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Seniors in Canada

A Portrait of Seniors in Canada

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Demographic trends and the geography of aging
Health, wellness and security
Continuous learning, work and participation in society
Supporting and caring in the community
Leisure and outlook on life
Aboriginal seniors in Canada
Immigrant seniors

Chapter 1. Demographic trends and the geography of aging

In this chapter, we provide an overview of population aging in Canada along three dimensions: How many? Where? and Who? We first examine how many seniors there are in Canada and how many there are projected to be in the decades ahead. Next, we examine the geographic distribution of seniors across provinces and urban and rural areas, and the extent to which cities and towns are aging. And finally, we consider the composition of Canada 's seniors in terms of immigration status, language and ethnicity. More >>

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Chapter 2. Health, wellness and security

All chapters of this report deal, in one way or another, with seniors' well-being. However, the three dimensions highlighted in this chapter are particularly crucial elements to seniors' quality of life. More >>

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Chapter 3. Continuous learning, work and participation in society

One of the fundamental characteristics that will distinguish the next generation of seniors from the current one is its higher level of educational attainment. During the 1960s, access to post-secondary education became easier for a much broader range of people. With the first baby boomers now entering their sixties, the proportion of seniors with a university degree or some post-secondary credentials will increase significantly. Section 3.1 of this chapter documents these important changes which are already altering the educational profile of seniors and which will intensify in the future. More >>

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Chapter 4. Supporting and caring in the community

This chapter is about the various social interactions that seniors have with the people they live with, the members of their social networks, the people in their communities, and with society more generally. Reflecting the reciprocal nature of most social relationships, two facets of these interactions are presented. First, information is presented about the persons and the organizations contributing to seniors' well-being by providing care, companionship and support (which persons and organizations? What type of help? How often they contribute?). Secondly, the various ways in which seniors contribute to the well-being of their families, relatives, friends and communities are also illuminated. More >>

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Chapter 5. Leisure and outlook on life

As stated in the Introduction, some aspects of seniors' lives were more difficult than others to incorporate within the National Framework on Aging. These dimensions are discussed in this chapter. More >>

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Chapter 6. Aboriginal seniors in Canada

Seniors are revered in many Aboriginal cultures for their knowledge and experiences, and the integral role that they play in the vitality and well-being of their families, communities and nations. Aboriginal people turn to Elders as key sources of traditional knowledge, wisdom and cultural continuity. Since Aboriginal people comprise a very young population compared to non-Aboriginal people, analytical focus often comes to rest on Aboriginal youth. This chapter, by contrast, will examine the characteristics of Aboriginal seniors across Canada, including selected demographic trends, culture and language, continuous learning, work and participation in society, living arrangements and housing, and health and well-being. More >>

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Chapter 7. Immigrant seniors

In Canada, immigrants represent a considerably large group among seniors. In 2001, some 29% of individuals aged 65 to 74 and 28% of those aged 75 to 84 were immigrants, that is, they were not born in Canada and/or did not have Canadian citizen at birth. By comparison, immigrants accounted for about 17% of the non-senior population in 2001. More >>

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Date modified: 2007-02-27 Important Notices