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All (17)

All (17) (0 to 10 of 17 results)

  • Articles and reports: 22-20-00012024002
    Description: This article explores trends in patent applications made by Canadian-resident businesses for advanced technologies from 2001 to 2019, drawing on Eurostat's aggregation of high-tech patents. Approximately one-third of applications fall under high-tech categories, the bulk of which were associated with Communication, Computer, and Automated business equipment technologies. While these fields saw growth until 2012, a subsequent decline occurred, notably in Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing. Biotechnology, Semiconductors, and Lasers showed limited dynamism, while aviation technology applications surged by nearly twentyfold over the period.
    Release date: 2024-05-21

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2019026
    Description:

    The interactive tool presents information on activities of multinational enterprises at the international and national level. At the international level, users can see the importance of foreign multinationals on the Canadian economy as well as the similar role of Canadian multinationals in foreign economies, by country. At the national level, information on activities of multinational enterprises in Canada are included, by type of multinationals, province and industry. Activities include a number of selected variables such as number of enterprises, number of jobs, assets, revenues, merchandise trade and value added.

    Release date: 2024-05-21

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2021005
    Description:

    Multinational enterprises (MNEs) have been drivers of globalization. These enterprises have taken advantage of innovations in logistics and communications technology over the past four decades to diversify their supply chains and expand into new markets. Operating internationally, however, also allows MNEs to take advantage of tax systems which were designed for a less integrated era. For example, MNEs can arrange for profits to be 'shifted' by charging affiliates in high tax locations prices above market rates in transactions with affiliates in lower tax regions. These behaviours are referred to as base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS), and, although not illegal, they impact government revenues worldwide.

    Release date: 2021-12-02

  • 33-23-0003
    Description:

    International Accounts and Trades Division (IATD) receives custom data requests on a cost recovery basis. All custom data requests refer to existing data collected and published, the re-aggregation of different types, or the preparation of data tables based on specific requirements from clients.

    Release date: 2020-10-08

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020008
    Description:

    Multinationals play an important role in the world economy because they are larger, innovate more, are more productive and pay higher wages compared with non-multinationals. Multinationals (i.e., firms that have established affiliates or subsidiaries in other countries) have played an increasingly important role in many economies. In Canada, multinationals accounted for only 0.8% of all enterprises in 2016, but they held 67% of all assets in the Canadian economy (Schaffter and Fortier-Labonté 2019). Given the importance of multinationals to the Canadian economy, it is essential for policy makers to understand the economic performance and productivity advantage of multinationals operating in Canada.

    To address policy-relevant research questions, a rich micro dataset covering all industries from 2000 to 2014 has been constructed for this study, using several administrative microdata files at Statistics Canada. This dataset is used to delve deeper into and estimate the productivity advantage of multinationals, including the selection and learning effects associated with multinationality. In addition, this study investigates whether and how research and development (R&D) investment contributes to the superior productivity performance of multinationals.

    Release date: 2020-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201900100012
    Description:

    The Activities of Multinational Enterprises in Canada program describes the characteristics, activity, financial position and performance of multinational and non-multinational enterprises in Canada. This paper focuses specifically on the characteristics of employment at foreign and Canadian multinational enterprises operating in Canada, by province and industry. This study focuses specifically on the employment characteristics in Canada, by province and industry, of foreign MNEs, Canadian MNEs and non-MNE corporations.

    Release date: 2019-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019012
    Description:

    This Economic Insights article presents estimates of the nominal output of foreign-owned multinationals operating in different sectors of Canada’s economy. It examines changes in the value added of foreign majority-owned affiliates, highlighting contributions by country of control. Estimates are examined separately for affiliates operating in resource, manufacturing and service industries. Developed by the Canadian Economic Accounts, the new data summarized in this article are part of a series of projects designed to provide more detailed information on the global dimensions of Canada’s economy. Annual estimates of the value added of foreign-owned affiliates are currently available from 2010 to 2016.

    Release date: 2019-06-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2019002
    Description:

    Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) describes strategies by multinational enterprises (MNEs) to reduce their tax burden. This paper develops 5 simple indicators of BEPS using a framework inspired by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and data available within Statistics Canada. Our goal is to explore whether Canada's tax base may be adversely impacted by BEPS.

