Labour Force Survey

The Labour Force Survey provides estimates of employment and unemployment. With the release of the survey results only 10 days after the completion of data collection, the LFS estimates are the first of the major monthly economic data series to be released. LFS data are used to produce the well-known unemployment rate as well as other standard labour market indicators such as the employment rate and the participation rate.
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All (636) (0 to 10 of 636 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 75-005-M
    Description: The papers in this series cover a variety of technical topics related to the surveys of the Labour statistics division, such as LFS, SEPH, Employment insurance as well as data from administrative sources.
    Release date: 2024-02-16

  • Articles and reports: 75-005-M2024001
    Description: From 2010 to 2019, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) response rate – or the proportion of selected households who complete an LFS interview – had been on a slow downward trend, due to a range of social and technological changes which have made it more challenging to contact selected households and to persuade Canadians to participate when they are contacted. These factors were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in the suspension of face-to-face interviewing between April 2020 and fall 2022. Statistics Canada is committed to restoring LFS response rates to the greatest extent possible. This technical paper discusses two initiatives that are underway to ensure that the LFS estimates continue to provide an accurate and representative portrait of the Canadian labour market.
    Release date: 2024-02-16

  • Public use microdata: 71M0001X
    Description: This public use microdata file (PUMF) contains non-aggregated data for a wide variety of variables collected from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS collects monthly information on the labour market activities of Canada's working age population. This product is for users who prefer to do their own analysis by focusing on specific subgroups in the population or by cross-classifying variables that are not in our catalogued products.

    Monthly files are available back to 2006 and can be directly downloaded. For reference periods prior to 2006, files are available by request through Statistics Canada's Electronic File Transfer (EFT) service and date back to 1976.

    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Market Observatory consists of interactive data visualization applications showcasing the vast amount of publicly available labour market information. The fully interactive applications allow Canadians to quickly and easily personalize the information in a way that is relevant to them and their interests.

    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This interactive visualization application provides a comprehensive picture of the Canadian labour market using the most recent Labour Force Survey data available. The estimates are seasonally adjusted and available by province, sex, age group and industry. Historical estimates, going back 5 years, are also included for monthly employment changes and unemployment rates. The interactive application allows users to quickly and easily explore and personalize the information presented. Combine multiple provinces, sexes and age groups to create your own labour market domains of interest.

    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0017-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0017-02
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group. Data are presented for 24 months earlier, 12 months earlier and current month, as well as 24-month and year-over-year level change and percentage change.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0019-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by educational attainment, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0021-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate by type of student during school months, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0022-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and unemployment rate, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09
Data (338)

Data (338) (0 to 10 of 338 results)

  • Public use microdata: 71M0001X
    Description: This public use microdata file (PUMF) contains non-aggregated data for a wide variety of variables collected from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS collects monthly information on the labour market activities of Canada's working age population. This product is for users who prefer to do their own analysis by focusing on specific subgroups in the population or by cross-classifying variables that are not in our catalogued products.

    Monthly files are available back to 2006 and can be directly downloaded. For reference periods prior to 2006, files are available by request through Statistics Canada's Electronic File Transfer (EFT) service and date back to 1976.

    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Market Observatory consists of interactive data visualization applications showcasing the vast amount of publicly available labour market information. The fully interactive applications allow Canadians to quickly and easily personalize the information in a way that is relevant to them and their interests.

    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This interactive visualization application provides a comprehensive picture of the Canadian labour market using the most recent Labour Force Survey data available. The estimates are seasonally adjusted and available by province, sex, age group and industry. Historical estimates, going back 5 years, are also included for monthly employment changes and unemployment rates. The interactive application allows users to quickly and easily explore and personalize the information presented. Combine multiple provinces, sexes and age groups to create your own labour market domains of interest.

    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0017-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0017-02
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group. Data are presented for 24 months earlier, 12 months earlier and current month, as well as 24-month and year-over-year level change and percentage change.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0019-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by educational attainment, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0021-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate by type of student during school months, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0022-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and unemployment rate, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0026-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of employees by class of worker, North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and sex, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Table: 14-10-0028-01
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons working part-time, by reason for part-time work, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2024-02-09
Analysis (282)

Analysis (282) (0 to 10 of 282 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 75-005-M
    Description: The papers in this series cover a variety of technical topics related to the surveys of the Labour statistics division, such as LFS, SEPH, Employment insurance as well as data from administrative sources.
    Release date: 2024-02-16

  • Articles and reports: 75-005-M2024001
    Description: From 2010 to 2019, the Labour Force Survey (LFS) response rate – or the proportion of selected households who complete an LFS interview – had been on a slow downward trend, due to a range of social and technological changes which have made it more challenging to contact selected households and to persuade Canadians to participate when they are contacted. These factors were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in the suspension of face-to-face interviewing between April 2020 and fall 2022. Statistics Canada is committed to restoring LFS response rates to the greatest extent possible. This technical paper discusses two initiatives that are underway to ensure that the LFS estimates continue to provide an accurate and representative portrait of the Canadian labour market.
    Release date: 2024-02-16

