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Seniors in Canada

A Portrait of Seniors in Canada

89-519-XWE
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Chapter 1. Demographic trends and the geography of aging
Chapter 2. Health, wellness and security
Chapter 3. Continuous learning, work and participation in society
Chapter 4. Supporting and caring in the community
Chapter 5. Leisure and outlook on life
Chapter 6. Aboriginal seniors in Canada
Chapter 7. Immigrant seniors

Chapter 1. Demographic trends and the geography of aging

Table 1.1 Projections of the population, 2006 to 2056, by age group, low-growth, moderate-growth and high-growth scenarios

Table 1.2 Percentage and number of seniors in the population, by province and territory, 2005

Table 1.3 Projections of the share of the population comprised of seniors, by province and territory, medium growth and medium interprovincial migration, 2011 to 2031

Table 1.4 Distribution of seniors and non-seniors across the provinces and territories, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2005 and projection for 2026

Table 1.5 Distribution of seniors across the rural to urban spectrum, by age group, Canada, 2001

Table 1.6 Changes in the share of the population comprised of seniors in 25 CMAs, 1986, 1996 and 2004

Table 1.7 Cities and towns experiencing a 'significant' increase in the share of the population comprised of seniors: Selected demographic characteristics, 1991 to 2001

Table 1.8 Selected characteristics associated with residential mobility among non-institutionalized seniors, Canada, 2001

Table 1.9 Mobility among renters and owners, by age group, 1981 to 2001

Table 1.10 Residential mobility patterns among seniors who changed addresses in the previous five years, by age group, 2001

Table 1.11 Immigrant status and period of immigration for seniors and non-seniors, by age group, 2001

Table 1.12 Place of birth, by age group, 1981 to 2001

Table 1.13 Immigrant seniors in Canada, by province and period of arrival, 2001

Table 1.14 Visible minorities in the population, by age group, 1981, 1991 and 2001

Table 1.15 Age distribution, by Aboriginal identity group and age group, 2001

Table 1.16 Aboriginal population, by province and territory, 2001

Table 1.17 Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal People, by age group and area of residence, 2001

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Chapter 2. Health, wellness and security

Table 2.1.1 Life expectancy at birth and at age 65, 1921 to 2002

Table 2.1.2 Life expectancy, abridged life-table, three year average, 1997 and 2001

Table 2.1.3 Mortality rates per 1,000 population, 1991, 1996 and 2002

Table 2.1.4 Death rates per 100,000 among people aged 65 and over from selected causes, 2000 to 2002

Table 2.1.5 Cancer death rates (per 100,000) among people aged 65 and over, by type of cancer, age group and sex, 2000 to 2002

Table 2.1.6 Number of new cases of selected cancers per 100,000 people aged 60 and over, by age group and sex, 2001

Table 2.1.7 Percentage of persons reporting self-perceived health, by age group and sex, 1994/95 and 2003

Table 2.1.8 Prevalence of chronic conditions, by age group and sex, 2003

Table 2.1.9 Percentage of persons reporting needing help for daily activities, by age group, 1994/95 and 2003

Table 2.1.10 Percentage of persons with various health problems, by age group, 2002

Table 2.1.11 Self-rated level of stress, by age group and sex, 2002

Table 2.1.12 Score on the mastery scale, by age group, 2003

Table 2.1.13 Percentage of persons who are active, moderately active or inactive, by age group, 2003

Table 2.1.14 Percentage of persons who are active, moderately active or inactive, by provinces and age group, 2003

Table 2.1.15 Percentage of persons who are smokers, by age group and sex, 1994/95 and 2003

Table 2.1.16 Percentage of persons who are drinkers, by age group and sex, 1994/95 and 2003

Table 2.1.17 Percentage of persons who are heavy drinkers, by level of education and age group, 2003

Table 2.1.18 Percentage of persons with a regular medical doctor, by age group and province, 2003

Table 2.1.19 Frequency of medical doctor consultations in the past 12 months, by age group and sex, 2003

Table 2.1.20 Percentage of persons who consulted various types of health professionals in the past 12 months, 2003

Table 2.1.21 Percentage of persons who said they were covered by insurance, by age group and sex, 2003

Table 2.1.22 Percentage of seniors, aged 65 and over who said they were covered by health insurances, by province, 2003

