Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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All (267) (0 to 10 of 267 results)

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999010
    Description:

    This second edition of R&D tax treatment in Canada: a provincial comparison, uses a method developed by the Conference Board of Canada to compare the tax incentives to do research and development (R&D) in each of the provinces. The results contribute to the analysis of regional differences in science and technology activity in Canada, as part of the work of the Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division of Statistics Canada.

    An example of a regional difference is the tax incentive to do R&D in a province. There is the federal Scientific Research and Experimental Development tax programme, which has regional variations. Six out of ten provinces have their own incentive programmes and tax rates which differ from province to province. The B-Index analysis of the Conference Board provides a means of comparing tax incentives and of providing an indicator.

    Release date: 1999-12-30

  • Articles and reports: 63F0002X1999027
    Description:

    Computer communications occur when someone connects a computer to a communications network to access information on the Internet, to send and receive e-mail, or to use electronic banking services. This article uses 1998 data to update previous estimates of the proportion of Canadian households regularly using computer communications, analyzing the relationships between usage and location of use, household income, and other demographic factors. The article also looks at the growth of household connectedness over the past year, as well as the time spent using computer communications from home for a variety of services that can be accessed through the Internet.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999008
    Description:

    This publication presents the national gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD) from 1988 to 1999 as well as the provincial GERD from 1988 to 1997. An additional series of tables showing research and development (R&D) expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1987, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1987, may be obtained from the Science and Innovation Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999009
    Description:

    This working paper presents the estimation procedures used to calculate the research and development (R&D) expenditures in the higher education sector for the year 1979-80 to 1997-98.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990107930
    Description:

    This service bulletin presents the geographic distribution of federal government science and technologyexpenditures. Data on federal government expenditures on science and technology are found in Volume 23,No. 5 of this publication, released in October, 1999. In both this and the earlier bulletin, science and technology (S&T) expenditure is the sum of expenditures on research and development (R&D) and on related scientific activities (RSA).

    Release date: 1999-12-23

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990097966
    Description:

    The statistics presented in this bulletin are derived from our latest survey of industrial research and development activities in Canada. The survey reports on the research and development spending intentions for 1999, the estimates for 1998 and the actual expenditures for 1997 of corporations performing research and development activities in Canada. In 1997, a decision was made to eliminate the short survey forms in favour of administrative data, in order to reduce the response burden.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X19990004852
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Fifteen years ago in this series, A. Romaniuc published a comprehensive study of how fertility in Canada had evolved over the century. It described the phenomenal increase of fertility in the postwar period, resulting in the baby boom. With the largest cohorts ever known in Canada, the baby boomers, by their numbers alone, will have left their mark on Canada's social, economic and political structure throughout their life cycle.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X19990004853
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    At the beginning of this century, a Canadian male could expect to live an average of 47 years and a Canadian female, 50 years. At that time, barely 38% of males and 44% of females reached the respectable age of 65 years. They could then expect to live for roughly another decade.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X19990004854
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    As the century draws to a close, there are many topics of interest involving Canada's aboriginal peoples: self-government, land claims, the environment, the criminal justice system, urbanization, the labour market, education, etc. However, one topic receives little attention but could have a major impact on how the others will develop: the demographic growth of aboriginal populations.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1999138
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In this paper, we assemble data from several household surveys to document how pension coverage of young and older workers has evolved in Canada between the mid-1980s and the mid-1990s. Our main findings are the following. First, both administrative data from the Pension Plans in Canada (PPIC) database and data from household surveys show an increase in RPP coverage for women. In contrast, while PPIC data show a decrease in coverage for men, household surveys indicate no downward trend for males. Second, sample aggregates hide interesting differences within the population. We find that the pension coverage of young workers (aged 25-34) has declined relative to older workers (aged 35-54). Young males have experienced a decline in coverage while RPP coverage has remained fairly stable for older men. In contrast, pension coverage has remained fairly constant for young women but has risen substantially for older women. Third, the decline in unionism and shifts towards industries with low-coverage explain most of the decrease in coverage observed among young men. Fourth, the growth in older women's coverage appears to be the result of their greater propensity to be employed in highly paid/highly covered occupations.

    Release date: 1999-12-22
Stats in brief (13)

Stats in brief (13) (0 to 10 of 13 results)

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990107930
    Description:

    This service bulletin presents the geographic distribution of federal government science and technologyexpenditures. Data on federal government expenditures on science and technology are found in Volume 23,No. 5 of this publication, released in October, 1999. In both this and the earlier bulletin, science and technology (S&T) expenditure is the sum of expenditures on research and development (R&D) and on related scientific activities (RSA).

