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Number of employees in the agriculture sector, 2016, 2017 and 2018

Released: 2020-04-24

In 2018, there were 268,779 employees in the agriculture sector.

The horticulture industry hired the most employees per operation on average in 2018, with 21.6 employees in greenhouse, nursery and floriculture production; 17.3 employees in vegetable and melon farming; and 12.4 employees in fruit and tree nut farming.

More than half (51.5%) of all employees in the agriculture sector were seasonal employees in 2018. The greenhouse, nursery and floriculture production industry hired the most seasonal employees with 22.3% of all seasonal employees.

Data for 2016 and 2017 are also available.

  Note to readers

The number of employees was derived from T4 slips produced by agricultural businesses identified by the Agriculture Taxation Data Program. The full-time, part-time, or seasonal employee categories were derived from their employment income compared to the median wage of agricultural workers in their industry as reported in the Labour Force Survey, as well as the monthly employee account reported by agricultural businesses through payroll deductions and payments.

Today's release on estimates of agricultural employees is part of Statistics Canada's AgZero modernization project. This project will use leading-edge methods, data integration and advanced technologies to reduce the response burden on farmers to as close to zero as possible by 2026.

To learn more, visit the AgZero project webpage, Using leading-edge methods and advanced technologies to reduce response burden on farmers.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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