Data quality, concepts and methodology: Industrial classification

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Commencing with 1999, Financial and Taxation Statistics for Enterprises are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 1  From 1988 to 1998, the Standard Industrial Classification for Companies and Enterprises (SIC-C 1980) was used.

NAICS is an activity-oriented industry classification that was developed by the statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico and the United States to provide a consistent framework for the collection, analysis and dissemination of industrial statistics used by government policy analysts, academics and researchers, the business community and the public. NAICS was primarily designed to classify economic production performed at the establishment level; the activity that contributes the most value-added determines the NAICS code for the establishment.

To determine which NAICS code should be assigned to a statistical enterprise, the NAICS code is determined for each establishment belonging to the statistical enterprise. The NAICS code representing the largest value-added is then assigned to the statistical enterprise. The NAICS (unlike the 1980 SIC-C) does not provide classifications for integrated activities. For example, a petroleum enterprise may be involved in exploration, mining, refining, shipping and retailing of petroleum products. Whereas the 1980 SIC-C provided a classification code for integrated petroleum activities, under NAICS such an enterprise is classified to the individual NAICS code that relates to the activity that provides the most value-added. NAICS is a detailed, hierarchical classification with 922 individual 6-digit industries. These are aggregated into 20 sectors of activity, such as mining, manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail trade and construction.

The annual Financial and Taxation Statistics for Enterprises are published in this document at the NAICS level of 67 industry groups. Other levels of aggregation are available upon request on a cost recovery basis.

Text table 1 provides the composition of the industry groups included in this publication.

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