Consumer Price Index, February 2021
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose at a faster pace year over year in February (+1.1%) than in January (+1.0%). The rise in gasoline prices (+5.0%) supported consumer price growth in February. Excluding gasoline, the CPI rose 1.0% in February—down from a 1.3% increase in January.
On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the CPI rose 0.1% in February.
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Prices for consumer goods (+1.0%) rose at a faster year-over-year pace in February compared with January (+0.1%), mostly because of higher gasoline prices. The price increase for services slowed year over year in February (+1.2%) compared with January (+1.9%). Lower clothing prices (-7.1%) largely contributed to the year-over-year price decline for semi-durable goods (-3.5%) in February.
Gasoline prices rise in February
Gasoline prices rose for the third consecutive month, up 6.5% in February compared with January (+6.1%), and this supported growth in consumer prices in February. The price increase comes amid a gradual recovery in global demand for gasoline, crude oil supply cuts in major oil-producing countries and weather-related shutdowns in the southern United States.
On a year-over-year basis, gasoline prices were 5.0% higher, the first yearly price increase since February 2020.
Homeowners' replacement cost and mortgage interest cost indexes continue to move in opposite directions year over year
The homeowners' replacement cost index, which is linked to the price of new homes, rose 7.0% year over year in February, as higher building costs, low interest rates and strong demand for homes with more space continued to push prices for new housing higher. This is the largest yearly gain recorded since February 2007.
In contrast, the Mortgage Interest Cost Index fell 5.4% year over year in February, following a 4.3% decrease in January, as more Canadians renewed or initiated mortgages at historically low interest rates.
Prices for food purchased from stores and food purchased from restaurants
Prices for food purchased from stores rose 1.3% year over year in February, compared with a 0.1% increase in January, primarily because of a rise in prices for fresh fruit (+5.9%). Prices for food purchased from restaurants were up 2.9% year over year in February, compared with growth of 2.8% in January.
Higher prices for household appliances in February
Household appliance prices rose 6.1% year over year in February, compared with January (+3.4%). Prices for cooking appliances (+6.8%) and refrigerators and freezers (+6.4%) were also higher, on a year-over-year basis, in February.
Lower prices for traveller accommodation
Year over year, traveller accommodation prices declined more in February (-18.0%) compared with January (-16.1%). Demand for traveller accommodation remained low amid continued restrictions on non-essential travel to contain the spread of COVID-19.
Although price growth slowed in most provinces, prices rose more in February than in January in Quebec (+1.6%), Prince Edward Island (+1.4%) and New Brunswick (+0.8%). Prices increased at the slowest pace in Manitoba (+0.4%).
Rent prices in British Columbia lower year over year
Nationally, rent prices edged up 0.1% on a year-over-year basis. In British Columbia, rent prices fell 2.9% in February compared with the same month a year earlier, the third consecutive monthly decline. According to the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, lower demand, as a result of fewer students and lower migration to Vancouver, contributed to a higher vacancy rate in British Columbia's largest city.
Consumer Price Index, major components and special aggregates, Canada – Not seasonally adjusted
Consumer Price Index for the provinces and for Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit – Not seasonally adjusted
Consumer Price Index statistics, preferred measures of core inflation – Bank of Canada definitions, year-over-year percent change, Canada,
Note to readers
COVID-19 and the Consumer Price Index
Statistics Canada continues to monitor the impacts of the novel coronavirus (also known as COVID-19) on Canada's Consumer Price Index CPI.
Goods and services in the CPI that were not available to consumers in February because of COVID-19 restrictions received special treatments, effectively removing their impact on the monthly CPI. The following sub-indexes were imputed from the monthly change in the all-items index: travel tours, components of spectator entertainment, recreational services, personal care services in some areas, and some components of use of recreational facilities and services in some areas.
The price indexes for beer served in licensed establishments, wine served in licensed establishments and liquor served in licensed establishments were imputed in several regions, using the indexes to which consumers likely redirected their expenditures: beer purchased from stores, wine purchased from stores and liquor purchased from stores.
Consistent with previous months affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, prices for suspended flights are excluded from the February CPI calculation because passengers were ultimately unable to consume them. As a result, selected sub-components of the air transportation index were imputed from the parent index (air transportation).
Enhancement: Resale housing prices incorporated into the Mortgage Interest Cost Index
With the release of the February 2021 CPI data on March 17, 2021, the Mortgage Interest Cost Index (MICI) has been enhanced by incorporating into the house sub-index the Resale Housing Price Index (a component of the Residential Property Price Index). The MICI represents 3.57% of the 2017 CPI basket and is part of the shelter component of the CPI.
Detailed documentation is available in the "Technical Supplement for the February 2021 Consumer Price Index," within the Prices Analytical Series () publication. It provides further details on the imputations used to compile the February 2021 62F0014MCPI and the incorporation of resale housing prices in the MICI.
Real-time data tables
The Consumer Price Index for March will be released on April 21.
The adjusted price index for December 2020, January 2021 and February 2021 will be released April 12.
The "Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool" is available on the Statistics Canada website.
More information on the concepts and use of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is available in The Canadian Consumer Price Index Reference Paper (62-553-X).
For information on the history of the CPI in Canada, consult the publication Exploring the First Century of Canada's Consumer Price Index (62-604-X).
Two videos, "An Overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI)" and "The Consumer Price Index and Your Experience of Price Change," are available on Statistics Canada's YouTube channel.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).