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20240403587
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2024-02-09

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2023069
    Description: This infographic looks at trends in women's self-employment in Canada, as well as the occupational and demographic characteristics of self-employment among women.
    Release date: 2023-12-19

  • Articles and reports: 75-006-X202300100014
    Description: This study uses historical data from the Labour Force Survey, from 1976 to 2022, to provide a profile of self-employment among women in Canada; looking at changes in the self-employment rate, type of self-employment and the top occupations among the self-employed. It also uses data from the 2001 and 2021 Censuses of Population to profile self-employment among various population groups.
    Release date: 2023-12-04

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X202333837705
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2023-12-04

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202301100003
    Description: As the low-fee early learning and child care system will be implemented nationwide over the next few years, knowledge about employment patterns for families with young children during recent years can be used as a baseline on parental labour market participation prior to the implementation of Canada-wide early learning and child care. Using Labour Force Survey data, this study analyzed recent trends in the labour market participation of parents with children aged 0 to 5 and labour market characteristics of working and non-working parents with young children in 2021.
    Release date: 2023-11-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X202332631084
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2023-11-22

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2023049
    Description: This infographic looks at how women from diverse groups experience the gender wage gap differently and how it has changed from 2007 to 2022. It uses data from the Labour Force Survey for paid workers aged 20 to 54, to examine the distinct experiences of diverse groups of women Including Indigenous women, immigrant women and non-Indigenous women born in Canada.
    Release date: 2023-09-21

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X202326437084
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2023-09-21
Reference (13)

Reference (13) (0 to 10 of 13 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75-005-M2023001
    Description: This document provides information on the evolution of response rates for the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and a discussion of the evaluation of two aspects of data quality that ensure the LFS estimates continue providing an accurate portrait of the Canadian labour market.
    Release date: 2023-10-30

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 81-582-G
    Description: This handbook complements the tables of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). It is a guide that provides general descriptions for each indicator and indicator component. PCEIP has five broad indicator sets: a portrait of the school-age population; financing education systems; elementary and secondary education; postsecondary education; and transitions and outcomes.

    The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) is a joint venture of Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada.

    Release date: 2023-10-13

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates.

    Release date: 2023-01-30

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X2023001
    Description: This document introduces and describes updates to the Labour Force Survey estimates in January 2023. These updates include the transition to National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 as well as enhancements to the LFS data processing system.
    Release date: 2023-01-30

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X2021001
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates in January 2021. Some of these modifications include the adjustment of all LFS estimates to reflect population counts based on the 2016 Census and includes updates to 2016 Geography classification system.

    Release date: 2021-01-25

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71-543-G
    Description:

    The Guide to the Labour Force Survey contains a dictionary of concepts and definitions and covers topics such as survey methodology, data collection, data processing and data quality. It also contains information on products and services, sub-provincial geography descriptions as well as the survey questionnaire.

    Release date: 2020-04-09

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75-005-M2019001
    Description:

    The production of statistics from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) involves many activities, one of which is data processing. This step involves the verification and correction of survey data when required in order to produce microdata files. Beginning in January 2019, LFS processing will be transitioned to a new system, the Social Survey Processing Environment. This document describes the development and testing that preceded the implementation of the new system, and demonstrates that the transition is expected to have minimal impact on LFS estimates and be transparent to users of LFS data.

    Release date: 2019-02-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71-526-X
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the official source of monthly estimates of total employment and unemployment. Following the 2011 census, the LFS underwent a sample redesign to account for the evolution of the population and labour market characteristics, to adjust to changes in the information needs and to update the geographical information used to carry out the survey. The redesign program following the 2011 census culminated with the introduction of a new sample at the beginning of 2015. This report is a reference on the methodological aspects of the LFS, covering stratification, sampling, collection, processing, weighting, estimation, variance estimation and data quality.

    Release date: 2017-12-21

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75-005-M2016001
    Description:

    In over 70 years, the methodology and questionnaire, as well as the collection and processing techniques of the Canadian Labour Force Survey have undergone major changes. This document summarizes these changes chronologically and provides references to more detailed information sources. Among the most significant changes were two questionnaire redesigns, which occurred approximately 20 years apart, in 1976 and 1997.

    Release date: 2017-01-06

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71-544-X
    Description: This catalogue briefly describes all Labour Force Survey products offered on a monthly, annual and occasional basis. It includes products, uses, general release dates, formats available and prices, as well as special request services and Internet services. It also introduces any changes to products.
    Release date: 2012-07-06
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