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  1. Symbols
  2. Note
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Note of appreciation
  5. Standards of service to the public
  6. Copyright


The following standard symbols are used in Statistics Canada publications:

not available for any reference period
not available for a specific reference period
not applicable
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
use with caution
too unreliable to be published
significantly different from reference category (p < 0.05)


As figures are individually rounded in the tables of this document, totals do not necessarily equal the sum of their component parts.


This publication was prepared under the direction of:

  1. Paula Thomson, Director, Industrial Organization and Finance Division
  2. Yves Gauthier, Assistant Director, Industrial Organization and Finance Division

with the assistance of:

  1. Joy Francisco*, Senior Analyst
  2. Ben Veenhof*, Analyst
  3. Hon Lam Le, Analyst
  4. Louise Noel, Client Services
  5. Yvon Cormier, Project leader, Systems Development
  6. Vo Vuong, Programmer/Analyst

* Subject matter contacts

Note of appreciation

Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long-standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Accurate and timely statistical information could not be produced without their continued cooperation and goodwill.

Standards of service to the public

Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. To this end, Statistics Canada has developed standards of service that its employees observe.

Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada

© Minister of Industry, 2013

All rights reserved. Use of this publication is governed by the Statistics Canada Open License Agreement.

March 2013

Catalogue no. 61-219-X

ISSN 1499-7525

Frequency: Annual


Industrial Organization and Finance Division
Enterprise Statistics and Analysis

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