Analysis

COVID-19 A data perspective

COVID-19: A data perspective: Explore key economic trends and social challenges that arise as the COVID-19 situation evolves.

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All (15) (0 to 10 of 15 results)

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200300001
    Description:

    This Spotlight on data and research article provides a summary of findings from six articles released in Economic and Social Reports in 2021 and 2022 looking at different aspects on the subject of International students as a source of labour supply: Transition to permanent residence; Retention in province of study; The growth of international students and their changing socio-demographic characteristics; Engagement in the labour market during the period of study; Engagement in the labour market after graduation; and Pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200200004
    Description:

    Although international students are increasingly considered a pool of skilled individuals to be encouraged for permanent residency and participation in the Canadian labour market, the role of Canadian study in economic outcomes after immigration is not well understood. To this end, this article examines the relationship between pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200100002
    Description:

    Attention surrounding differences in the pathways to permanent residency for lower- and higher-skilled temporary foreign workers has increased, particularly as the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the contribution of lower-skilled temporary foreign workers in essential industrial sectors. This article examines the skill distribution of temporary foreign workers and their transition to permanent residency by skill level.

    Release date: 2022-01-26

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101200002
    Description:

    The number of international students has grown considerably worldwide, primarily from developing countries to Western developed countries. In recent years, Canada has led other major Western countries in the growth of international students. The opportunity for international students to work in Canada after graduation and to potentially become permanent residents, and ultimately Canadian citizens, is considered a draw factor for prospective international students. When international students decide to stay and work in Canada after graduation, one of the main avenues to do so is through the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP). This article examines the trends in the number and share of international students participating in the PGWPP and the share of PGWP holders with employment income and their earnings levels. The transitions of PGWP holders to permanent residency are also examined.

    Release date: 2022-01-18

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101100001
    Description:

    While the primary reason for international students being in Canada is for study purposes, they may also participate in the labour market. Increases over the past two decades in the number of international students, alongside programs designed to facilitate their availability to work while studying, parallel a growing role played by this population in the Canadian labour market. This article assesses the extent to which international students who intended to study at the postsecondary level were engaged in the labour market.

    Release date: 2021-11-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100700005
    Description:

    The number of new international students (first-time study permit holders) in Canada has increased steadily since the mid-2000s, and reached 250,020 in 2019. Alongside this trend are increased efforts in attracting international students as a potential pool of candidates for permanent immigration and the Canadian labour force. To understand the nature of this potential pool of labour, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of who is coming to Canada as an international student.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600002
    Description:

    International students are increasingly viewed as a promising pool of skilled individuals who can be tapped for participation in the Canadian labour market. This is a key motivating factor for providing international students with pathways to obtain permanent residency. This article documents the share of international students who became landed immigrants across various sociodemographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600003
    Description:

    The retention of international students in their province of study is increasingly being regarded as a potential source of skilled labour by regions seeking labour force growth. This article examines the retention of international students who completed their studies between 2010 and 2016 in their province of study after graduation.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100400004
    Description:

    This study examines whether the gaps in the employment rates and weekly earnings between immigrants and Canadian-born individuals increased or decreased over the last two decades. Earlier studies have well documented the expanding earnings gap between new immigrant workers and their Canadian-born counterparts during the 1980s and 1990s. However, significant policy changes in immigration selection and settlement have been introduced since the early 2000s, and the employment rate and entry earnings among new immigrants have been improving in recent years. Little research has been undertaken to examine whether the earnings gap between new immigrant and Canadian-born workers has recently started to close.

    Release date: 2021-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2021004
    Description:

    International migration has become increasingly fluid and is viewed decreasingly as a one-time, permanent movement from a source country to a destination country. Immigrant-receiving countries often point to long-term economic- and population-related goals as motivations for permanent immigration programs, making immigrants’ presence and absence patterns of increasing policy interest. This article explores two methodological issues related to measuring immigrants’ potential presence in Canada. The first is the use of auxiliary administrative data sources as a means to supplement the T1 Income Tax Return file, which—to date—has been one of the key data sources used to estimate emigration among Canadian immigrants. The second is the evaluation of the sensitivity of emigration estimates to the definition of immigrant disappearance and reappearance in administrative data.

