Labour Force Survey

The Labour Force Survey provides estimates of employment and unemployment. With the release of the survey results only 10 days after the completion of data collection, the LFS estimates are the first of the major monthly economic data series to be released. LFS data are used to produce the well-known unemployment rate as well as other standard labour market indicators such as the employment rate and the participation rate.
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All (519) (0 to 10 of 519 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20211273587
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This interactive visualization application provides a comprehensive picture of the Canadian labour market using the most recent Labour Force Survey data available. The estimates are seasonally adjusted and available by province, sex, age group and industry. Historical estimates, going back 5 years, are also included for monthly employment changes and unemployment rates. The interactive application allows users to quickly and easily explore and personalize the information presented. Combine multiple provinces, sexes and age groups to create your own labour market domains of interest.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2017001
    Description:

    This web application provides access to Statistics Canada’s Labour Market Indicators for Canada, by province and by census metropolitan area. This dynamic application allows users to view geographical rankings for each labour market indicator and to create quick and easy reports with interactive maps and charts that can be easily copied into other programs. All provincial and CMA estimates used in this application are seasonally adjusted, 3-month moving averages. Labour Force Survey data at the provincial level published each month in The Daily are seasonally adjusted monthly estimates.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2017002
    Description:

    This web application provides access to Statistics Canada’s Labour Market Indicators for Canada, by province, territory and economic region (ER). This dynamic application allows users to view a snapshot of key labour market indicators, observe geographical rankings for each indicator using an interactive map and table, and easily copy data into other programs. The provincial and ER estimates used in this application from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) are three-month moving averages, unadjusted for seasonality. The provincial, territorial and ER estimates used in this application from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) are quarterly data, unadjusted for seasonality. Historical estimates are available in this application, with data going back 10 years for the LFS and from the first quarter of 2016 for JVWS.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Market Observatory consists of interactive data visualization applications showcasing the vast amount of publicly available labour market information. The fully interactive applications allow Canadians to quickly and easily personalize the information in a way that is relevant to them and their interests.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Public use microdata: 71M0001X
    Description:

    This public use microdata file (PUMF) contains non-aggregated data for a wide variety of variables collected from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS collects monthly information on the labour market activities of Canada's working age population. This product is for users who prefer to do their own analysis by focusing on specific subgroups in the population or by cross-classifying variables that are not in our catalogued products.

    This is a monthly file, and is available going back to 1976.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0017-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0001)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0017-02
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group. Data are presented for 24 months earlier, 12 months earlier and current month, as well as 24-month and year-over-year level change and percentage change.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0019-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0003)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by educational attainment, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0021-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0005)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate by type of student during school months, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07
Data (295)

Data (295) (0 to 10 of 295 results)

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This interactive visualization application provides a comprehensive picture of the Canadian labour market using the most recent Labour Force Survey data available. The estimates are seasonally adjusted and available by province, sex, age group and industry. Historical estimates, going back 5 years, are also included for monthly employment changes and unemployment rates. The interactive application allows users to quickly and easily explore and personalize the information presented. Combine multiple provinces, sexes and age groups to create your own labour market domains of interest.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2017001
    Description:

    This web application provides access to Statistics Canada’s Labour Market Indicators for Canada, by province and by census metropolitan area. This dynamic application allows users to view geographical rankings for each labour market indicator and to create quick and easy reports with interactive maps and charts that can be easily copied into other programs. All provincial and CMA estimates used in this application are seasonally adjusted, 3-month moving averages. Labour Force Survey data at the provincial level published each month in The Daily are seasonally adjusted monthly estimates.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2017002
    Description:

