Data quality, concepts and methodology: Accounting concepts, definitions and practices

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The concepts and definitions for most industries are based on the guidelines of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA). Regulated industries may follow practices and definitions determined by the regulators. However, these practices are usually similar to the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants. Starting on January 1, 2011, Canadian publicly accountable enterprises were required to replace Canadian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (CGAAP) with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) when preparing their financial statements for fiscal years starting on or after January 1, 2011. Canadian private enterprises were required to replace CGAAP by Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises (ASPE) or IFRS. The adoption of new accounting standards by some enterprises may affect comparability with prior years.

Financial classification and presentation

Because there is no widely accepted standard classification for financial items, it was necessary to devise one in order to present information in a homogeneous way for all enterprises. The financial item presentation for this publication has been condensed somewhat to allow for a generic presentation across industries.

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