Survey Methodology
Criteria for choosing between calibration weighting and survey weighting

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by Mohammed El Haj Tirari and Boutaina HdioudNote 1

  • Release date: December 20, 2018


Based on auxiliary information, calibration is often used to improve the precision of estimates. However, calibration weighting may not be appropriate for all variables of interest of the survey, particularly those not related to the auxiliary variables used in calibration. In this paper, we propose a criterion to assess, for any variable of interest, the impact of calibration weighting on the precision of the estimated total. This criterion can be used to decide on the weights associated with each survey variable of interest and determine the variables for which calibration weighting is appropriate.

Key Words:      Estimation of a total; calibration estimator; superpopulation model; model-based approach; weighting impact.

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How to cite

Tirari, M.E.H., and Hdioud, B. (2018). Criteria for choosing between calibration weighting and survey weighting. Survey Methodology, Statistics Canada, Catalogue No. 12-001-X, Vol. 44, No. 2. Paper available at


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