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    All (899)

    All (899) (0 to 10 of 899 results)

    • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2020001
      Description:

      This paper describes the changes in the methodology for measuring the air transportation index.

      Release date: 2020-01-22

    • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2020001
      Description:

      This paper reviews alternative measures of income mixing within geographic units and applies them using geographically detailed income data derived from tax records. It highlights the characteristics of these measures, particularly their ease of interpretation and their suitability to decomposition across different levels of analysis, from neighbourhoods to individual apartment buildings. The discussion focuses on three measures: the dissimilarity index, the information theory index and the divergence index (D-index). Particular emphasis is placed on the D-index because it most effectively describes how income distributions at the sub-metropolitan level (e.g., neighbourhoods) differ from distributions at the metropolitan level (i.e., how much income sorting occurs across neighbourhoods). Furthermore, the D-index can consistently measure the contributions of income sorting within neighbourhoods (e.g., across individual apartment buildings) to the degree of income mixing at the neighbourhood and metropolitan scales.

      Release date: 2020-01-21

    • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020002
      Description:

      Labour productivity growth in the business sector in Canada started to decline in 2000, from 2.3% per year in the period from 1991 to 2000 to 1.0% per year in the period from 2000 to 2015. This paper examines how innovation, innovation diffusion across firms, and business dynamism affected the productivity slowdown.

      Release date: 2020-01-17

    • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000100001
      Description:

      This study uses the 1996 and 2011 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts (CanCHECs), with a five-year mortality follow-up, to estimate the life expectancy (LE) of the household population. It also incorporates information from two national health surveys to estimate health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE). The objectives of this study are to examine LE, HALE and disparities in LE and HALE in the 1996 and 2011 cohorts at ages 25 and 65 for men and women, according to highest level of educational attainment and household income quintile; to examine these disparities according to the combination of education and income in the 2011 cohort; and to examine how education- and income-related disparities in LE and HALE changed over time.

      Release date: 2020-01-15

    • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000100002
      Description:

      Using data from the Canadian Cancer Registry, this study examines thyroid cancer (TC) incidence from 1992 to 2016. It presents sex-specific incidence estimates according to age, histology and province for the most recent five-year period (2012 to 2016), and examines changes in rates over the entire period. These findings are supplemented with similar information on TC mortality and five-year net survival.

      Release date: 2020-01-15

    • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020003
      Description:

      From the early 2000s to the mid-2010s, the number of employees in manufacturing fell by roughly half a million in Canada. During that period, the percentage of Canadian men aged 21 to 55 employed mainly full time for at least 48 weeks in a given year fell by 5 percentage points, from 63.6% in 2000 to 58.6% in 2015. This study investigates whether the two trends are connected, i.e., whether the decline in manufacturing employment caused a decline in employment rates and wages among men.

      Release date: 2020-01-15

    • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019021
      Description:

      Canada was the first country to introduce private sponsorship, and the program has played a key role in the country’s responses to international refugee crises over the last four decades. Private sponsorship has been regarded as a promising policy option for other major Western countries in their commitments to refugee resettlement. However, empirical evidence regarding the economic outcomes of refugee private sponsorship is notably limited. To fill this gap, this paper examined the long-term economic outcomes of privately sponsored refugees (PSRs) with various human capital levels in Canada. It addressed two questions. First, how do the economic outcomes of PSRs compare with those of government-assisted refugees (GARs) in the initial resettlement period and over the longer term? Second, do the economic outcomes of PSRs vary by the refugees’ initial levels of human capital (official language skills and education)?

      Release date: 2020-01-13

    • Articles and reports: 75-006-X202000100001
      Description:

      Many Canadians are providing care or help to someone with a long-term health condition, a physical or mental disability, or problems related to aging. Support given to caregivers may help alleviate potential economic and health-related implications of caregiving. This study uses the 2018 General Social Survey - Caregiving and Care Receiving (Cycle 32) to examine the types of support provided to caregivers. It also examines the relationship between unmet support needs and some indicators of well-being.

      Release date: 2020-01-08

    • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2019014
      Description:

      The Market Basket Measure includes a dimension that defines a family's disposable income. This discussion paper describes considerations for updating the disposable income component and changes to the methodology used for its determination.

      Release date: 2019-12-20

    • Articles and reports: 16-002-X201900100001
      Description:

      The manner in which Canadians conduct their daily activities can have a profound impact on their surroundings thereby compelling them to adapt their practices to be less harmful to the environment. This is even more of a reality for Canadian businesses as their operations are significant contributors to the amount of pollution and environmental pressures generated each year in Canada. For this reason, it is important to monitor the amount and the type of environmental protection that Canadian industry has undertaken over the years. The article highlights expenditures made by Canadian industry to protect the environment from industrial activities between 2006 and 2016. The main data source for this paper is the Environmental Protection Expenditures Survey (EPES), which is conducted every two years. Several graphs and a summary of findings are included.

