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Monthly credit aggregates, November 2023

Released: 2024-01-19

Household borrowing

In November, the total credit liabilities of households increased $7.4 billion (+0.3%) to reach $2,903.1 billion. Real estate secured debt, composed of both mortgage debt and home equity lines of credit, grew $5.5 billion (+0.2%). Household mortgage debt rose $5.4 billion (+0.3% on a monthly basis; +3.1% on an annualized basis) in November, a slight slowdown compared with October (+3.8% on an annualized basis).

Chart 1  Chart 1: Month-over-month change in household mortgage loans
Month-over-month change in household mortgage loans

Chart 2  Chart 2: Year-over-year growth in household mortgage and non-mortgage loans
Year-over-year growth in household mortgage and non-mortgage loans

Non-mortgage loan debt increased $2.0 billion (+0.3%) in November. On a monthly basis, outstanding balances on home equity lines of credit edged up $0.1 billion. Credit card debt with chartered banks rose $1.4 billion (+1.4%), the largest dollar value increase since October 2022. The remaining non-mortgage debt categories grew by $0.4 billion (+0.1%).

Private non-financial corporation borrowing

Total credit liabilities of private non-financial corporations edged down $0.2 billion to reach $2,079.1 billion in November. Non-mortgage loans with chartered banks increased $4.4 billion (+0.7%). Non-mortgage loans from government lenders decreased $1.4 billion (-2.4%), a sharper decline compared with October (-1.3%) due to increased efforts by businesses to repay their loans with the Canada Emergency Business Account. The value of debt security liabilities edged down $0.1 billion in November, with net issuances of $7.1 billion offset by the effects of exchange rate fluctuations.

Chart 3  Chart 3: Private non-financial corporation borrowing
Private non-financial corporation borrowing

Overall borrowing by private non-financial corporations, composed of the increase in the level of seasonally unadjusted outstanding loans and the net transactions in debt securities, was $1.5 billion in November.

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  Note to readers

Unless otherwise stated, this release presents data adjusted for seasonality.

Annualized percentage changes shown in this release are calculated by taking the seasonally adjusted value for a given debt item and applying the following formula: (((debt[m]/debt[m-1]) ^ 12 - 1) * 100), where "m" is the reference month.


This release of the monthly credit aggregates for the month of November 2023 includes revised estimates from January to October 2023. These data incorporate new and revised data, as well as updated data on seasonal trends.

Overview of the monthly credit aggregates

The monthly credit aggregates break down a portion of the quarterly National Balance Sheet Accounts (NBSA) by month. They provide details on lending to households and non-financial corporations—in other words, the stock of these sectors' outstanding liabilities from the debtor perspective—across a range of credit instruments, including mortgage loans, non-mortgage loans, and debt and equity securities. The aggregates cover all lending sectors, including chartered banks, non-bank deposit-taking institutions, other financial corporations, governments and other lenders. The estimates are presented as booked-in-Canada to capture activity within Canada, with either domestic or non-resident lenders. In addition, amounts are reported on an end-of-period basis (i.e., the value of the stock of an asset on the final day of the month). The third month of each quarter is benchmarked to the corresponding quarterly release of the NBSA.

Household sector borrowing is divided into financing in the form of non-mortgage loans (i.e., funds principally for consumption) and mortgage loans (i.e., debt acquired to finance the purchase of a property, whether residential or non-residential in nature). Household borrowing in the form of mortgage debt and home equity lines of credit is referred to as real estate secured debt and presents a further delineation of household liabilities associated with residential and non-residential properties.

As with the household sector, non-financial corporation borrowing is divided into non-mortgage and mortgage loans. However, overall credit liabilities of non-financial corporations also include their borrowing in the form of debt securities, with terms to maturity that are both short and long term in duration.

The NBSA are composed of the balance sheets of all sectors and subsectors of the economy. The main sectors are households, non-profit institutions serving households, financial corporations, non-financial corporations, governments and non-residents. The NBSA cover all national non-financial assets and all financial asset-liability claims outstanding in all sectors and, similarly, present stocks at the end of each quarter.

Estimates are available on a seasonally adjusted basis to improve the interpretability of period-to-period changes in debt. For information on seasonal adjustment, see the article "Seasonally adjusted data – Frequently asked questions."

For more information on the concepts, methodologies and classifications used to compile these monthly estimates, see the document "Guide to the Monthly Credit Aggregates."

Next release

Data on the monthly credit aggregates for December 2023 will be released on February 19, 2024.


As a complement to this release, the documents "Guide to the Monthly Credit Aggregates" and "An overview of revisions to the Financial and Wealth Accounts, 1990 to 2023," which are part of Latest Developments in the Canadian Economic Accounts (Catalogue number13-605-X), are available.

As a complement to this release, the data visualization products "Financial accounts on a from-whom-to-whom basis, selected financial instruments," "Distributions of Household Economic Accounts, Wealth: Interactive tool" and "Securities statistics," which are part of Statistics Canada – Data Visualization Products (Catalogue number71-607-X), are also available.

The Economic accounts statistics portal, accessible from the Subjects module of the Statistics Canada website, provides an up-to-date portrait of national and provincial economies and their structure.

The User Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-606-G) is available.

The Methodological Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-607-X) is available.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (

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