Quarterly demographic estimates, provinces and territories: Interactive dashboard


The data used to create this interactive web application is from the following listed data tables:

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Additional information


The estimates contained in this dashboard are based on 2016 Census counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves, to which are added data from the population growth estimates for the period from May 10, 2016, to the date of the estimate. Data are presented for the last 25 years.

Until the second quarter of 2016 inclusively, population growth is not equal to the sum of natural increase, net international migration and net interprovincial migration because residual deviation (not shown) must also be considered in the calculation.


Demographic weight
Demographic weight represents the share of a population or territory in the population of Canada.
Natural increase
Natural increase is the variation in the population size over a given period as a result of the difference between the numbers of births and deaths.
Net international migration
Net international migration refers to the total number of moves between Canada and abroad that result in a change in the usual place of residence. It is calculated by adding immigrants, returning emigrants and net non-permanent residents, then subtracting emigrants and net temporary emigration.
Net interprovincial migration
Net interprovincial migration represents the difference between in-migrants and out-migrants for a given province or territory involving a change in the usual place of residence.
Estimated population and population according to the census are both defined as being the number of Canadians whose usual place of residence is within that area, regardless of where they happened to be on Census Day. Also included are any Canadians staying in a dwelling in that area on Census Day and having no usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada, as well as those considered non-permanent residents.
Population growth
Population growth is the variation of population size between two dates. It can also be obtained by summing the natural increase, net international migration and net interprovincial migration and if applicable, subtract residual deviation. It can be positive or negative.
Population growth rate
Population growth rate or population growth (%) is the ratio of population growth over the period to the average of the start-of-period and end-of-period populations. The rate is generally expressed as a percentage.
Residual deviation
Difference between demographic population growth calculated using intercensal estimates of population between two dates and that obtained by the sum of the components for the same period. This deviation results from the distribution of the error of closure between years within the quinquennial period. This distribution is calculated by taking into account the number of days within each month.

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