Table 2.1.23 Percentage of seniors who said they were covered by insurance, by level of income adequacy, 2003

Table 2.1.24 Health expenditure by age of reference person, 2003

Table 2.2.1 Average and median income received by seniors, by family type, Canada, selected years

Table 2.2.2 Median after-tax income among seniors, by family type and province, selected years

Table 2.2.3 Income characteristics of seniors, by sex and selected income sources, Canada, selected years

Table 2.2.4 Percent of persons in low-income, by age group, Canada, selected years

Table 2.2.5 Percent of seniors in low-income, by family type, Canada, selected years

Table 2.2.6 Percent of seniors in low income, by province, selected years

Table 2.2.7 Relative low-income rates among seniors from late 1970s to the end of the 1990s in eight nations

Table 2.2.8 Percentage of persons in low income, by number of years in low-income, 1993 to 1998 and 1996 to 2001

Table 2.2.9 Food insecurity, by age group, 2001

Table 2.2.10 Median wealth by selected characteristics, Canada, 1984 and 1999

Table 2.2.11 Housing tenure, by age of household primary maintainer, Canada, 1981, 1991 and 2001

Table 2.2.12 Income disbursement by age of reference person, Canada, 1982 and 2003

Table 2.2.13 Income disbursement by age of reference person, Canada, 1982 and 2003

Table 2.2.14 Recent retirees: Current financial position compared to the year prior to retirement, by selected characteristics, Canada, 2002

Table 2.3.1 Number and proportion of senior victims of violent crime by sex and relationship of accused to victim, reported to a subset of police departments, 2003

Table 2.3.2 Number and proportion of senior victims of violent crime by crime type and family, non-family relationship to accused, reported to a subset of police departments, 2003

Table 2.3.3 Percent of the population who were the victim of at least one crime in the previous year, by sex and age group, 1999 and 2004

Table 2.3.4 Perceptions of local police, by age group, 2004

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Chapter 3. Continuous learning, work and participation in society

Table 3.1.1 Distribution of Canadians across literacy skill levels, by age group, 2003

Table 3.1.2 Average annual number of hours of formal job-related training taken by training participants, by age group, 1997 and 2002

Table 3.1.3 Participation rate in employer-sponsored, formal job-related training, by age group, 1997 and 2002

Table 3.1.4 Participation rate in self-directed learning, by age group, 2002

Table 3.1.5 Individuals who had engaged in self-directed learning: Types of learning activities undertaken to develop job skills during a specified four-week period, 2002

Table 3.1.6 Reasons for unmet training needs or wants among workers with wants or needs, training participants and non-participants, Canada, 2002

Table 3.1.7 Workers who did not take training and who did not want or need training: Reasons why training was not wanted, Canada, 2002

Table 3.2.1 Labour force participation rates, by sex and age groups, 1976 to 2004

Table 3.2.2 Percentage of employed persons working on a part-time basis, by sex and age group, 1976 to 2004

Table 3.2.3 Persons employed part-time: Reasons for part-time employment, by sex and age group, 2004

Table 3.2.4 Percentage of paid employees working in a temporary job, by sex and age group, 1976 to 2004

Table 3.3.1 Reasons for retirement for recent retirees, by nature of retirement, age at retirement, and level of education, 2002

Table 3.3.2 Possible reasons that would encourage recent retirees to continue working, by sex, 2002

Table 3.3.3 Characteristics associated with enjoyment of life in retirement compared to the year before they retired, recent retirees, 2002

Table 3.3.4 Percentage of recent retirees who worked for pay after retirement, by socio-economic characteristics, 2002

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Chapter 4. Supporting and caring in the community

Table 4.1.1 Living arrangements of seniors, by age group, 1981 to 2001

Table 4.1.2 Living arrangements of seniors, by age group and sex, 2001

Table 4.1.3 Marital status, by age group, 1981 and 2001

Table 4.1.4 Percentage of people living common-law, by age group and province, 2001

Table 4.2.1 Percentage with no close friends and/or no other friends, 2003

Table 4.2.2 Social networks of seniors by type of living arrangement, 2003

Table 4.3.1 Persons who received help in the past month: type of help received, by age group, 2003

Table 4.3.2 Persons who provided help in the last month: type of help provided, by age group, 2003

