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Building permits, May 2018

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Released: 2018-07-10

Building permits — Canada

$8.2 billion

May 2018

4.7% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — N.L.

$53.1 million

May 2018

-0.9% decrease

(monthly change)

Building permits — P.E.I.

$36.1 million

May 2018

34.5% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — N.S.

$121.3 million

May 2018

-4.1% decrease

(monthly change)

Building permits — N.B.

$85.9 million

May 2018

11.3% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — Que.

$1,555.1 million

May 2018

-11.4% decrease

(monthly change)

Building permits — Ont.

$3,261.3 million

May 2018

12.0% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — Man.

$238.9 million

May 2018

-9.2% decrease

(monthly change)

Building permits — Sask.

$157.7 million

May 2018

-19.3% decrease

(monthly change)

Building permits — Alta.

$1,206.6 million

May 2018

1.4% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — B.C.

$1,489.7 million

May 2018

18.4% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — Y.T.

$19.3 million

May 2018

666.8% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — N.W.T.

$7.5 million

May 2018

374.5% increase

(monthly change)

Building permits — Nvt.


May 2018


(monthly change)

The value of permits issued by Canadian municipalities increased 4.7% to $8.2 billion in May. This followed a 4.7% drop in April, the only month this year where municipalities reported a total value below the $8.0 billion mark.

Chart 1  Chart 1: Total value of building permits
Total value of building permits

Chart 2  Chart 2: Value of building permits for residential and non-residential sectors
Value of building permits for residential and non-residential sectors

Residential sector: Multi-family dwellings reach record high

In the residential sector, municipalities issued $5.5 billion worth of permits in May, up 7.7% from April. This was the second-highest value on record, following the $5.7 billion worth of permits issued in October 2016. Five provinces posted increases, with Ontario and British Columbia reporting the largest gains.

The multi-family dwelling component reached a record high in May, with municipalities issuing $3.1 billion worth of building permits. The increase was the result of higher construction intentions in British Columbia, Ontario and Alberta.

The value of single-family dwelling permits also rose in May, up 6.2% from the previous month to $2.5 billion. This was the first increase following four consecutive monthly declines. Ontario led the seven provinces that registered increases.

Municipalities approved the construction of 21,344 new dwellings in May, up 6.6% from April. The rise was mainly attributable to multi-family dwellings, up 7.4% to 15,983 new units. Single-family dwellings increased 4.3% to 5,361 new units.

Chart 3  Chart 3: Month-to-month change in value of residential building permits, May 2018
Month-to-month change in value of residential building permits, May 2018

Non-residential sector: Commercial buildings post the largest decrease

The value of non-residential building permits declined 0.7% in May to $2.7 billion. Four provinces reported lower intentions, led by Alberta and Quebec.

In the commercial component, the value of building permits decreased 3.1% in May to $1.6 billion. Six provinces posted declines, with Quebec and Saskatchewan reporting the largest drops.

The value of institutional permits was down 3.9% in May to $522 million. This was the lowest reported value since July 2015, and continues an overall general decrease that began in October 2017. The decline began following the issuance of multiple permits for educational structures via the Post-Secondary Institutions Strategic Investment Fund and the construction of two new hospitals.

In contrast, the value of industrial permits increased 10.6% in May to $557 million. Seven provinces posted gains, led by Manitoba and New Brunswick.

Chart 4  Chart 4: Month-to-month change in value of non-residential building permits, May 2018
Month-to-month change in value of non-residential building permits, May 2018

Provinces and census metropolitan areas: Ontario and British Columbia register largest increases

The total value of building permits was up in five provinces in May, led by Ontario and British Columbia. Yukon also posted a notable gain. The value of building permits grew in 16 of 36 census metropolitan areas (CMAs), with the Toronto CMA reporting the largest increase (+$473 million).

The value of permits in Ontario rose 12.0% in May to $3.3 billion. Increases were reported in every component except industrial buildings. The value of building permits in the CMA of Toronto rose 37.9% to $1.7 billion, following three monthly declines. The gain was the result of higher construction intentions for residential dwellings. Toronto approved the construction of 3,562 multi-family dwelling units, the largest monthly total since August 2015.

British Columbia issued $1.5 billion worth of building permits in May (+18.4%). The increase was the result of higher construction intentions for multi-family dwellings in the CMA of Vancouver.

Yukon reported a large increase in May (+$17 million). Municipalities issued $19 million worth of building permits, with over 90% of the value stemming from residential construction. The gain was mainly attributable to the issuance of multiple permits for a large apartment-condominium project.

In contrast, Quebec posted an 11.4% decline in May to $1.6 billion. The decrease stemmed from lower construction intentions for multi-family dwellings and commercial buildings. The value of permits issued in the CMA of Montréal was down 20.1% in May, following a strong April where $1.1 billion worth of permits were issued.

  Note to readers

Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which facilitates month-to-month comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations. For information on seasonal adjustment, see Seasonally adjusted data – Frequently asked questions.

The Building Permits Survey covers over 2,400 municipalities, representing 95% of the Canadian population. The communities representing the other 5% of the population are very small and their levels of building activity have little impact on the total for the entire population.

Building permits data are used as a leading indicator of activity in the construction industry.

The value of planned construction activities presented in this release excludes engineering projects (such as waterworks, sewers or culverts) and land.

For the purposes of this release, the census metropolitan area of Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario/Quebec) is divided into two areas: the Ottawa part and the Gatineau part.

Unless otherwise specified, the highlights refer to seasonally adjusted current dollars and are ranked in terms of dollar change rather than percentage change.


Data for the current reference month are subject to revision based on late responses. Seasonally adjusted data for the previous two months have been revised. Non-seasonally adjusted data have been revised for the previous month only.

Trend-cycle estimates have been added to the charts as a complement to the seasonally adjusted series. Both the seasonally adjusted and the trend-cycle estimates are subject to revision as additional observations become available. These revisions could be large and even lead to a reversal of movement, especially at the end of the series. The higher variability associated with the trend-cycle estimates is indicated with a dotted line on the chart.

For information on trend-cycle data, see the StatCan Blog and Trend-cycle estimates – Frequently asked questions.

Next release

Data on building permits for June will be released on August 8.

Contact information

For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; or Media Relations (613-951-4636;

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