrained, high-wealth Canadian firms. The author also finds low-wealth, declining and distressed firms supply proportionally more trade credit than firms with healthier balance sheets.

    Release date: 2005-11-04

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2005010

    This paper looks into Canadian innovative biotechnology firms' access to financing capital. Results show that over 70% of biotech firms that attempted to raise financing capital were successful. Funds were primarily sought for R&D activities and came primarily from Canadian venture capitalists. Harsher market conditions were the main reasons put forward by investors to limit or reject biotechnology firms' funding requests.

    Release date: 2005-04-29
Reference (9)

Reference (9) ((9 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2001
    Description: The survey collects financial data from electric utilities in Canada. The information is used as input to the Canadian System of National Accounts. Federal (National Energy Board) and provincial agencies are also provided with data on a regular basis.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2014
    Description: This annual survey collects information on Canadian companies involved in the contract drilling and other services to the oil and gas extraction industry. The survey collects financial and operating statistics.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2178
    Description: This annual survey collects information on Canadian companies involved in the oil and gas exploration, development and production industry. The survey collects financial, income and balance sheet information as well as operating statistics.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2179
    Description: This annual survey collects data on the general position of Canadian companies primarily engaged in the gathering and transportation of crude oil and other petroleum products.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2180
    Description: This annual survey collects data on the general position of Canadian companies primarily engaged in the transportation and distribution of natural gas.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 2501
    Description: Information collected as part of the Quarterly Financial Statistics for Enterprises program provides data used to measure the financial position and performance of incorporated businesses by industry aggregations. It also provides information on financial holdings and transactions in the Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (CSMA) sector accounts.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 5252
    Description: Statistics Canada is conducting this survey to collect comprehensive business and economic information on licensed cannabis producers. The federal government will use data from this survey to better understand this industry and its relationship with the rest of the Canadian economy.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 7506
    Description: This is non-Statistics Canada information.

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 7507
    Description: This is non-Statistics Canada information.
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