      Release date: 2019-12-18
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    Analysis (899)

    Analysis (899) (0 to 10 of 899 results)

    • Articles and reports: 62F0014M2020001
      Description:

      This paper describes the changes in the methodology for measuring the air transportation index.

      Release date: 2020-01-22

    • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2020001
      Description:

      This paper reviews alternative measures of income mixing within geographic units and applies them using geographically detailed income data derived from tax records. It highlights the characteristics of these measures, particularly their ease of interpretation and their suitability to decomposition across different levels of analysis, from neighbourhoods to individual apartment buildings. The discussion focuses on three measures: the dissimilarity index, the information theory index and the divergence index (D-index). Particular emphasis is placed on the D-index because it most effectively describes how income distributions at the sub-metropolitan level (e.g., neighbourhoods) differ from distributions at the metropolitan level (i.e., how much income sorting occurs across neighbourhoods). Furthermore, the D-index can consistently measure the contributions of income sorting within neighbourhoods (e.g., across individual apartment buildings) to the degree of income mixing at the neighbourhood and metropolitan scales.

      Release date: 2020-01-21

    • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020002
      Description:

      Labour productivity growth in the business sector in Canada started to decline in 2000, from 2.3% per year in the period from 1991 to 2000 to 1.0% per year in the period from 2000 to 2015. This paper examines how innovation, innovation diffusion across firms, and business dynamism affected the productivity slowdown.

      Release date: 2020-01-17

    • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000100001
      Description:

      This study uses the 1996 and 2011 Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts (CanCHECs), with a five-year mortality follow-up, to estimate the life expectancy (LE) of the household population. It also incorporates information from two national health surveys to estimate health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE). The objectives of this study are to examine LE, HALE and disparities in LE and HALE in the 1996 and 2011 cohorts at ages 25 and 65 for men and women, according to highest level of educational attainment and household income quintile; to examine these disparities according to the combination of education and income in the 2011 cohort; and to examine how education- and income-related disparities in LE and HALE changed over time.

      Release date: 2020-01-15

    • Articles and reports: 82-003-X202000100002
      Description:

      Using data from the Canadian Cancer Registry, this study examines thyroid cancer (TC) incidence from 1992 to 2016. It presents sex-specific incidence estimates according to age, histology and province for the most recent five-year period (2012 to 2016), and examines changes in rates over the entire period. These findings are supplemented with similar information on TC mortality and five-year net survival.

      Release date: 2020-01-15

    • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2020003
      Description:

      From the early 2000s to the mid-2010s, the number of employees in manufacturing fell by roughly half a million in Canada. During that period, the percentage of Canadian men aged 21 to 55 employed mainly full time for at least 48 weeks in a given year fell by 5 percentage points, from 63.6% in 2000 to 58.6% in 2015. This study investigates whether the two trends are connected, i.e., whether the decline in manufacturing employment caused a decline in employment rates and wages among men.

      Release date: 2020-01-15

    • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019021
      Description:

      Canada was the first country to introduce private sponsorship, and the program has played a key role in the country’s responses to international refugee crises over the last four decades. Private sponsorship has been regarded as a promising policy option for other major Western countries in their commitments to refugee resettlement. However, empirical evidence regarding the economic outcomes of refugee private sponsorship is notably limited. To fill this gap, this paper examined the long-term economic outcomes of privately sponsored refugees (PSRs) with various human capital levels in Canada. It addressed two questions. First, how do the economic outcomes of PSRs compare with those of government-assisted refugees (GARs) in the initial resettlement period and over the longer term? Second, do the economic outcomes of PSRs vary by the refugees’ initial levels of human capital (official language skills and education)?

      Release date: 2020-01-13

    • Articles and reports: 75-006-X202000100001
      Description:

      Many Canadians are providing care or help to someone with a long-term health condition, a physical or mental disability, or problems related to aging. Support given to caregivers may help alleviate potential economic and health-related implications of caregiving. This study uses the 2018 General Social Survey - Caregiving and Care Receiving (Cycle 32) to examine the types of support provided to caregivers. It also examines the relationship between unmet support needs and some indicators of well-being.

      Release date: 2020-01-08

    • Articles and reports: 75F0002M2019014
      Description:

      The Market Basket Measure includes a dimension that defines a family's disposable income. This discussion paper describes considerations for updating the disposable income component and changes to the methodology used for its determination.

      Release date: 2019-12-20

    • Articles and reports: 16-002-X201900100001
      Description:

      The manner in which Canadians conduct their daily activities can have a profound impact on their surroundings thereby compelling them to adapt their practices to be less harmful to the environment. This is even more of a reality for Canadian businesses as their operations are significant contributors to the amount of pollution and environmental pressures generated each year in Canada. For this reason, it is important to monitor the amount and the type of environmental protection that Canadian industry has undertaken over the years. The article highlights expenditures made by Canadian industry to protect the environment from industrial activities between 2006 and 2016. The main data source for this paper is the Environmental Protection Expenditures Survey (EPES), which is conducted every two years. Several graphs and a summary of findings are included.

      Release date: 2019-12-18
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