Canada's international transactions in securities, November 2020
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Foreign investors acquired $11.8 billion of Canadian securities in November, largely purchases of federal government debt securities. At the same time, Canadian investors increased their holdings of foreign securities by $7.6 billion, led by acquisitions of US shares.
As a result, international transactions in securities generated a net inflow of funds of $4.2 billion in the Canadian economy in November, following two months of net outflow of funds.
Foreign investment in federal government debt securities reaches a six-month high
Foreign investors acquired $11.8 billion of Canadian securities in November. They added both debt and equity securities to their holdings over the month.
Foreign investment in Canadian debt securities reached $7.3 billion, reflecting a strong demand for federal government instruments denominated in Canadian dollars. In November, the federal government's overall borrowing activity slowed significantly compared with October. Nonetheless, foreign purchases of federal government securities were at their highest in six months. Over the month, non-resident investors acquired $5.9 billion of money market instruments and $4.3 billion of bonds of the federal government. In November, Canadian short-term interest rates moved up for the first time since October 2019, and long-term rates reached their highest level since March.
Non-resident investors reduced their holdings of corporate debt securities by $6.0 billion in November, the largest divestment since July. Retirements of government business enterprise paper and, to a lesser extent, retirements of private corporate bonds accounted for the bulk of the reduction. These retirements were largely in instruments denominated in US dollars. In November, the Canadian dollar continued to appreciate against the US dollar and reached its highest level since September 2018.
Largest foreign investment in Canadian shares since February 2019
Foreign investment in Canadian shares amounted to $4.5 billion in November, the largest investment since February 2019. This activity was led by secondary market acquisitions of shares of the banking sector. In November, Canadian stock prices rose 11.1%, the largest monthly gain since May 2009. The banking sector, as measured by the Standard and Poor's / Toronto Stock Exchange banks index, outperformed the overall market, with a 14.9% increase in share prices in the month.
Canadian investment in foreign securities focuses on US shares
Canadian investors increased their holdings of foreign securities by $7.6 billion in November. Holdings of foreign equity securities were up for an eighth consecutive month, as investors added $7.1 billion worth to their portfolios. Canadians targeted US shares, with purchases of $8.3 billion in the month, mainly shares of large capitalization technology firms. US stock prices were up by 10.8% in November, the largest monthly gain since April. Meanwhile, Canadians sold $1.2 billion of non-US foreign shares, their fifth consecutive monthly divestment.
Canadian investment in foreign debt securities was down significantly, from $6.4 billion in October to $475 million in November. This decline was led by a slowdown in investment in non-US foreign government bonds and a $1.1 billion divestment in US government bonds. In November, US long-term interest rates reached their highest level since March.
Note to readers
The data series on international transactions in securities covers portfolio transactions in equity and investment fund shares, bonds, and money market instruments for both Canadian and foreign issues. This activity excludes transactions in equity and debt instruments between affiliated enterprises, which are classified as foreign direct investment in the international accounts.
Equity and investment fund shares include common and preferred equities, as well as units or shares of investment funds.
Debt securities include bonds and money market instruments.
Bonds have an original term to maturity of more than one year.
Money market instruments have an original term to maturity of one year or less.
Government of Canada paper includes Treasury bills and US-dollar Canada bills.
All values in this release are net transactions unless otherwise stated.
Data on Canada's international transactions in securities for December will be released on February 16.
The Methodological Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (13-607-X) is available.
The User Guide: Canadian System of Macroeconomic Accounts (13-606-G) is also available.
The data visualization product "Securities statistics," part of the series Statistics Canada – Data Visualization Products (71-607-X), is available online.
The Canada and the World Statistics Hub (13-609-X) is available online. This product illustrates the nature and extent of Canada's economic and financial relationship with the world using interactive graphs and tables. This product provides easy access to information on trade, investment, employment and travel between Canada and a number of countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Mexico, China and Japan.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).