Consumer Price Index, August 2020
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 0.1% on a year-over-year basis in August, matching the 0.1% increase in July. Excluding gasoline, the CPI rose 0.6% in August, following a 0.7% increase in July.
On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the CPI rose 0.1% in August.
Quality adjustment infographic
Explore the new infographic "Measuring Pure Price Change in a Constantly Changing World" to see how the Consumer Price Index (CPI) reports pure price change using quality adjustment and constant quality principles.
Two ways of exploring the Consumer Price Index
Prices rose in five of the eight major components on a year-over-year basis in August.
Gas prices down in August
Gas prices were down 11.1% in August on a year-over-year basis, following a 14.9% decrease in July. The more moderate year-over-year price decline in August stemmed from weaker gas prices in August 2019, when gas prices declined as result of higher production and softer international demand.
Prices up for personal care services
Year over year, prices for personal care services increased 7.2% in August. This increase was mainly attributable to higher prices for haircuts and hairdressing as increased costs related to safety measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 were passed along to consumers.
Air transportation prices fall for the second consecutive month
Air transportation prices fell 16.0% year over year in August, following an 8.6% decline in July. Demand for air travel has fallen during the pandemic and airlines continue to offer travel discounts to encourage a return to travel.
Jewellery prices rise on higher gold prices
Jewellery prices rose 6.8% on a year-over-year basis in August, the highest yearly increase since July 2016, amid record-high commodity prices for gold.
Passenger vehicle prices grow at a slower pace with higher rebates
Year over year, the price increase for purchase of passenger vehicles was lower in August (+2.2%) than in July (+3.2%), mainly the result of higher rebates in August 2020 compared with August 2019.
Beef price growth slows for the second consecutive month
Year-over-year price growth for fresh or frozen beef (+4.8%) slowed as prices continued to fall from a 21.6% year-over-year increase in June 2020, when reduced production impacted supply and contributed to higher beef prices. By August, beef prices had returned to levels near those at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March.
Prices rose in five provinces on a year-over-year basis in August. Prices accelerated the most in Prince Edward Island, where consumers paid more for cigarettes (+7.8%) year over year in August following a provincial cigarette tax increase instated in mid-July.
Additional research related to COVID-19
For more information about the impact of COVID-19 on the CPI, please consult the research document entitled "Consumer expenditures during COVID-19: An exploratory analysis of the effects of changing consumption patterns on consumer price indexes," released on July 13, which explores new sources of expenditure data to estimate basket weights that reflect shifting consumption patterns during the early months of the pandemic. An update to this research will be released on October 8.
For more information on consumer expenditures during COVID-19, users can consult two available documents. The first is "Canadian Consumers Prepare for COVID-19," released on April 8, which examines the shifting consumption patterns of Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic up to March 14. The second is "Canadian Consumers Adapt to COVID-19: A Look at Canadian Grocery Sales up to April 11," released on May 11, which explores a continued shift in the consumption patterns of Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic up to April 11.
Consumer Price Index, major components and special aggregates, Canada – Not seasonally adjusted
Consumer Price Index for the provinces and for Whitehorse, Yellowknife and Iqaluit – Not seasonally adjusted
Consumer Price Index statistics, preferred measures of core inflation – Bank of Canada definitions, year-over-year percent change, Canada,
Note to readers
COVID-19 and the Consumer Price Index
Statistics Canada continues to monitor the impacts of the novel coronavirus (also known as COVID-19) on Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI).
In August, measures remained in place across much of the country to restrict gatherings and the movement of people. In-person field collection continued to be conducted via telephone or Internet for health and safety reasons, supplementing prices collected via web scraping, transaction data and administrative data. Due to the impact of COVID-19 on product availability in the month of August 2020, select sub-components of the CPI received temporary special imputations.
Goods and services in the CPI which were not available to consumers in August due to COVID-19 restrictions received special treatments, effectively removing their impact on the monthly CPI. The following sub-indexes were imputed from the monthly change in the All-items index: travel tours, components of spectator entertainment, and recreational services.
Consistent with previous months affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, prices for suspended flights are excluded from the August CPI calculation because passengers were ultimately unable to consume them. As a result, select sub-components of the air transportation index were imputed from the parent index.
Where prices were missing due to high levels of out-of-stock products or the temporary closure of businesses, they were imputed with the average price movement of available prices for those items.
A document entitled "Technical Supplement for the August 2020 Consumer Price Index" is available in the Prices Analytical Series () publication, with further details on the imputations used to compile the August 2020 62F0014MCPI.
Cellular services index
The cellular services index is available upon request. For more information, please contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca).
Real-time data tables
Real-time data table 18-10-0259-01 will be updated on September 28.
The CPI for September will be released on October 21.
The "Consumer Price Index Data Visualization Tool" is available on the Statistics Canada website.
More information about the concepts and use of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is available in The Canadian Consumer Price Index Reference Paper (62-553-X).
For information on the history of the CPI in Canada, consult the publication Exploring the First Century of Canada's Consumer Price Index (62-604-X).
Two videos, "An Overview of Canada's Consumer Price Index (CPI)" and "The Consumer Price Index and Your Experience of Price Change," are available on Statistics Canada's YouTube channel.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).