    Release date: 2019-06-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2019001
    Description:

    An enterprise is said to be multinational if it controls or is controlled by an enterprise outside of Canada. Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are an important part of the Canadian economy. This paper uses financial statement data from the Annual Financial and Taxation Statistics program and tax sources to answer questions about MNEs, such as: What industries have the highest concentrations of MNEs? How do these enterprises compare in terms of size and profitability to enterprises that do not have affiliates outside of Canada? How diverse are the operations of Canadian- controlled MNEs abroad?

    Release date: 2019-04-01

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2017398
    Description:

    Output growth in Canadian manufacturing was slower in the 2000s than in the 1990s. The sector’s real output declined, in contrast to an overall increase in output in the business sector (Clarke and Couture 2017). It fell rapidly during the 2007-to-2009 financial crisis, and returned to its pre-crisis level only in 2016. The market share of foreign-controlled firms also declined after 2000 (Baldwin and Li 2017).

    This paper examines the role of multinationals and reallocation in productivity growth in the Canadian manufacturing sector for the period from 2001 to 2010, a period of significant change in this sector. It contributes to the literature on several fronts. First, it complements the literature by examining productivity growth at the firm level. This paper also seeks to examine whether the decline that started around 2006 was associated with changes in the effect of reallocation and the role of foreign multinationals in aggregate productivity growth.

    Release date: 2017-10-30
Data (1)

Data (1) ((1 result))

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2019026
    Description:

    The interactive tool presents information on activities of multinational enterprises at the international and national level. At the international level, users can see the importance of foreign multinationals on the Canadian economy as well as the similar role of Canadian multinationals in foreign economies, by country. At the national level, information on activities of multinational enterprises in Canada are included, by type of multinationals, province and industry. Activities include a number of selected variables such as number of enterprises, number of jobs, assets, revenues, merchandise trade and value added.

    Release date: 2024-05-21
Analysis (15)

Analysis (15) (0 to 10 of 15 results)

  • Articles and reports: 22-20-00012024002
    Description: This article explores trends in patent applications made by Canadian-resident businesses for advanced technologies from 2001 to 2019, drawing on Eurostat's aggregation of high-tech patents. Approximately one-third of applications fall under high-tech categories, the bulk of which were associated with Communication, Computer, and Automated business equipment technologies. While these fields saw growth until 2012, a subsequent decline occurred, notably in Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing. Biotechnology, Semiconductors, and Lasers showed limited dynamism, while aviation technology applications surged by nearly twentyfold over the period.
    Release date: 2024-05-21

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2021005
    Description:

    Multinational enterprises (MNEs) have been drivers of globalization. These enterprises have taken advantage of innovations in logistics and communications technology over the past four decades to diversify their supply chains and expand into new markets. Operating internationally, however, also allows MNEs to take advantage of tax systems which were designed for a less integrated era. For example, MNEs can arrange for profits to be 'shifted' by charging affiliates in high tax locations prices above market rates in transactions with affiliates in lower tax regions. These behaviours are referred to as base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS), and, although not illegal, they impact government revenues worldwide.

    Release date: 2021-12-02

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020008
    Description:

    Multinationals play an important role in the world economy because they are larger, innovate more, are more productive and pay higher wages compared with non-multinationals. Multinationals (i.e., firms that have established affiliates or subsidiaries in other countries) have played an increasingly important role in many economies. In Canada, multinationals accounted for only 0.8% of all enterprises in 2016, but they held 67% of all assets in the Canadian economy (Schaffter and Fortier-Labonté 2019). Given the importance of multinationals to the Canadian economy, it is essential for policy makers to understand the economic performance and productivity advantage of multinationals operating in Canada.

    To address policy-relevant research questions, a rich micro dataset covering all industries from 2000 to 2014 has been constructed for this study, using several administrative microdata files at Statistics Canada. This dataset is used to delve deeper into and estimate the productivity advantage of multinationals, including the selection and learning effects associated with multinationality. In addition, this study investigates whether and how research and development (R&D) investment contributes to the superior productivity performance of multinationals.

