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Education Indicators in Canada, biannual

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Released: 2018-03-21

In 2014/2015, Canada spent $2,952 per capita on all levels of education combined, down 2% from 2007/2008. The highest per capita expenditure was in the Northwest Territories in 2014/2015, while the lowest was in New Brunswick.

New tables from the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) are now available.

This edition includes information on education expenditures, elementary and secondary school educators, postsecondary education, and educational attainment of the Canadian population aged 25 to 64.

The largest component of spending in education is educator salaries, accounting for almost two-thirds of current expenditure in 2014, the latest year for which data are available. This edition of PCEIP also provides information about educators themselves. Among the findings is that elementary/secondary educators are aging, as the proportion of full-time elementary/secondary educators under the age of 30 fell from 13% in 2006/2007 to 9% in 2015/2016.

Elementary/secondary educators continued to be predominantly female. From 2006/2007 to 2015/2016, the proportion of male full-time educators decreased from 30% to 26%.

Gender differences can also be observed for postsecondary enrolments. In 2015/2016, women accounted for the majority of full-time students at both the bachelor's and master's levels. They accounted for just under half of enrolments at the doctoral level. Overall, women also accounted for more than half of all college enrolments in 2015/2016. In some fields of study, the proportion of women was even larger as they accounted for over 80% of college enrolments in education, health and related fields, social and behavioural sciences, and law.

From 2011 to 2016, educational attainment at the college level increased for both the Métis (from 23% to 26%) and Inuit (from 16% to 19%). Among First Nations, Métis and Inuit, the proportion of the populations aged 25 to 64 years who attained at least a high school diploma rose from 71% in 2011 to 74% in 2016.

  Note to readers

The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program is an ongoing initiative of the Canadian Education Statistics Council, a partnership between Statistics Canada and the Council of Ministers of Education (Canada) that provides a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada.


The publication Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program, March 2018 (Catalogue number81-582-X) is now available.

The product Education Indicators in Canada: Handbook for the Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (Catalogue number81-582-G) is also now available. This handbook provides general descriptions for each indicator, and the major concepts and definitions used, as well as an overview of the methodology, limitations and data sources.

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