Canada at a Glance, 2022
Indigenous People

Did you know?Note

  • In 2021, there were 1,048,405 First Nations people living in Canada, marking the first time that the First Nations population surpassed the one-million mark in a census.
  • Almost three-quarters (71.8%) of First Nations people had Registered or Treaty Indian status under the Indian Act, while 28.2% did not.
  • There were 624,220 Métis living in Canada in 2021, with 224,655 people reporting registered membership in a Métis organization or Settlement. Four-fifths (79.8%) reported being a member of one of the five signatories of the Canada-Métis Nation Accord (2017).
  • In 2021, 70,545 Inuit were living in Canada. Of that population, 80.6% reported that they were enrolled under or were a beneficiary of an Inuit Land Claims Agreement.

Chart 9 Number of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status and proportion living on reserve by province and territory, 2021

Data table for Chart 9 
Data table for Chart 9
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 9. The information is grouped by Region (appearing as row headers), Share of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status living on reserve and Number of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status, calculated using percent and people units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Region Share of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status living on reserve Number of First Nations people with Registered or Treaty Indian status
percent people
B.C. 39 125,105
Alta. 36 115,020
Sask. 48 110,910
Man. 49 121,415
Ont. 32 151,550
Que. 57 61,810
N.B. 56 13,555
N.S. 59 15,955
P.E.I. 41 1,235
N.L. 13 19,080
Y.T. 0 5,835
N.W.T. 2 11,565
Nvt. 0 70

Chart 10 Distribution of Métis  population by province and territory, 2021

Data table for Chart 10 
Data table for Chart 10
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 10. The information is grouped by province or territory (appearing as row headers), people (appearing as column headers).
province or territory people
N.L. 7,330
P.E.I. 840
N.S. 21,090
N.B. 10,165
Que. 61,015
Ont. 134,615
Man. 96,730
Sask. 62,800
Alta. 127,475
B.C. 97,865
Y.T. 1,285
N.W.T. 2,890
Nvt. 115

Chart 11 Inuit population by Inuit region of residence, Canada, 2021

Data table for Chart 11 
Data table for Chart 11
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 11. The information is grouped by Inuit Nunangat region (appearing as row headers), people (appearing as column headers).
Inuit Nunangat region people
Inuvialuit region 3,145
Nunavut 30,865
Nunavik 12,590
Nunatsiavut 2,095
Outside Inuit Nunangat 21,825

Statistics Canada data on Indigenous peoples… in brief

Statistics Canada uses two main sources to publish data on Indigenous peoples: the Census of Population, conducted every five years, and the Indigenous Peoples Survey (IPS), conducted in the year following each Census of Population. The success of the 2021 Census would not have been possible without the involvement of Indigenous people. Thanks to their participation, high-quality data are available for Indigenous communities across the country. It is through this collaboration that we can better understand the realities experienced by First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities.

Data from the 2022 IPS will be released in 2024. We thank all the Indigenous communities we work in partnership with, and all those involved in this research.

To learn more
Statistics on Indigenous peoples (statcan.gc.ca).

 
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