Employment and unemployment

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All (1,370) (1,230 to 1,240 of 1,370 results)

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1996088
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Small firms are often seen to be the engines of growth. There are two main sources of empirical evidence that are adduced to support this conclusion. The first is that job creation has been coming mainly from small firms. The second is that the share of employment accounted for by small firms has increased in the past two decades. Both of these sources rely on a simple metric--employment. This paper asks whether changes in this metric affect the view of the role that small firms play in the growth process.

    The first section of the paper maintains employment as the measure that is used to evaluate the importance of small firms but modifies the raw measure of employment to correct for the fact that small firms pay lower wages than large firms. The paper examines the evidence indicating that smaller producers in the manufacturing sector pay lower wages and that this differential has grown over time. It then uses relative wage rates to create a measure of employment that is adjusted for wage differentials. When this is done, small producers no longer outperform large producers in terms of job creation over the 1970s and 1980s in the Canadian manufacturing sector.

    The second section of the paper changes the metric used to evaluate relative performance by moving from employment to output and labour productivity. The paper demonstrates that while small producers have increased their employment share dramatically, they have barely changed their output share. Small firms have been falling behind large firms both with respect to wages paid and labour productivity. Large producers have been decreasing their relative employment while maintaining their relative output share, thereby making dramatic strides in increasing their relative labour productivity.

    Release date: 1996-09-24

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960032893
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    A look at the labour market and other economic indicators during the first six months of 1996.

    Release date: 1996-09-03

  • 1,233. A sure bet industry Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960032898
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Gambling is a growth industry that is creating new jobs and generating increasing revenue for government. This article explores the industry's employment growth and the characteristics of its workers and jobs, as well as the revenue generated by lotteries, casinos and video lottery terminals.

    Release date: 1996-09-03

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960022887
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article, also based on the IALS, compares the literacy levels of workers aged 16 to 65 in Canada, the United States and Germany. Of particular interest are the low scores achieved by a significant minority of Canadian workers. As expected, a relationship exists between literacy skills, occupation and industry.

    Release date: 1996-06-05

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M1995087
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Firm turnover occurs as firms gain and lose market share as part of the competitive struggle. The reallocation of market share from one group to another is associated with productivity gain as the less productive lose share and the more productive gain market share. This paper examines the extent to which productivity has been enhanced by firm turnover over the last twenty years. It focuses on the extent to which this process changed during the 1980s and thereby contributed to the slowdown in productivity growth that was experienced by the manufacturing sector.

    Release date: 1996-05-06

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960012523
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Why did the economy slow down in 1995 and what was the effect on the labour market? This year-end review examines changes and trends in the labour market over the past year.

    Release date: 1996-03-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960012524
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    What does the distribution of unemployment look like in the 1990s? A focus on unemployment rates by census metropolitan area from 1987 to 1995.

    Release date: 1996-03-12

  • 1,238. Women entrepreneurs Archived
    Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960012525
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Who are they? Where do they work? And how do their earnings compare with those of men in similar circumstances? This article looks at the growth in entrepreneurship among women, and compares their characteristics with those of their male counterparts.

    Release date: 1996-03-12

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X19960012527
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The official unemployment rate released each month is based on individuals. Also released, but less recognized, are family-based rates. Unemployment rates for individuals and families are compared using data from two different sources over the period 1980 to 1993.

    Release date: 1996-03-12

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 11F0019M1995083
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper examines the robustness of a measure of the average complete duration of unemployment in Canada to a host of assumptions used in its derivation. In contrast to the average incomplete duration of unemployment, which is a lagging cyclical indicator, this statistic is a coincident indicator of the business cycle. The impact of using a steady state as opposed to a non steady state assumption, as well as the impact of various corrections for response bias are explored. It is concluded that a non steady state estimator would be a valuable compliment to the statistics on unemployment duration that are currently released by many statistical agencies, and particularly Statistics Canada.

    Release date: 1995-12-30
Data (727)

Data (727) (0 to 10 of 727 results)

  • Table: 14-10-0331-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 281-8047)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Historical releases of employment and average weekly earnings (including overtime) for all employees by North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), last 5 months.
    Release date: 2019-06-10

  • Table: 14-10-0332-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 281-8063)
    Geography: Canada, Province or territory
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description: Historical releases of employment and average weekly earnings (including overtime) for all employees by province, territory and North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), last 5 months.
    Release date: 2019-06-10

  • Table: 14-10-0357-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 281-8023)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Monthly
    Description:

    Historical releases of employment by type of employee and North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), last 5 months.