    Release date: 1999-12-23

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990097966
    Description:

    The statistics presented in this bulletin are derived from our latest survey of industrial research and development activities in Canada. The survey reports on the research and development spending intentions for 1999, the estimates for 1998 and the actual expenditures for 1997 of corporations performing research and development activities in Canada. In 1997, a decision was made to eliminate the short survey forms in favour of administrative data, in order to reduce the response burden.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Stats in brief: 13-604-M1999036
    Description:

    Recent economic trends, including expanding globalization of trade (as evidenced by new trade agreements), volatility in market exchange rates, and greater interest in international comparisons of real income and productivity are generating increased interest in intercountry comparisons. These comparisons are made in real terms derived from purchasing power parities (PPPs). In Canada, a particularly important relationship with the United States focusses attention on US/Canada comparative price and volume measures. This article includes updated annual bilateral volume indexes of real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and its components for the United States, compared with Canada, and the associated PPPs.

    Release date: 1999-11-30

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990087967
    Description:

    This release provides data on the research and development activities of the private non-profit sector.

    Release date: 1999-11-26

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990077968
    Description:

    The Higher Education sector is composed of all universities, colleges of technology and other institutes of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status.

    Release date: 1999-11-24

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990067969
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The estimate for research and development in the higher education sector has been revised.

    Release date: 1999-11-16

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990057970
    Description:

    This Bulletin provides recent information on the performance and funding of Federal Government Expenditures on Scientific Activities, 1999-2000.

    Release date: 1999-10-29

  • Stats in brief: 56-001-X19990025192
    Description:

    This report is an advance of selected data from the 1997 Annual Survey of Telecommunications Service Providers. This newly redesigned survey serves to measure the telecommunications industry's financial performance as well as aspects of network infrastructure and connectedness.

    Release date: 1999-08-20

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990047980
    Description:

    This is the first time Statistics Canada has published an estimate of health research and development spending in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-07-30

  • Stats in brief: 88-001-X19990037981
    Description:

    The statistics presented in this bulletin are derived from our latest survey of industrial Research and development activities in Canada. The survey reports on the research and development spending intentions for 1998, the estimates for 1997 and the actual expenditures for 1996 of corporations performing research and development activities in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-06-30
Articles and reports (223)

Articles and reports (223) (0 to 10 of 223 results)

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999010
    Description:

    This second edition of R&D tax treatment in Canada: a provincial comparison, uses a method developed by the Conference Board of Canada to compare the tax incentives to do research and development (R&D) in each of the provinces. The results contribute to the analysis of regional differences in science and technology activity in Canada, as part of the work of the Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division of Statistics Canada.

    An example of a regional difference is the tax incentive to do R&D in a province. There is the federal Scientific Research and Experimental Development tax programme, which has regional variations. Six out of ten provinces have their own incentive programmes and tax rates which differ from province to province. The B-Index analysis of the Conference Board provides a means of comparing tax incentives and of providing an indicator.

    Release date: 1999-12-30

  • Articles and reports: 63F0002X1999027
    Description:

    Computer communications occur when someone connects a computer to a communications network to access information on the Internet, to send and receive e-mail, or to use electronic banking services. This article uses 1998 data to update previous estimates of the proportion of Canadian households regularly using computer communications, analyzing the relationships between usage and location of use, household income, and other demographic factors. The article also looks at the growth of household connectedness over the past year, as well as the time spent using computer communications from home for a variety of services that can be accessed through the Internet.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999008
    Description:

    This publication presents the national gross domestic expenditures on research and development (GERD) from 1988 to 1999 as well as the provincial GERD from 1988 to 1997. An additional series of tables showing research and development (R&D) expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1987, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1987, may be obtained from the Science and Innovation Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X1999009
    Description:

    This working paper presents the estimation procedures used to calculate the research and development (R&D) expenditures in the higher education sector for the year 1979-80 to 1997-98.