    Release date: 2021-03-16
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Articles and reports (15)

Articles and reports (15) (0 to 10 of 15 results)

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200300001
    Description:

    This Spotlight on data and research article provides a summary of findings from six articles released in Economic and Social Reports in 2021 and 2022 looking at different aspects on the subject of International students as a source of labour supply: Transition to permanent residence; Retention in province of study; The growth of international students and their changing socio-demographic characteristics; Engagement in the labour market during the period of study; Engagement in the labour market after graduation; and Pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-03-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200200004
    Description:

    Although international students are increasingly considered a pool of skilled individuals to be encouraged for permanent residency and participation in the Canadian labour market, the role of Canadian study in economic outcomes after immigration is not well understood. To this end, this article examines the relationship between pre-immigration study in Canada and post-immigration earnings.

    Release date: 2022-02-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202200100002
    Description:

    Attention surrounding differences in the pathways to permanent residency for lower- and higher-skilled temporary foreign workers has increased, particularly as the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the contribution of lower-skilled temporary foreign workers in essential industrial sectors. This article examines the skill distribution of temporary foreign workers and their transition to permanent residency by skill level.

    Release date: 2022-01-26

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101200002
    Description:

    The number of international students has grown considerably worldwide, primarily from developing countries to Western developed countries. In recent years, Canada has led other major Western countries in the growth of international students. The opportunity for international students to work in Canada after graduation and to potentially become permanent residents, and ultimately Canadian citizens, is considered a draw factor for prospective international students. When international students decide to stay and work in Canada after graduation, one of the main avenues to do so is through the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP). This article examines the trends in the number and share of international students participating in the PGWPP and the share of PGWP holders with employment income and their earnings levels. The transitions of PGWP holders to permanent residency are also examined.

    Release date: 2022-01-18

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202101100001
    Description:

    While the primary reason for international students being in Canada is for study purposes, they may also participate in the labour market. Increases over the past two decades in the number of international students, alongside programs designed to facilitate their availability to work while studying, parallel a growing role played by this population in the Canadian labour market. This article assesses the extent to which international students who intended to study at the postsecondary level were engaged in the labour market.

    Release date: 2021-11-24

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100700005
    Description:

    The number of new international students (first-time study permit holders) in Canada has increased steadily since the mid-2000s, and reached 250,020 in 2019. Alongside this trend are increased efforts in attracting international students as a potential pool of candidates for permanent immigration and the Canadian labour force. To understand the nature of this potential pool of labour, this article provides a comprehensive analysis of who is coming to Canada as an international student.

    Release date: 2021-07-28

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600002
    Description:

    International students are increasingly viewed as a promising pool of skilled individuals who can be tapped for participation in the Canadian labour market. This is a key motivating factor for providing international students with pathways to obtain permanent residency. This article documents the share of international students who became landed immigrants across various sociodemographic characteristics.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100600003
    Description:

    The retention of international students in their province of study is increasingly being regarded as a potential source of skilled labour by regions seeking labour force growth. This article examines the retention of international students who completed their studies between 2010 and 2016 in their province of study after graduation.

    Release date: 2021-06-23

  • Articles and reports: 36-28-0001202100400004
    Description:

    This study examines whether the gaps in the employment rates and weekly earnings between immigrants and Canadian-born individuals increased or decreased over the last two decades. Earlier studies have well documented the expanding earnings gap between new immigrant workers and their Canadian-born counterparts during the 1980s and 1990s. However, significant policy changes in immigration selection and settlement have been introduced since the early 2000s, and the employment rate and entry earnings among new immigrants have been improving in recent years. Little research has been undertaken to examine whether the earnings gap between new immigrant and Canadian-born workers has recently started to close.

    Release date: 2021-04-28

  • Articles and reports: 11-633-X2021004
    Description:

    International migration has become increasingly fluid and is viewed decreasingly as a one-time, permanent movement from a source country to a destination country. Immigrant-receiving countries often point to long-term economic- and population-related goals as motivations for permanent immigration programs, making immigrants’ presence and absence patterns of increasing policy interest. This article explores two methodological issues related to measuring immigrants’ potential presence in Canada. The first is the use of auxiliary administrative data sources as a means to supplement the T1 Income Tax Return file, which—to date—has been one of the key data sources used to estimate emigration among Canadian immigrants. The second is the evaluation of the sensitivity of emigration estimates to the definition of immigrant disappearance and reappearance in administrative data.

    Release date: 2021-03-16
Journals and periodicals (0)

Journals and periodicals (0) (0 results)

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