    This web application provides access to Statistics Canada’s Labour Market Indicators for Canada, by province, territory and economic region (ER). This dynamic application allows users to view a snapshot of key labour market indicators, observe geographical rankings for each indicator using an interactive map and table, and easily copy data into other programs. The provincial and ER estimates used in this application from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) are three-month moving averages, unadjusted for seasonality. The provincial, territorial and ER estimates used in this application from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) are quarterly data, unadjusted for seasonality. Historical estimates are available in this application, with data going back 10 years for the LFS and from the first quarter of 2016 for JVWS.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Market Observatory consists of interactive data visualization applications showcasing the vast amount of publicly available labour market information. The fully interactive applications allow Canadians to quickly and easily personalize the information in a way that is relevant to them and their interests.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Public use microdata: 71M0001X
    Description:

    This public use microdata file (PUMF) contains non-aggregated data for a wide variety of variables collected from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS collects monthly information on the labour market activities of Canada's working age population. This product is for users who prefer to do their own analysis by focusing on specific subgroups in the population or by cross-classifying variables that are not in our catalogued products.

    This is a monthly file, and is available going back to 1976.

    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0017-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0001)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0017-02
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by sex and detailed age group. Data are presented for 24 months earlier, 12 months earlier and current month, as well as 24-month and year-over-year level change and percentage change.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0019-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0003)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and not in the labour force, unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate, by educational attainment, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0021-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0005)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Unemployment rate, participation rate, and employment rate by type of student during school months, sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Table: 14-10-0022-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 282-0007)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Number of persons in the labour force (employment and unemployment) and unemployment rate, by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), sex and age group, last 5 months.
    Release date: 2021-05-07
Analysis (210)

Analysis (210) (0 to 10 of 210 results)

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20211273587
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2021-05-07

  • Stats in brief: 45-28-0001202100100012
    Description:

    To what extent are teleworkers more or less productive now relative to when they were at their usual place of work? For those who are less productive, what are the main barriers to productivity? Once the pandemic is over, how many Canadians would prefer to work most of their hours at home or outside the home?

    Answers to these questions are crucial to inform discussions about the sustainability of telework in a post COVID-19 context.

    To shed light on these questions, this study uses the supplement to the Labour Force Survey of February 2021.

    Release date: 2021-04-01

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X202109129663
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2021-04-01

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2021025
    Description:

    This infographic highlights a selection of statistics on restaurants, bars and caterers in Canada.

    Release date: 2021-03-25

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2021002
    Description:

    Statistics Canada has undertaken a broad range of initiatives designed to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians. This update extends earlier, experimental research into monthly family income trends of Canadians over the pandemic period. The approach integrates weekly earnings available from the Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) together with information specific to government transfers including special COVID-19 benefits collected through administrative data sources and imputation. This update incorporates additional sources of data, and accounts for new pandemic relief programs introduced after September 2020. Population coverage is improved, and experimental estimates are updated and extended through December 2020. The paper describes the data sources used, estimation strategies employed, limitations, and potential future developments.

    Release date: 2021-03-23

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X202105529023
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2021-02-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100100001
    Description:

    The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the economy in extraordinary ways. Statistics Canada has developed new information sources to measure its impacts on businesses and workers. This article highlights the latest findings from new datasets on monthly business openings and closures and on businesses conditions, as well as supplementary analysis from the Labour Force Survey low-wage employees.

    Release date: 2021-01-27

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100100004
    Description:

    In recent years, technological advancements in artificial intelligence and machine learning have broadened the realm of tasks that have the potential to be accomplished through automation technology. Consequently, these developments have raised questions about the future of work. Debate on this issue has focused primarily on the risk of job loss attributable to automation, with less attention given to how automation may change the nature of workers’ jobs. This study employs a task-based approach that shifts the focus from job replacement to changes in the nature of Canadians’ work. This approach views occupations as a set of tasks, allowing researchers to assess the effects of automation in the context of changes in occupational tasks.

    Release date: 2021-01-27

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100100005
    Description:

    Around the world, one critical response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been the implementation of physical distancing measures. These policies, which are necessary to contain the spread of the virus, have had serious consequences on the organization of work. This study used the Labour Force Survey (LFS), which makes it possible to compare the estimates of the hours worked in an employee’s main job in 2020 with the 2017-to-2019 average of hours worked (hereafter referred to as the “baseline”). The main contribution of the article is that it provides estimates of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic not only by industry and province but also by firm size, which is an important dimension more rarely discussed.