    Release date: 1999-12-24

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X19990004852
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Fifteen years ago in this series, A. Romaniuc published a comprehensive study of how fertility in Canada had evolved over the century. It described the phenomenal increase of fertility in the postwar period, resulting in the baby boom. With the largest cohorts ever known in Canada, the baby boomers, by their numbers alone, will have left their mark on Canada's social, economic and political structure throughout their life cycle.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X19990004853
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    At the beginning of this century, a Canadian male could expect to live an average of 47 years and a Canadian female, 50 years. At that time, barely 38% of males and 44% of females reached the respectable age of 65 years. They could then expect to live for roughly another decade.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 91-209-X19990004854
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    As the century draws to a close, there are many topics of interest involving Canada's aboriginal peoples: self-government, land claims, the environment, the criminal justice system, urbanization, the labour market, education, etc. However, one topic receives little attention but could have a major impact on how the others will develop: the demographic growth of aboriginal populations.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1999138
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In this paper, we assemble data from several household surveys to document how pension coverage of young and older workers has evolved in Canada between the mid-1980s and the mid-1990s. Our main findings are the following. First, both administrative data from the Pension Plans in Canada (PPIC) database and data from household surveys show an increase in RPP coverage for women. In contrast, while PPIC data show a decrease in coverage for men, household surveys indicate no downward trend for males. Second, sample aggregates hide interesting differences within the population. We find that the pension coverage of young workers (aged 25-34) has declined relative to older workers (aged 35-54). Young males have experienced a decline in coverage while RPP coverage has remained fairly stable for older men. In contrast, pension coverage has remained fairly constant for young women but has risen substantially for older women. Third, the decline in unionism and shifts towards industries with low-coverage explain most of the decrease in coverage observed among young men. Fourth, the growth in older women's coverage appears to be the result of their greater propensity to be employed in highly paid/highly covered occupations.

    Release date: 1999-12-22

  • Articles and reports: 85-002-X19990138307
    Geography: Province or territory, Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This report measures the scope of violent crime by female and male youths at the national and provincial levels and in selected metropolitan areas, determines the degree of change observed between 1988 and 1998, identifies the characteristics of violent crime by youths and compares it to that of adults, and creates a portrait of violent young offenders (male and female) and their victims. To this end, police-reported data from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey have been used.

    Release date: 1999-12-21

  • Articles and reports: 75F0002M1999007
    Description:

    This report presents an update to the results from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) and the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) for a variety of important time series and it compares the estimates from the two sources.

    Release date: 1999-12-20
Journals and periodicals (31)

Journals and periodicals (31) (0 to 10 of 31 results)

  • Journals and periodicals: 88-518-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The food-processing industry benefits from a wide a range of new advanced technologies. Technological advances include computer-based information and control systems, as well as sophisticated processing and packaging methods that enhance product quality, improve food safety and reduce costs. Continuous quality improvement and benchmarking are examples of related business practices.

    This study examines the use of advanced technologies in the food-processing industry. It focuses not just on the incidence and intensity of use of these new technologies but also on the way technology relates to overall firm strategy. It also examines how technology use is affected by selected industry structural characteristics and how the adoption of technologies affects the performance of firms. It considers as well how the environment influences technological change. The nature and structure of the industry are shown to condition the competitive environment, the business strategies that are pursued, product characteristics and the role of technology.

    Firms make strategic choices in light of technological opportunities and the risks and opportunities provided by their competitive environments. They implement strategies through appropriate business practices and activities, including the development of core competencies in the areas of marketing, production and human resources, as well as technology. Firms that differ in size and nationality choose to pursue different technological strategies. This study focuses on how these differences are reflected in the different use of technology for large and small establishments, for foreign and domestic plants and for plants in different industries.

    Release date: 1999-12-20

  • Journals and periodicals: 13-551-X
    Description:

    Low income cut-offs (LICOs) are intended to convey the income level at which a family may be in straitened circumstances because it has to spend a greater portion of its income on the basics (food, clothing and shelter) than does the average family of similar size. The LICOs vary by family size and by size of community.

    This publication provides a brief explanation of how the LICOs are derived and updated annually. In addition, it provides on a historical basis, LICOs for different family sizes by size of area of residence. LICOs are calculated based on the spending patterns of families on basic 'necessities' - food, shelter and clothing - as collected from the Survey of Household Spending (formerly referred to as the Family Expenditure Survey (FAMEX)).

    Release date: 1999-12-10

  • Journals and periodicals: 34-252-X
    Description:

    The latest issue contains the article "Has the Clothing Industry adapted to the changing economic environment?" by Yasmin Sheik. The clothing industry consists of establishments engaged in the production of men's, boys', women's, and children's wear as well as furs, foundation garments, hosiery, gloves, sweaters and occupational clothing.

    The clothing industry is labour intensive and requires only a limited number of special skills, and therefore it exists in almost every country in the world. In the past, developed countries, including Canada, restricted competition in this sector from low-wage developing countries by the imposition of country-specific import quotas. However, a change in trade policies has resulted in the reduction of trade barriers and increased competition. The Canadian Clothing and Textile industries now fall under the normal trading rules of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO) besides being part of the North American rationalization process under the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the United States and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with the U.S. and Mexico.

