Insights on Canadian Society

New facts on pension coverage in Canada

by Marie Drolet and René Morissette

Release date: December 18, 2014

This study examines the characteristics of Canadian workers aged 25 to 54 who are covered by defined benefit registered pension plans (RPPs) as well as those covered by defined contribution RPPs or hybrid plans. It does so by using new data from the Longitudinal and International Study of Adults (LISA), first conducted in 2012.

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Persons with disabilities and employment

by Martin Turcotte

Release date: December 3, 2014

This article provides information on the labour market participation of Canadians 25 to 64 years of age with a physical or mental disability related to seeing, hearing, mobility, flexibility, dexterity, pain, learning, development, psychological/mental disorders or memory. The factors associated with the employment participation of persons with disabilities are discussed, along with their job characteristics.

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University graduates with lower levels of literacy and numeracy skills

by Darcy Hango

Release date: November 4, 2014

This article examines the share of adults aged 25 to 65 with a university degree who were in the lower range for literacy skills, numeracy skills, or both, and the factors most likely to be associated with lower levels of literacy or numeracy among university graduates. In this article, individuals in the lower range for literacy and numeracy are defined as those who scored at level 2 or below (out of 5 levels) in tests administered to survey respondents who participated in the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC).

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Canadians with unmet home care needs

by Martin Turcotte

Release date: September 9, 2014

This article provides information on Canadians who require home care, but do not receive any (unmet needs), and on those who receive home care, but not enough (partially met needs). It also looks at the possible effects of a lack of help or care on a person’s well-being and mental health.

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The ups and downs of minimum wage

by Diane Galarneau and Eric Fecteau

Release date: July 16, 2014

This article provides information on the evolution of the minimum wage in Canada since 1975, the average hourly earnings, and the ratio between these two indicators. It also sheds light on the increase in the proportion of employees paid at the minimum wage between 1997 and 2013, as well as the characteristics of workers most likely to be paid at this minimum rate.

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The migration of infrastructure tradesperson

by Martin Turcotte and Jeremy Weeks

Release date: June 5, 2014

This study uses data from the 2011 National Household Survey to examine the migration patterns of ‘infrastructure tradespersons’ over the period from 2006 to 2011. In this study, infrastructure tradespersons are defined as Canadian residents aged 25 to 44 with a certification in trades and whose major field of study was in construction trades, mechanics and repair, precision production, or heavy equipment machinery/crane operation.

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Living arrangements of children in Canada: A century of change

by Nora Bohnert, Anne Milan and Heather Lathe

Release date: April 29, 2014

Over the last 100 years, Canada has experienced many social, economic, legislative, and cultural changes. As a result, the family circumstances and living arrangements of Canadians have evolved substantially. What can the census of population reveal about the changing diversity of children’s living arrangements over time?

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Overqualification among recent university graduates in Canada

by Sharanjit Uppal and Sébastien LaRochelle-Côté

Release date: April 2, 2014

Between 1991 and 2011, the share of young people with a university degree increased significantly, as did the share of young workers employed in professional occupations. Nevertheless, many young university degree holders could still be considered 'overqualified'—working in occupations requiring lower levels of education. In this article, changes in the overqualification among young graduates are examined over the period from 1991 to 2011.

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Changes in the occupational profile of young men and women in Canada

by Sharanjit Uppal and Sébastien LaRochelle-Côté

Release date: April 2, 2014

Between 1991 and 2011, the proportion of employed people aged 25 to 34 with a university degree rose from 19% to 40% among women, and from 17% to 27% among men. Given the increase in the proportion of university graduates, did the occupational profile of young workers change over the period? This article examines long-term changes in the occupation profiles of young men and women, for both those who did and did not have a university degree. Changes in the share of women employed in these occupations are also examined.

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Emerging trends in living arrangements and conjugal unions for current and future seniors

by Anne Milan, Irene Wong, Mireille Vézina

Release date: February 24, 2014

In the context of an aging population and increasingly diverse living arrangements for all age groups, this study uses data from the censuses of population and from the 2011 General Social Survey to examine the conjugal histories and living arrangements of current seniors (individuals aged 65 and over) and ʹfuture seniorsʹ (individuals aged 55 to 64).

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