    Release date: 2020-05-26

  • Articles and reports: 13-605-X201900100012
    Description:

    The Activities of Multinational Enterprises in Canada program describes the characteristics, activity, financial position and performance of multinational and non-multinational enterprises in Canada. This paper focuses specifically on the characteristics of employment at foreign and Canadian multinational enterprises operating in Canada, by province and industry. This study focuses specifically on the employment characteristics in Canada, by province and industry, of foreign MNEs, Canadian MNEs and non-MNE corporations.

    Release date: 2019-11-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-626-X2019012
    Description:

    This Economic Insights article presents estimates of the nominal output of foreign-owned multinationals operating in different sectors of Canada’s economy. It examines changes in the value added of foreign majority-owned affiliates, highlighting contributions by country of control. Estimates are examined separately for affiliates operating in resource, manufacturing and service industries. Developed by the Canadian Economic Accounts, the new data summarized in this article are part of a series of projects designed to provide more detailed information on the global dimensions of Canada’s economy. Annual estimates of the value added of foreign-owned affiliates are currently available from 2010 to 2016.

    Release date: 2019-06-25

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2019002
    Description:

    Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) describes strategies by multinational enterprises (MNEs) to reduce their tax burden. This paper develops 5 simple indicators of BEPS using a framework inspired by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and data available within Statistics Canada. Our goal is to explore whether Canada's tax base may be adversely impacted by BEPS.

    Release date: 2019-06-18

  • Articles and reports: 11-621-M2019001
    Description:

    An enterprise is said to be multinational if it controls or is controlled by an enterprise outside of Canada. Multinational enterprises (MNEs) are an important part of the Canadian economy. This paper uses financial statement data from the Annual Financial and Taxation Statistics program and tax sources to answer questions about MNEs, such as: What industries have the highest concentrations of MNEs? How do these enterprises compare in terms of size and profitability to enterprises that do not have affiliates outside of Canada? How diverse are the operations of Canadian- controlled MNEs abroad?

    Release date: 2019-04-01

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2017398
    Description:

    Output growth in Canadian manufacturing was slower in the 2000s than in the 1990s. The sector’s real output declined, in contrast to an overall increase in output in the business sector (Clarke and Couture 2017). It fell rapidly during the 2007-to-2009 financial crisis, and returned to its pre-crisis level only in 2016. The market share of foreign-controlled firms also declined after 2000 (Baldwin and Li 2017).

    This paper examines the role of multinationals and reallocation in productivity growth in the Canadian manufacturing sector for the period from 2001 to 2010, a period of significant change in this sector. It contributes to the literature on several fronts. First, it complements the literature by examining productivity growth at the firm level. This paper also seeks to examine whether the decline that started around 2006 was associated with changes in the effect of reallocation and the role of foreign multinationals in aggregate productivity growth.

    Release date: 2017-10-30

  • Articles and reports: 11F0027M2014088
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper compares the relative importance of small and large firms in the business sectors of Canada and the United States from 2002 to 2008 using estimates of the contribution of small and large firms to the gross domestic product (GDP) of each country. It then makes use of estimates of labour input for comparison purposes. In this paper, small firms are defined as those with fewer than 500 employees and large firms as those with 500 or more employees.

    Release date: 2014-01-08

  • Articles and reports: 15-206-X2014033
    Description:

    This paper examines and compares labour productivity in Canada and the United States for small and large firms over the period from 2002 to 2008. It quantifies the relative importance of small and large firms in Canada and the United States and measures the relative productivity levels of small versus large firms.

    Small firms are relatively more important in the Canadian economy. Small firms are less productive than large firms in both countries. But the productivity disadvantage of small relative to large firms was higher in Canada.

    The paper provides an estimate of the impact that these differences have on the gap in productivity levels between Canada and the United States. It first estimates the changes that would occur in Canadian aggregate labour productivity if the share of hours worked of large firms in Canada was increased to the U.S. level. It then quantifies the impact of increasing the relative productivity of small to large firms in Canada up to the relative productivity ratio of small firms to large firms that existed in the United States.

    Together, decreasing the relative importance of small firms in the economy and increasing their relative productivity compared to large firms accounts for most of the gap in productivity levels between Canada and the United States in 2002. However, changes in the economy that occurred between 2002 and 2008 reduced the contribution of the small-firm sector to the gap in productivity levels.

    Release date: 2014-01-08
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