Greenhouse, sod and nursery industries, 2013
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Sales of greenhouse, nursery and sod products in Canada were nearly $3.5 billion in 2013, up 5.6% from 2012. This gain was partly the result of a 16.1% increase in greenhouse vegetable and fruit sales, which accounted for 36.1% of all greenhouse, nursery and sod sales.
Sales of peppers grew 24.2% to $389 million, and tomato sales rose 17.8% to $515 million. Tomatoes represented 41.1% of greenhouse vegetable and fruit sales, while peppers accounted for 31.1%.
Sales of greenhouse flowers and plants grew 2.6% to $1.4 billion. Floriculture represented 52.7% of total greenhouse sales in 2013. Indoor and outdoor potted plants accounted for more than half of flower and plant sales.
Increases in greenhouse sales were accompanied by a 2.8% rise in total operating expenses. Plant material purchases were up 10.8% to $441 million, while labour costs grew 1.8% to $638 million. However, the total number of seasonal and permanent greenhouse workers decreased 7.5% to 33,761. Labour cost accounted for 29.7% of total operating expenses.
On the nursery side, sales of nursery products declined 2.8% to $673 million. The total nursery area declined 12.9% to 18 279 hectares. Nursery operation expenses fell 1.7% to $593 million in 2013, and labour accounted for 38.2% of total nursery operation costs. Nurseries employed 14,123 people in 2013, down 8.7% from 2012.
In 2013, sod sales decreased 4.3% to $154 million.
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