New motor vehicle registrations, 2011 to 2018
In 2018, 2.2% of new motor vehicles registered in Canada were zero-emission vehicles—either plug-in hybrid electric or full battery-electric vehicles.
Of these new zero-emission vehicles, 97% were registered in 2018 in three provinces: Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia.
From 2017 to 2018, the number of new zero-emission vehicles registered increased 115%.
New motor vehicle registrations in Canada
The total number of new motor vehicle registrations in Canada in 2018 was 1,978,562, declining 2.7% from their peak in 2017. Prior to this decrease, new motor vehicle registrations had increased each year since 2011.
By fuel type, only new registrations of gasoline-powered vehicles declined in 2018. All other fuel types reported increases, including battery electric vehicles (+152.7%), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (+85.1%) and hybrid electric vehicles (+11.1%).
Registrations of new diesel-powered vehicles reached their peak in 2014, then declined each subsequent year before increasing in 2018. Registrations of new hybrid electric vehicles declined in 2015 before increasing from 2016 to 2018.
New multi-purpose vehicles, a group which includes sport utility vehicles and crossovers, were the most popular vehicle type in Canada in 2018. By 2015, new multi-purpose vehicles surpassed passenger automobiles as the vehicle type with the highest number of new registrations in Canada.
Zero-emission vehicles in Canada
New zero-emission vehicles, a category which includes battery-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, represented 2.2% of all new motor vehicles registered in 2018.
Registrations of new zero-emission vehicles have grown over 8,300% since 2011, from 518 new vehicles registered in 2011 to 43,655 in 2018. Growth in the two zero-emission vehicle types—full battery-electric and plug-in hybrid electric—has been similar from 2011 to 2018. In 2018, new full battery-electric vehicles were the more popular option of the two zero-emission vehicle fuel types, with 22,544 new full battery-electric vehicles and 21,111 new plug-in hybrid electric vehicles registered.
New zero-emission vehicle registrations have been concentrated in three provinces that had or currently have rebate programs—Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia, where 97% of new zero-emission vehicles have been registered. New zero-emission vehicle registrations in all three of these provinces increased in 2018 compared with 2017, by 119.2% in Quebec, 94.2% in Ontario and 162.0% in British Columbia.
Since 2011, passenger automobiles have been the most popular vehicle type of new zero-emission vehicles registered. New multi-purpose zero-emission vehicles have seen an increase in the number of registrations since 2015. In 2018, there were 33,340 new zero-emission passenger automobiles registered in Canada, compared with 8,896 new zero-emission multi-purpose vehicles.
Note to readers
Estimates for Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and Alberta are currently unavailable because of contractual limitations of the existing data sharing agreement. However, they are included in the Canada total.
This survey represents the registration of new motor vehicles within the provinces and territories in a given year.
Estimates for British Columbia include the territories.
Statistics Canada has released the "New Motor Vehicle Registrations Data Visualization Tool" dashboard, an interactive tool that allows users to view new electrical vehicle trends at the provincial and national levels.
The new infographic "The road ahead is electric: New zero-emission vehicle registrations in Canada" is also available.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).