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Family income and income of individuals, related variables: Sub-provincial data, 2014

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Released: 2016-07-14

Calgary had the highest median total family income (before tax) of all census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in Canada in 2014 at $104,530. Calgary was followed by Edmonton ($101,470) and Ottawa–Gatineau ($97,760), according to data derived from personal income tax returns. These CMAs have occupied the top three positions since 2009.

At the national level, median total family income rose 1.1% from 2013 to 2014. Median total family income grew in all CMAs, except Ottawa–Gatineau (-0.9%), Saguenay (-0.7%) and Greater Sudbury (-0.4%). Sherbrooke and Thunder Bay were unchanged.

The largest gains in median total family income from 2013 to 2014 were observed in Kelowna (+2.1%), Saint John (+1.9%), Windsor (+1.8%) and Vancouver (+1.6%).

For couple families (with or without children), Calgary ($112,420), Edmonton ($110,490) and Ottawa–Gatineau ($107,100) also had the highest median total family incomes in 2014. Saint John (+2.2%) experienced the largest increase in median family income for couple families, while Ottawa–Gatineau (-1.2%) reported the largest decrease.

Among lone-parent families, Calgary ($53,060) had the highest median total family income in 2014, followed by Québec ($51,750) and Ottawa–Gatineau ($49,540). Peterborough (+5.4%) experienced the largest increase from 2013 in median family income for lone-parent families, while the largest decline was in Saguenay (-2.1%).

For persons not in census families, Edmonton ($38,070) had the highest median total income, followed by Calgary ($37,320) and Regina ($36,200). Edmonton (+1.7%) also reported the largest increase in median income for people not in census families, while the largest declines were in Saguenay (-0.9%) and Ottawa–Gatineau (-0.9%).

Among census agglomerations (CAs) in 2014, Wood Buffalo, Alberta ($189,450), had the highest median total family income, followed by Yellowknife, Northwest Territories ($141,280). The largest increase among CAs was in Swift Current, Saskatchewan (+6.0%), while the largest decline occurred in Baie-Comeau, Quebec (-3.5%).

  Note to readers

Data for 2014 family income and related variables derived from personal income tax returns filed in spring 2015 are now available for various sub-provincial geographic areas. Total income includes employment income, investment income, government transfers, pension income and other income. In accordance with international standards, capital gains are excluded from total income. The median is the point at which half of the families' incomes, or the incomes of persons not in census families, are higher and half are lower.

All data in this release refer to income before the payment of income tax. All figures for previous years have been adjusted for inflation, as measured by the Consumer Price Index. After-tax income data are also available in CANSIM tables 111-0043, 111-0044 and 111-0015. Data for census families and persons not in census families are derived from income tax data and are not adjusted on the basis of Statistics Canada's population estimates.

This release uses the census family concept for families. Census family refers to a married or a common-law couple, with or without children at home, or a lone-parent of any marital status, with at least one child living at home. There are no restrictions on the age of the children. This concept differs from the economic family concept used in most income data tables associated with the Canadian Income Survey and the 2011 National Household Survey. Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship.

All data in this release have been tabulated according to the 2011 Standard Geographical Classification used for the 2011 Census.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (also known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000, of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000.


Data for Family Income (Catalogue number13C0016, various prices) and Seniors' Income (Catalogue number89C0022, various prices), as well as for the income of individuals including Neighbourhood Income and Demographics (Catalogue number13C0015, various prices), Labour Income Profiles (Catalogue number71C0018, various prices) and Economic Dependency Profiles (Catalogue number13C0017, various prices) are available for Canada, the provinces and territories, federal electoral districts, economic regions, census divisions, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census tracts, and postal-based geographies. These custom services are available upon request.

For census agglomerations, tables for total median family income showing 2014 data, 2013 data (adjusted in 2014 constant dollars) and the percentage change are also available upon request.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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