Table 4.3.3 Giving rate and distribution of donations, by age group, 2004

Table 4.3.4 Percentage of seniors who received help because of a long-term health problem, by age group and sex, 2002

Table 4.3.5 Percentage of seniors who received care because of a long-term health problem, by presence of various health problems and age, 2002

Table 4.3.6 Characteristics of seniors who did not received care, of those who had unmet caregiving needs, and of those who received care, 2002

Table 4.3.7 Seniors who received care because of a long-term health problem: type of care received, by sex, 2002

Table 4.3.8 Seniors who received care because of a long-term health problem: informal and formal sources of help, 2002

Table 4.3.9 Seniors who received help because of a long-term health problem: social networks characteristics and informal/formal sources of help, 2002

Table 4.4.1 Percentage who were members or participants in an organization in the past 12 months, by age group and type of organization, 2003

Table 4.4.2 Volunteer rate and distribution of volunteer hours, by age group, 2004

Table 4.4.3 Reasons reported by non-volunteers for not volunteering, by age group, 2004

Table 4.5.1 Percentage of people who took part in political activity, by age group, 2003

Table 4.6.1 Percent reporting that they have a great deal or quite a lot of confidence in various institutions, by age group, 2003

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Chapter 5. Leisure and outlook on life

Table 5.2.1 Importance of spirituality in seniors' lives

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Chapter 6. Aboriginal seniors in Canada

Table 6.1 Aboriginal population 65 years and over, by province and territory, 2001

Table 6.2 Aboriginal language characteristics, Aboriginal identity population, 25 years and over, Canada, 2001

Table 6.3 Highest level of schooling, population 25 years and over, Canada, 2001

Table 6.4 Highest level of schooling, Aboriginal adults 25 years and over, by Aboriginal group and age group, Canada, 2001

Table 6.5 Participation rate, by age group, sex and Aboriginal group, Canada, 2001

Table 6.6 Unemployment rate, by age group, sex and Aboriginal group, Canada, 2001

Table 6.7 Work activity, by age group and Aboriginal group, Canada, 2001

Table 6.8 Median income, by sex, age group and Aboriginal group, Canada, 2001

Table 6.9 Family status of seniors 65 years and over, Canada, 2001

Table 6.10 Selected social support indicators, by age group, Aboriginal population 15 years and over, off reserve, Canada, 2001

Table 6.11 Percentage living in homes requiring major repairs, by Aboriginal group, age group and area of residence, Canada, 2001

Table 6.12 Persons in overcrowded homes, seniors 65 years and over, by Aboriginal groups, Canada, area of residence, 2001

Table 6.13 Percentage with selected chronic conditions, 65 years and over, off reserve Aboriginal population and total Canadian population, 2001

Table 6.14 Percentage with selected chronic conditions, North American Indian, Métis and Inuit populations, 65 years and over, off reserve, 2001

Table 6.15 Self rated health status by access to social supports, Aboriginal seniors 65 years and over, Canada, off reserve, 2001

Table 6.16 Type of drinker, by sex and age group, North American Indian population, off reserve, Canada, 2001

Table 6.17 Type of drinker, by sex and age group, Métis population, off reserve, Canada, 2001

Table 6.18 Consumption of alcohol in the previous 12 months, Inuit adults 25 years and over, Arctic regions, off reserve, 2001

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Chapter 7. Immigrant seniors

Table 7.1 Place of residence, by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2001

Table 7.2 Knowledge of official languages, by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2001

Table 7.3 Percentage of seniors who belong to a visible minority group, by immigrant status and province of residence, 1981 and 2001

Table 7.4 Self-rated health, by immigrant status and age group, 2003

Table 7.5 Prevalence of selected chronic conditions, by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2003

Table 7.6 Dependence upon other persons for daily activities, by immigrant status, 2003

Table 7.7 Percentage of persons who smoke, by immigrant status and age group, 2003

Table 7.8 Frequency of medical consultations in the past 12 months, by immigrant status and age group, 2003

Table 7.9 Percentage of individuals covered by insurance, by immigrant status and age group, 2003

Table 7.10 Percentage of seniors in low income, by economic family status, period of immigration and sex, 1980, 1990 and 2000

Table 7.11 Proportion of older Canadians who had never worked, by immigrant status and length of residence in Canada, 2001



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