Payroll employment, earnings and hours, June 2013
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Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $919 in June, up 0.2% from the previous month. On a year-over-year basis, earnings increased 2.6%.
The 2.6% increase in weekly earnings during the 12 months to June reflected a number of factors including wage growth, changes in composition of employment by industry, occupation and level of job experience, as well as average hours worked per week. In June, non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 32.9 hours per week, down from 33.1 hours per week recorded both the month before as well as in June 2012.
Average weekly earnings by sector
Year-over-year growth in average weekly earnings outpaced the national average in five of the largest industrial sectors.
From a recent low in June 2012, average weekly earnings grew by 8.1% in administrative and support services to $764. Several industries posted earnings increases over the year, including business support services; office administrative services; employment services as well as investigation and security services.
Weekly earnings in wholesale trade rose 4.9% to $1,107 in the 12 months to June, with most of the gains since October 2012. Growth over the 12-month period was driven by merchant wholesalers in machinery, equipment and supplies; motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and accessories and wholesalers of food.
In professional, scientific and technical services, weekly earnings increased 3.6% to $1,273. Growth was highest in scientific research and development services as well as computer systems design and related services.
Average weekly earnings in manufacturing increased 3.5% to $1,044 year over year, led by growth in the manufacturing of transportation equipment; chemical products; and computer and electronic products.
In public administration, weekly earnings rose 3.2% to $1,174, mainly the result of increases in local, municipal and regional and federal government public administration.
From a high in June 2012, weekly earnings in accommodation and food services decreased by 2.2% to $362 in the 12 months to June. Declines were concentrated in full-service restaurants and limited-service eating places.
Average weekly earnings by province
Year-over-year earnings growth of non-farm payroll employees continued to increase in Saskatchewan and Alberta. These two provinces have had the highest year-over-year growth among all provinces for five consecutive months.
Average weekly earnings in Saskatchewan rose 4.2% to $953, with gains spread across the goods and services industries.
In Alberta, average weekly earnings increased 3.9% to $1,110 in the 12 months to June, with growth in most sectors.
The lowest year-over-year growth was in Manitoba, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, where earnings increased by less than 1% in each province. In June, average weekly earnings in Manitoba amounted to $836, in New Brunswick, it was $822, and in Prince Edward Island, $764.
Non-farm payroll employment by sector
Total non-farm payroll employment edged down by 3,600 in June, following little change in May. In the 12 months to June, the number of non-farm payroll employees rose by 66,600 or 0.4%. Employment has been little changed since August 2012.
In June, the number of payroll employees declined in construction; public administration; transportation and warehousing and "other services". At the same time, there were increases in administrative and support services as well as educational services.
Among all sectors, real estate and rental and leasing posted the highest 12-month growth rate in payroll employment at 5.0%, with most of the gains occurring since December 2012. Growth rates from June 2012 to June 2013 were also notable in accommodation and food services (+3.2%), a sector that has been on an upward trend since early 2011. Educational services, up 2.5% from 12 months earlier, has been on an upward trend for the past two years.
Since June 2012, there have been notable job declines in three sectors. Payroll employment fell by 2.6% in information and cultural industries, with the losses spread across a number of industries within the sector. In public administration, employment decreased by 1.8%, mostly a result of losses in federal public administration in 2013. In the 12 months to June, manufacturing payroll employment was down by 1.0%, with the declines occurring since March 2013.
Construction strike in Quebec
There were strikes in the last two weeks of June 2013 in the construction sector in Quebec. Declines in total employment, payroll and hours were observed in the sector. However, the survey is not designed to measure the full impact of strikes, especially those that last less than a month. Therefore, the impact is not fully reflected in the estimates.
Floods in Southern Alberta
Extensive flooding began in Southern Alberta in the second half of June, followed by evacuations and cleanup. The flood could have had some impact on the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours estimates for Alberta.
For more direct estimates on the impact of the flood on hours worked, specific questions were added to the July Labour Force Survey. The results were published in the August 27 issue of The Daily.
Note to readers
The Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH) is produced by a combination of a census of payroll deductions, provided by the Canada Revenue Agency, and the Business Payrolls Survey (BPS), which collects data from a sample of 15,000 establishments. Its key objective is to provide a monthly portrait of the level of earnings, the number of jobs and hours worked by detailed industry at the national, provincial and territorial level.
Estimates of average weekly earnings and hours are based on a sample and are therefore subject to sampling variability. Payroll employment estimates are based on a census of administrative data and are not subject to sampling variability.
Statistics Canada also produces employment estimates from its monthly Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS is a household survey, the main objective of which is to divide the working-age population into three mutually exclusive groups: the employed (including the self-employed), unemployed and not in the labour force. This survey is the official source for the unemployment rate and collects data on the socio-demographic characteristics of all those in the labour market.
As a result of conceptual and methodological differences, estimates of changes from SEPH and LFS do differ from time to time. However, the trends in the data are quite similar.
Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which facilitates comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations. For more information on seasonal adjustment, see Seasonal adjustment and identifying economic trends.
Non-farm payroll employment data are for all hourly and salaried employees, as well as the "other employees" category, which includes piece-rate and commission-only employees.
Average weekly hours data are for hourly and salaried employees only and exclude businesses that could not be classified to a North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code.
All earnings data include overtime pay and exclude businesses that could not be classified to a NAICS code. Earnings data are based on gross taxable payroll before source deductions. Average weekly earnings are derived by dividing total weekly earnings by the number of employees.
With each release, data for the current reference month are subject to revision. Data have been revised for the previous month. Users are encouraged to request and use the most up-to-date data for each month.
A data table is available from the Browse by key resource module of our website under Summary tables.
Data on payroll employment, earnings and hours for July will be released on September 27.
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To enquire about the concepts, methods or data quality of this release, contact Jeannine Usalcas (613-951-4720; firstname.lastname@example.org), Labour Statistics Division.