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Building construction price indexes, third quarter 2023

Released: 2023-11-01

National overview

Residential building construction costs increased 1.0% in the third quarter, following a 2.0% increase in the previous quarter. Meanwhile, non-residential building construction costs rose 0.9% in the third quarter, following a 1.6% increase in the previous quarter.

This marked the slowest quarterly growth in residential building construction costs since the second quarter of 2020 and in non-residential building construction costs since the fourth quarter of the same year.

Year over year, construction costs for residential buildings in the 11-census metropolitan area (CMA) composite rose 6.0% in the third quarter of 2023, while non-residential building construction costs saw a similar increase of 5.9%. Toronto (+10.0%) led year-over-year growth in construction costs for residential buildings, while Moncton (+12.3%) led growth for non-residential buildings.

Skilled labour shortages and the resulting increases in wage rates, availability of materials, and interest rate pressure were all reported as key factors impacting the construction sector.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Building construction price indexes, quarterly change, third quarter of 2023
Building construction price indexes, quarterly change, third quarter of 2023

Atlantic provinces report largest increases in residential construction costs

In the third quarter, residential building construction costs rose in 9 of the 11 CMAs measured. St. John's (+2.2%) saw the largest quarterly increase, followed by Halifax (+1.8%). Ottawa (-0.2%) was the only CMA to record a decline in residential construction costs.

In the 11-CMA composite, the cost to build high-rise apartment buildings (+1.7%) grew the most of all residential buildings in scope of the survey, followed by single-detached houses (+1.0%).

In overall residential building construction divisions, conveying equipment (+3.2%) and masonry (+3.1%) recorded the largest quarterly increases in the third quarter. Communications (-0.8%), which includes telecommunications and cabling products, and wood, plastics and composites (-0.6%) experienced quarterly price declines.

Rising equipment costs lead the increase in non-residential construction costs

Costs to construct non-residential buildings increased the most in Moncton and Saskatoon (each up 1.7%), followed by Vancouver (+1.2%) in the third quarter.

Of all non-residential buildings surveyed, the cost to build office buildings (+1.1%) rose the most in the 11-CMA composite, followed by bus depots, shopping centres, and warehouses (each up 1.0%) in the third quarter.

Non-residential building construction costs increased across most divisions, with conveying equipment (+2.1%) seeing the largest increase, followed by general requirements and equipment (each up 1.6%). Communications (-0.4%) and fire suppression (-0.1%) saw cost declines.

  Note to readers

The building construction price indexes are quarterly series that measure the change over time in the prices that contractors charge to construct a range of commercial, institutional, industrial and residential buildings in 11 census metropolitan areas (CMAs): St. John's, Halifax, Moncton, Montréal, Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario part), Toronto, Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton, and Vancouver.

These buildings include six non-residential structures: an office building, a warehouse, a shopping centre, a factory, a school, and a bus depot with maintenance and repair facilities. In addition, indexes are produced for four residential structures: a single-detached house, a townhouse, a high-rise apartment building (five storeys or more) and a low-rise apartment building (fewer than five storeys).

The contractor's price reflects the value of all materials, labour, equipment, overhead and profit to construct a new building. It excludes value-added taxes and any costs for land, land assembly, building design, land development and real estate fees.

With each release, data for the previous quarter may have been revised. The index is not seasonally adjusted.

With the release of data from the fourth quarter of 2022, table 18-10-0135 has been archived and replaced by table 18-10-0276. The information that was in table 18-10-0135 is still in the new table. However, the new table also shows data by construction division. Data are now available for 23 divisions and for a composite of these divisions. Newly integrated divisional data are available starting from the first quarter of 2017.


The Building Construction Price Indexes Data Visualization Tool is now available. It provides access to current and historical data from the Building Construction Price Index (BCPI) for four residential and six non-residential building types, for the CMAs of St. John's, Halifax, Moncton, Montréal, Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario part), Toronto, Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton, and Vancouver, as well as for a composite of these 11 CMAs, in a dynamic and customizable format.

The Technical Guide for the Building Construction Price Index is now available. This document provides details on the methodology used to calculate the BCPI.

Statistics Canada launched the Producer Price Indexes Portal as part of a suite of portals for prices and price indexes. This webpage provides Canadians with a single point of access to a wide variety of statistics and measures related to producer prices.

The video "Producer price indexes" is available on the Statistics Canada Training Institute webpage. It provides an introduction to Statistics Canada's producer price indexes: what they are, how they are made and what they are used for.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (

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