    Release date: 2019-06-10

  • Table: 33-10-0164-01
    (formerly: CANSIM 527-0001)
    Geography: Canada
    Frequency: Annual
    Description:

    This table contains 2736 series, with data starting from 2001 (not all combinations necessarily have data for all years). This table contains data described by the following dimensions (Not all combinations are available): Geography (1 item: Canada) Business dynamics measure (16 items: Number of active employer businesses in the private sector; Number of entrants; Number of incumbents; Number of exits; ...) North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) (19 items: Private sector; Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; Utilities; ...) Firm size (9 items: Private sector; From 0 to less than 100 employees; From 0 to less than 50 employees; Less than 5 employees; ...).

    Release date: 2019-06-10

  • Public use microdata: 71M0001X
    Description:

    This public use microdata file (PUMF) contains non-aggregated data for a wide variety of variables collected from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS collects monthly information on the labour market activities of Canada's working age population. This product is for users who prefer to do their own analysis by focusing on specific subgroups in the population or by cross-classifying variables that are not in our catalogued products.

    This is a monthly file, and is available going back to 1976.

    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Table: 71-001-X
    Description:

    This publication provides the most current monthly labour market statistics. Each month, this publication contains a brief commentary highlighting recent developments in the Canadian labour market. It also includes a series of charts and tables on a variety of labour force characteristics, such as employment and unemployment for Canada, the provinces, metropolitan areas and economic regions.

    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This interactive visualization application provides a comprehensive picture of the Canadian labour market using the most recent Labour Force Survey data available. The estimates are seasonally adjusted and available by province, sex, age group and industry. Historical estimates, going back 5 years, are also included for monthly employment changes and unemployment rates. The interactive application allows users to quickly and easily explore and personalize the information presented. Combine multiple provinces, sexes and age groups to create your own labour market domains of interest.

    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2017001
    Description:

    This web application provides access to Statistics Canada’s Labour Market Indicators for Canada, by province and by census metropolitan area. This dynamic application allows users to view geographical rankings for each labour market indicator and to create quick and easy reports with interactive maps and charts that can be easily copied into other programs. All provincial and CMA estimates used in this application are seasonally adjusted, 3-month moving averages. Labour Force Survey data at the provincial level published each month in The Daily are seasonally adjusted monthly estimates.

    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Data Visualization: 71-607-X2017002
    Description:

    This web application provides access to Statistics Canada’s Labour Market Indicators for Canada, by province, territory and economic region (ER). This dynamic application allows users to view a snapshot of key labour market indicators, observe geographical rankings for each indicator using an interactive map and table, and easily copy data into other programs. The provincial and ER estimates used in this application from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) are three-month moving averages, unadjusted for seasonality. The provincial, territorial and ER estimates used in this application from the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey (JVWS) are quarterly data, unadjusted for seasonality. Historical estimates are available in this application, with data going back 10 years for the LFS and from the first quarter of 2016 for JVWS.

    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Data Visualization: 14-20-0001
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Market Observatory consists of interactive data visualization applications showcasing the vast amount of publicly available labour market information. The fully interactive applications allow Canadians to quickly and easily personalize the information in a way that is relevant to them and their interests.

    Release date: 2019-06-07
Analysis (594)

Analysis (594) (0 to 10 of 594 results)

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2019002
    Description:

    This paper uses the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to assess the employment characteristics of Métis men and women. A number of other outcomes, influenced by these characteristics, are further explored, such as employment rates, employment income, education, occupation and employment types, economic instability, and self-reported mental health.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2019003
    Description:

    For Inuit, the term 'livelihood' encompasses work in the wage economy and in the labour that connects them with the land, their culture and their community. The results from the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey presented in this paper highlight how important it is to include land-based economy in any examination of the labour market. Furthermore, these findings suggest the need for policies and programs aimed at improving Inuit employment and related economic outcomes.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Articles and reports: 89-653-X2019004
    Description:

    This paper uses the 2017 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to assess the employment characteristics of First Nations men and women, including occupation, industry and full-time/part-time employment. A number of other outcomes, influenced by these characteristics, are further explored, such as job satisfaction, skills, health, presence of disability, and measures of economic well-being such as food security.

    Release date: 2019-06-13

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191583587
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-06-07

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X20191503555
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-05-30

  • Journals and periodicals: 71-222-X
    Description:

    Labour Statistics at a Glance features short analytical articles on specific topics of interest related to Canada's labour market. The studies examine recent or historical trends using data produced by the Labour Statistics Division, i.e., the Labour Force Survey, the Survey of Employment Payrolls and Hours, the Job Vacancy and Wage Survey, the Employment Insurance Coverage Survey and the Employment Insurance Statistics Program.

    Release date: 2019-05-28

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201913320391
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-05-13

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2019014
    Description:

    Canada has a relatively large foreign-born population, and the country’s economic prosperity depends on international trade. This paper examines how these two characteristics are linked. Specifically, it investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada.