    Using data from the Annual Survey of Manufactures for 1988 to 1997, this paper will show how the Canadian Clothing Industry has adapted to the changing economic environment. It will also comment on the recent period of growth using the Monthly Survey of Manufacturing and other indicators.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 36-250-X
    Description:

    The most recent issue contains "An update on the paper and allied products industry" by Gilles Simard. After a prosperous 1994 and 1995, and the brutal fall in 1996, the Paper and Allied Products Industry experienced a less turbulent period during the last three years. Prices have been relatively stable reflecting the slack demand for goods produced by this industry. The Asian crisis afflicted the West coast wood pulp producers while the demand for newsprint in the United States helped maintain activities in the East. This article, based on the results of the 1997 Annual Survey of Manufactures, briefly describes changes to the industry in 1997 and 1998, and looks at recent events in 1999.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 36-251-X
    Description:

    The latest issue contains the article "Printing, publishing and allied industries: an overview" by Sharon Boyer. This paper provides highlights and an overview of the economic activity and contribution of the Publishing, Printing and Allied Industries Major Group 28, to the manufacturing sector and to the Canadian economy as a whole. The impact of international trade will also be examined.

    Based on the results from the 1997 Annual Survey of Manufactures, but using information from other more current Statistics Canada sources, this article includes data from 1999.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 42-251-X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The latest issue contains the article "The transportation equipment industries in Canada, 1985 - 1997 - A review of change". The transportation equipment industries are the largest industrial manufacturing group in Canada representing more than a quarter of the total value of manufacturing shipments in 1997. They include the manufacturing of a diverse range of products, ranging from aircraft to ships to automobile assembly to vehicle parts and accessories manufacturing. As well, the manufacturing activity also includes repairs to aircrafts, boats and ships.

    Since 1985 these industries have experienced sustained growth in terms of total shipments as well as the number of workers employed. The hourly wages paid to workers are much higher than the average hourly wages for all manufacturing. The gap between the hourly wages of the workers in the automotive industry and the rest of the workers in the transportation equipment industry has been widening considerably since 1985.

    The auto industry has weathered free trade with the United States without suffering the job losses or decreasing productivity that some analysts predicted before the agreement took effect. In fact, productivity has increased, as have incomes.

    Over 70% of the output was exported, mostly to the United States. Given the sustained prosperity that the United States has enjoyed for more than a decade now, it is not surprising that the Canadian transportation equipment industries have also performed well.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 46-250-X
    Description:

    The chemical and chemical products industry is one of the key manufacturing industries in Canada. In 1996, despite an increase in exports and in prices, the growth this industry has known since the beginning of the decade slowed down. This leading-edge industry employs a scientific labour force, which is not always associated with manufacturing.

    Release date: 1999-12-01

  • Journals and periodicals: 85-550-X
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics has prepared a report on the use of remand in Canada. Remand refers to persons who have been charged with an offence and ordered by the court to custody while awaiting a further court appearance. This report uses data from the Adult Correctional Services (ACS) survey to assess the trends in remand admissions, sentence lengths, and average daily counts of remand inmates in provincial/territorial correctional facilities between 1988-89 and 1997-98. Characteristics of remand inmates (e.g., age, gender, marital status, level of education, employment), offences and criminal history were studied using data from the One-Day Snapshot report (a census of inmates on-register in adult correctional facilities on midnight Saturday October 5th 1996). Characteristics and offences of youth on remand in 1997-98 were also examined using data from the Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS) survey. Trends in the average counts of youth on remand between 1988-89 and 1997-98 are presented using data from the Corrections Key Indicator Report. Appendices include graphs of admissions and average daily counts for each province and territory.

    Release date: 1999-11-25

  • Journals and periodicals: 82F0076X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Heart disease and stroke are major causes of illness, disability and death in Canada and they exact high personal, community and health care costs. The goal of The changing face of heart disease and stroke in Canada, the fifth in a series of reports from the Canadian Heart and Stroke Surveillance System (CHSSS), is to provide health professionals and policy makers with an overview of current trends in risk factors, interventions and services, and health outcomes of heart disease and stroke in Canada.

    Release date: 1999-10-21

  • Journals and periodicals: 89F0116X
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    These highlights provide a brief summary of the report "Inequalities in literacy skills among youth in Canada and the United States", the latest monograph released using data from the International Adult Literacy Survey. This report suggests that youth in North America do not fare as well in their literacy skills as their European counterparts. Variables such as income and education continue to have direct and indirect effects on people's literacy skills.

    Release date: 1999-10-15
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