Building permits, May 2017
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Canadian municipalities issued $7.7 billion worth of building permits in May, up 8.9% from April and the third highest value on record. The national increase was mainly the result of higher construction intentions for residential buildings, particularly in Ontario. Seven provinces registered gains in the total value of building permits in May, and every building component increased except institutional structures.
Residential sector: Both multi-family and single-family components report higher construction intentions
The value of residential building permits issued by Canadian municipalities increased 10.8% from April to $5.0 billion in May. Six provinces registered gains in the month, with Ontario reporting the largest increase, followed distantly by Alberta and British Columbia.
The multi-family component rose 15.0% in May to $2.3 billion, following a 6.9% gain in April. Construction intentions were up for every type of multi-family dwelling, led by row houses. Meanwhile, the value of single-family building permits rose 7.4% to $2.7 billion in May, stemming mainly from single homes in Ontario.
Canadian municipalities approved the construction of 18,037 new dwellings in May (up 7.2% compared with April), consisting of 12,032 multi-family units (+11.8%) and 6,005 single-family units (-1.0%). Ontario contributed the most to the increase in new dwellings approved in May, bringing the year-to-date number of new dwellings approved in that province to 35,860. In comparison, Ontario approved the construction of 30,661 new dwellings from January to May 2016.
British Columbia reported a second consecutive monthly gain in new multi-family units approved following a notable decrease in March 2017, while over 100 new multi-family units were approved in Prince Edward Island for just the fourth month since January 1989.
Non-residential sector: Commercial and industrial components register increases
The value of building permits issued for non-residential structures rose 5.6% in May to $2.7 billion, marking a third consecutive monthly increase. Alberta and New Brunswick led the five provinces that posted gains in the non-residential sector in May.
The commercial component rose 12.9% in May to $1.5 billion, as increases were registered across several building categories, led by retail and wholesale construction intentions. Every province except Nova Scotia and Alberta reported gains in the value of commercial building permits.
The industrial component rose for a third consecutive month, up 9.8% in May to $545 million. This increase was mainly due to higher construction intentions for maintenance buildings in Ontario.
In contrast, the value of building permits issued for institutional structures fell 9.1% to $719 million in May. This followed notable construction intentions in April for government administration buildings and medical facilities.
Provinces and census metropolitan areas
The total value of building permits rose in seven provinces in May, led by Ontario and Alberta. Meanwhile, construction intentions were up in 22 of 36 census metropolitan areas (CMAs), led by Hamilton, Toronto, Calgary, and the Ontario part of Ottawa–Gatineau.
In Ontario, the gain in May stemmed primarily from the residential sector, the result of increases in both the multi-family and single-family components in the Toronto CMA. The industrial component in Ontario rose for a third consecutive month, with the gain in May mostly attributable to higher construction intentions for maintenance buildings in the Hamilton CMA. The commercial component, specifically the hotel and restaurant category, led the increase in the total value of building permits in the Ontario part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA.
The increase in construction intentions in Alberta in May stemmed from institutional structures, as well as multi-family dwellings. This gain coincided with a notable increase in the multi-family component in the Calgary CMA, but was moderated by the Edmonton CMA, which registered lower construction intentions in all building components for the month, except institutional structures.
May 2017 marks the one year anniversary of the start of the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfire.
During this period, the municipality of Wood Buffalo issued record levels of both the unadjusted number of building permits and the unadjusted value of building permits for residential dwellings.
In the 12 months to May, 1,817 residential building permits worth $493 million were issued for Wood Buffalo, compared to an annual average of 1,311 residential building permits totalling $194 million since the beginning of the 21st century. In May 2017 alone, Wood Buffalo issued 305 residential building permits worth $92 million, the highest monthly levels for this municipality since January 2000.
In celebration of the country's 150th birthday, Statistics Canada is presenting snapshots from our rich statistical history.
Construction intentions for hotels and restaurants generally rise and fall in tandem with the economic cycle. In other words, they are up in good economic times and down in bad economic times.
The first peak in the value of hotel and restaurant permits since the current data series began (1978) occurred in 1981 when $524 million in permits were issued. This was just prior to the economic recession of 1982, when the value of permits fell 45.7% to $284 million.
Construction intentions for hotels and restaurants peaked again in 1988 at $846 million, then fell sharply in the early 1990s to hit their lowest level on record at $259 million in 1994.
The value of hotel and restaurant permits picked up in the latter half of the 1990s and through the early 2000s, breaking the $1 billion mark in 2002. The value peaked at $1.9 billion in 2008. The recession of 2009 then brought permit values down almost 30% to $1.4 billion.
Construction intentions for hotels and restaurants broke the $2 billion mark in 2011, and peaked at a record $2.9 billion in 2014. One reason for the strong growth in permit values over this period involved permits being issued for work camps in northern Alberta to house oil sand workers. In 2012 and 2013, the value of hotel and restaurant permits in Alberta exceeded the totals for Ontario.
The value of hotel and restaurant permits totalled $1.9 billion in 2016, almost $1 billion lower than the peak in 2014. This decrease was partially attributable to a sharp drop in Alberta, where the value of permits for hotels and restaurants fell more than 50% from 2013 levels.
Dwelling units, value of residential and non-residential building permits, Canada – Seasonally adjusted
Note to readers
Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which facilitate comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations. For information on seasonal adjustment, see Seasonally adjusted data – Frequently asked questions. The data presented in the Canada 150 section is not seasonally adjusted.
The Building Permits Survey covers over 2,400 municipalities, representing 95% of the Canadian population. The communities representing the other 5% of the population are very small and their levels of building activity have little impact on the total for the entire population.
Building permits data are used as a leading indicator of activity in the construction industry.
The value of planned construction activities presented in this release excludes engineering projects (such as waterworks, sewers or culverts) and land.
For the purposes of this release, the census metropolitan area of Ottawa–Gatineau (Ontario/Quebec) is divided into two areas: the Gatineau part and the Ottawa part.
Unless otherwise specified, the highlights refer to seasonally adjusted current dollars and are ranked in terms of dollar change rather than percentage change.
Data for the current reference month are subject to revision based on late responses. Data for the previous month have been revised.
Trend-cycle estimates have been added to the charts as a complement to the seasonally adjusted series. Both the seasonally adjusted and the trend-cycle estimates are subject to revision as additional observations become available. These revisions could be large and even lead to a reversal of movement, especially at the end of the series. The higher variability associated with the trend-cycle estimates is indicated with a dotted line on the chart.
For information on trend-cycle data, see the StatCan Blog and Trend-cycle estimates – Frequently asked questions.
Data for June on building permits will be released on August 9.
The May issue of Building Permits (64-001-X) will soon be available.
For more information, or to enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@canada.ca) or Media Relations (613-951-4636; STATCAN.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.STATCAN@canada.ca).
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