    Understanding the impact of immigrants on international trade is particularly important for Canada, as it is a small open economy with a relatively large immigrant population. This paper empirically investigates the effect of immigrant business ownership on international trade in Canada using a newly developed firm-level database with detailed business ownership and trade information. The new data make it possible to better distinguish between the effect immigrants have on reducing information costs and on product demand, and to assess the impact of immigrant business ownership on the extensive and intensive margins of international trade.

    Release date: 2019-05-13

  • Stats in brief: 11-001-X201912720446
    Description: Release published in The Daily – Statistics Canada’s official release bulletin
    Release date: 2019-05-07

  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2019028
    Description:

    The infographic sheds light on the representation of women in leadership positions within corporations conducting business in Canada for the year 2016.

    Release date: 2019-05-07
Reference (50)

Reference (50) (0 to 10 of 50 results)

  • Classification: 12-583-X
    Description:

    This publication provides a systematic classification structure to identify and categorize the entire range of occupational activity in Canada. It consists of 10 broad occupational categories which are subdivided into major groups, minor groups and unit groups. Definitions and occupational titles are provided for each unit group. An alphabetical index of the occupational titles classified to the unit group level is also included.

    Release date: 2018-12-19

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 37-20-00012018002
    Description:

    This technical reference guide is intended for users of the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP). The data for the products associated with this release are derived from integrating the Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS) with other administrative data on earnings. Statistics Canada has derived a series of indicators on educational pathways and labour market outcomes for registered apprentices by select trades, cohorts of apprentices, by sex, for Canada, all provinces, the Atlantic region, and for grouped territories.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 37-20-0001
    Description:

    These reference guides are intended for users of the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP). The guide provides an overview of the Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) and the Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS), the general methodology used to create longitudinal indicators, and important technical information for users.

    Release date: 2018-12-05

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 37-20-00012018001
    Description:

    This technical reference guide is intended for users of the Education and Labour Market Longitudinal Platform (ELMLP). The data for the products associated with this issue are derived from integrating Postsecondary Student Information System (PSIS) administrative data with other administrative data on earnings. Statistics Canada has derived a series of annual indicators on the labour market outcomes of public postsecondary graduates including median employment income by educational qualification, field of study, age group and sex for Canada, the provinces and the territories combined.

    Release date: 2018-12-04

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 71F0031X
    Description:

    This paper introduces and explains modifications made to the Labour Force Survey estimates.

    Release date: 2015-01-28

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 99-000-X2011001
    Description:

    The National Household Survey (NHS) Dictionary is a reference document which contains detailed definitions of concepts, universes, variables, and geographic terms used in the NHS. By referring to the NHS Dictionary, both beginner and intermediate data users will gain a better understanding of the data.

    Release date: 2013-05-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 12-001-X200800110614
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) produces monthly estimates of the unemployment rate at national and provincial levels. The LFS also releases unemployment estimates for sub-provincial areas such as Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) and Urban Centers (UCs). However, for some sub-provincial areas, the direct estimates are not reliable since the sample size in some areas is quite small. The small area estimation in LFS concerns estimation of unemployment rates for local sub-provincial areas such as CMA/UCs using small area models. In this paper, we will discuss various models including the Fay-Herriot model and cross-sectional and time series models. In particular, an integrated non-linear mixed effects model will be proposed under the hierarchical Bayes (HB) framework for the LFS unemployment rate estimation. Monthly Employment Insurance (EI) beneficiary data at the CMA/UC level are used as auxiliary covariates in the model. A HB approach with the Gibbs sampling method is used to obtain the estimates of posterior means and posterior variances of the CMA/UC level unemployment rates. The proposed HB model leads to reliable model-based estimates in terms of CV reduction. Model fit analysis and comparison of the model-based estimates with the direct estimates are presented in the paper.

    Release date: 2008-06-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-559-G2006003
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topics: Labour market activity and Unpaid work.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-06-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-559-G
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topics: Labour market activity and Unpaid work.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-06-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 75F0002M2008002
    Description:

    The Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) conducts an annual labour and income interview in January. The data are collected using computer-assisted interviewing; thus no paper questionnaire is required for data collection. The questions, responses and interview flow for labour and income are documented in another SLID research paper. This document presents the information for the 2007 entry and exit portions of the labour and income interview (reference year 2006).

    The entry exit component consists of five separate modules. The entry module is the first set of data collected. It is information collected to update the place of residence, housing conditions and expenses, as well as the household composition. For each person identified in entry, the demographics module collects (or updates) the person's name, date of birth, sex and marital status. Then the relationships module identifies (or updates) the relationship between each respondent and every other household member. The exit module includes questions on who to contact for the next interview and the names, phone numbers and addresses of two contacts to be used only if future tracing of respondents is required. An overview of the tracing component is also included in this document.

    Release date: 2008-05-30
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