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Non-profit institutions and volunteering: Economic contribution, third quarter 2022

Released: 2023-01-17

Real gross domestic product of non-profit institutions is flat

Real gross domestic product (GDP) of non-profit institutions was flat in the third quarter of 2022 after rising for five consecutive quarters. Growth in the real GDP of non-profit institutions serving businesses and of those serving households was offset by a decline in the real GDP of non-profit institutions serving governments.

At the same time, the economy-wide real GDP increased 0.7%, the fifth consecutive quarterly increase.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Real gross domestic product, non-profit institutions
Real gross domestic product, non-profit institutions

Chart 2  Chart 2: Real gross domestic product, non-profit institutions, by subsector
Real gross domestic product, non-profit institutions, by subsector

Real gross domestic product of non-profit institutions serving businesses and households rises, while that of institutions serving governments declines

With the continued reopening of the economy, the real GDP of non-profit institutions serving businesses rose 0.7% in the third quarter, the sixth consecutive quarterly increase. The real GDP of non-profit institutions serving households edged up 0.2%, coinciding with greater use of food banks.

Non-profit institutions serving governments fell 0.2%, the only decline of real GDP, after a 0.4% gain in the second quarter. The economic contribution of this subsector, largely made up of hospitals, was restrained by closures of some emergency services due to staff shortages.

Non-profit jobs increase in businesses but decrease in health care

Employment in non-profit institutions rose 0.7% in the third quarter, led by business and professional associations, unions, and social services. This marked the ninth consecutive quarterly job gain in social services.

The number of jobs in non-profit institutions serving health care activity fell 0.2% in the third quarter, the first decrease since the third quarter of 2020. The decline was partly attributable to attrition due to fatigue, as health care workers have faced heavy workloads since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Chart 3  Chart 3: Nominal gross domestic product, non-profit institutions, by activity
Nominal gross domestic product, non-profit institutions, by activity

Nominal gross domestic product rises

Non-profit institutions' nominal GDP rose 0.2% in the third quarter of 2022, reflecting a similar increase in implicit prices. Increases in nominal GDP were notable in business and professional associations, unions (+1.4%) and social services (+1.2%).

The nominal GDP of the non-profit sector represented 8.2% of economy-wide GDP in the third quarter. For non-profits excluding government, nominal GDP accounted for 2.1% of the total economy.

  Note to readers

In this release, new benchmark values from the supply-use tables for the 2019 reference year have been incorporated into non-profit gross domestic product (GDP). Consequently, GDP data have been revised since the first quarter of 2019. These data are directly comparable with the estimates in the Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts. Several non-profit indicators, including employment and savings, have been revised since the first quarter of 2009.

For the purposes of these estimates, the definition of the non-profit sector adheres to international standards published in the United Nations' Satellite Account on Non-profit and Related Institutions and Volunteer Work. Canada's overall non-profit sector is divided into the following three broad categories:

Community non-profit institutions include organizations engaged, for example, in social services, advocacy, or sports and recreation. These make up the "non-profit institutions serving households" sector in standard macroeconomic measures.

Business non-profit institutions include, for example, business associations, chambers of commerce and condominium associations. These are classified to the business sector in standard measures.

Government non-profit institutions include hospitals, some residential care facilities, universities and colleges. These are classified to the government sector in standard measures.

Products

The data visualization product "Quarterly Non-Profit Institutions Economic Account: Interactive tool," which is part of Statistics Canada – Data Visualization Products (Catalogue number71-607-X), is available.

As a complement to this release, the data visualization product "Annual Non-Profit Institutions Human Resource Module: Interactive tool," which is part of Statistics Canada – Data Visualization Products (Catalogue number71-607-X), is available.

The document "An overview of the Non-Profit Sector in Canada: 2010 to 2020," which is part of Latest Developments in the Canadian Economic Accounts (Catalogue number13-605-X), is available.

The Economic accounts statistics portal, accessible from the Subjects module of the Statistics Canada website, features an up-to-date portrait of national and provincial economies and their structure.

The Latest Developments in the Canadian Economic Accounts (Catalogue number13-605-X) is available.

The User Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-606-G) is available.

The Methodological Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (Catalogue number13-607-X) is available.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; infostats@statcan.gc.ca) or Media Relations (statcan.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.statcan@statcan.gc.ca).

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