    Release date: 2021-01-27

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2020004
    Description:

    Statistics Canada has undertaken a broad range of initiatives designed to understand the impacts of COVID-19 on Canadians. This research paper highlights experimental methods designed to measure the impact of the pandemic on month-by-month family income trends of Canadians long before detailed annual statistics become available. The approach integrates weekly earnings available from the Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) together with information specific to government transfers including special COVID-19 benefits collected through administrative data sources and imputation. The objective is to shed light on the impact of labour market disruptions on Canadians and their families and the extent to which emergency benefits introduced by the government offset these disruptions. This paper describes the data sources used, estimation strategies employed, initial results, limitations, and potential future developments.

    Release date: 2020-12-18
Reference (12)

Reference (12) (0 to 10 of 12 results)

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 81-582-G
    Description:

    This handbook complements the tables of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). It is a guide that provides general descriptions for each indicator and indicator component. PCEIP has five broad indicator sets: a portrait of the school-age population; financing education systems; elementary and secondary education; postsecondary education; and transitions and outcomes.

    The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) is a joint venture of Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada.

    Release date: 2021-03-19

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X2021001
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates in January 2021. Some of these modifications include the adjustment of all LFS estimates to reflect population counts based on the 2016 Census and includes updates to 2016 Geography classification system.

    Release date: 2021-01-25

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates.

    Release date: 2021-01-25

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71-543-G
    Description:

    The Guide to the Labour Force Survey contains a dictionary of concepts and definitions and covers topics such as survey methodology, data collection, data processing and data quality. It also contains information on products and services, sub-provincial geography descriptions as well as the survey questionnaire.

    Release date: 2020-04-09

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75-005-M2019001
    Description:

    The production of statistics from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) involves many activities, one of which is data processing. This step involves the verification and correction of survey data when required in order to produce microdata files. Beginning in January 2019, LFS processing will be transitioned to a new system, the Social Survey Processing Environment. This document describes the development and testing that preceded the implementation of the new system, and demonstrates that the transition is expected to have minimal impact on LFS estimates and be transparent to users of LFS data.

    Release date: 2019-02-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 73-506-G
    Description:

    The Guide to Employment Insurance Statistics (EIS) summarizes the survey methodology and data source and includes a dictionary of concepts and definitions used by the program.

    Release date: 2018-10-18

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71-526-X
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the official source of monthly estimates of total employment and unemployment. Following the 2011 census, the LFS underwent a sample redesign to account for the evolution of the population and labour market characteristics, to adjust to changes in the information needs and to update the geographical information used to carry out the survey. The redesign program following the 2011 census culminated with the introduction of a new sample at the beginning of 2015. This report is a reference on the methodological aspects of the LFS, covering stratification, sampling, collection, processing, weighting, estimation, variance estimation and data quality.

    Release date: 2017-12-21

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75-005-M2016001
    Description:

    In over 70 years, the methodology and questionnaire, as well as the collection and processing techniques of the Canadian Labour Force Survey have undergone major changes. This document summarizes these changes chronologically and provides references to more detailed information sources. Among the most significant changes were two questionnaire redesigns, which occurred approximately 20 years apart, in 1976 and 1997.

    Release date: 2017-01-06

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71-544-X
    Description:

    This catalogue briefly describes all Labour Force Survey products offered on a monthly, annual and occasional basis. It includes products, uses, general release dates, formats available and prices, as well as special request services and Internet services. It also introduces any changes to products.

    Release date: 2012-07-06

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X2011001
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates in January 2011. Some of these modifications include the adjustment of all LFS estimates to reflect population counts based on the 2006 Census and updates to industry, occupation and geography classification systems.

    Release date: 2011-01-28
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