Annual demographic estimates, rural and urban areas: Interactive dashboard

Start of visual interactive dashboard
Embed this product
End of visual interactive dashboard

Additional information

Notes

The estimates contained in this dashboard are based on 2016 Census counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves, to which are added data from the population growth estimates for the period from May 10, 2016, to the date of the estimate.

Until the second quarter of 2016 inclusively, population growth is not equal to the sum of natural increase, net international migration, net interprovincial migration, and net intraprovincial migration because residual deviation (not shown) must also be considered in the calculation.

This dashboard is designed to visualize trends in population estimates for rural and urban areas. To view demographic trends at the provincial, territorial and Canada levels, the product Quarterly demographic estimates, provinces and territories: Interactive dashboard should be consulted .

Definitions

Rural

“Rural” is defined as all areas that are outside of census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census agglomeration (CAs). The CMA and CA definitions are based on Statistics Canada’s 2016 Standard Geographical Classification (SGC).

Urban

“Urban” is defined as all areas that are inside of census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and census agglomeration (CAs). The CMA and CA definitions are based on Statistics Canada’s 2016 Standard Geographical Classification (SGC).

Census agglomeration (CA)

A census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000 based on data from the previous Census of Population Program. To be included in the CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from data on place of work from the previous Census Program.

If the population of the core of a CA falls below 10,000, the CA is retired from the next census. All areas inside the CA that are not population centres are rural areas.

When a CA has a core of at least 50,000, based on data from the previous Census of Population, it is subdivided into census tracts. Census tracts are maintained for the CA even if the population of the core subsequently falls below 50,000.

The CA of Campbellton (New Brunswick-Quebec), Hawkesbury (Ontario-Quebec) and Lloydminster (Alberta-Saskatchewan) crosses provincial boundaries. When the geographic level selected is all of urban Canada, the totals include the CA on both sides of the provincial border. If a province has been selected, only the part of the CA in the province chosen is included in the totals.

Census metropolitan areas (CMA)

A census metropolitan area (CMA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. To be included in the CMA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from census place of work data.

Once an area becomes a CMA, it is retained as a CMA even if its total population declines below 100,000 or the population of its core falls below 50,000. Small population centres with a population count of less than 10,000 are called fringe. All areas inside the CMA that are not population centres are rural areas.

All CMAs are subdivided into census tracts.

The CMA of Ottawa-Gatineau (Ontario-Quebec) crosses provincial boundaries. When the geographic level selected is all of urban Canada, the totals include the CMA on both sides of the provincial border. If a province has been selected, only the part of the CMA in the province chosen is included in the totals.

Natural increase

Natural increase is the variation in the population size over a given period as a result of the difference between the numbers of births and deaths.

Net international migration

Net international migration basically refers to the total number of moves between Canada and abroad that result in a change in the usual place of residence. It is calculated by adding immigrants, returning emigrants and net non-permanent residents, then subtracting emigrants and net temporary emigration.

Net interprovincial migration

Net interprovincial migration represents the difference between in-migrant and out-migrants for a given province or territory involving a change in the usual place of residence.

Net intraprovincial migration

Net intraprovincial migration represents the difference between in-migrants and out-migrants in a given region. A region can be defined as a census agglomeration or a census metropolitan area.

Population

Estimated population and population according to the census are both defined as being the number of Canadians whose usual place of residence is within that area, regardless of where they happened to be on Census Day. Also included are any Canadians staying in a dwelling in that area on Census Day and having no usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada, as well as those considered non-permanent residents.

Population growth

Population growth is the variation of population size between two dates. It can also be obtained by summing the natural increase, net international migration and net interprovincial migration and if applicable, subtract residual deviation. It can be positive or negative.

Proportion of the population by age group

Ratio of the sum of the ages of a group (0 to 14, 15 to 64, 65 and older) to the total population. This ratio is expressed as a percentage.

Residual deviation

Difference between demographic population growth calculated using intercensal estimates of population between two dates and that obtained by the sum of the components for the same period. This deviation results from the distribution of the error of closure between years within the quinquennial period. This distribution is calculated by taking into account the number of days within each month.

Age

Age as of July 1.

Sex ratio

The ratio of the number of men to the number of women. This ratio is usually expressed as an index, with the number of females taken to be a base of 100.

Year

Unless otherwise specified, the term “year” refers to the period beginning July 1 of a given year and ending June 30 of the following year.

To learn more

The Annual Demographic Estimates: Subprovincial Areas (91-214-X ) is now available to know more about the topic.

Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number 3608

To find more rural Canada products, visit the Rural Canada Statistics Portal.

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: