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The underground economy in Canada, 1992 to 2013

Released: 2023-05-18

The underground economy in Canada estimates from 1992 to 2013 are now available. This includes national estimates from 1992 and provincial and territorial estimates from 2007. Estimates from 2014 to 2021 were released on February 20, 2023.


The reference papers "Methodology for measuring the underground economy by province and territory," as part of the Latest Developments in the Canadian Economic Accounts (Catalogue number13-605-X), and "The Underground Economy in Canada, 1992 to 2011," as part of the Income and Expenditure Accounts Technical Series (Catalogue number13-604-M), are available.

The Latest Developments in the Canadian Economic Accounts (Catalogue number13-605-X) is available.

The User Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-606-G) is available.

The Methodological Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-607-X) is available.

The Economic accounts statistics portal, accessible from the Subjects module of the Statistics Canada website, provides an up-to-date portrait of national and provincial economies and their structure.

Contact information

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