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As a result of the discontinuation of E-STAT, some of the links to the tables available in the publication 98-187-X Introduction to Censuses of Canada, 1665-1871 were broken. The tables can be requested via the Statistics Canadas Data Liberation Initiative ( For the convenience of users, the tables are also available on the Queens University website: ( The website is in English as Queens University is not subject to the Official Languages Act.

If you are interested in tracing your ancestors, visit the Canadian Genealogy Centre. The Centre includes all physical and online genealogical services of Library and Archives Canada. It offers genealogical content, services, advice, research tools and opportunities to work on joint projects.

Estimated population of Canada, 1605 to present.

About Jean Talon, Canada’s first official statistician.

Reference map of 1665-66 New France [PDF].

Visit the Atlas of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, for Historical maps.

Visit the Museum of Civilization and the Virtual Museum of New France.

Visit the National Archives of Canada: Tracing the History of New France, The Canadian West virtual exhibition, Canada at Scale: Maps of Our History, and the Federal Census of 1871 (Ontario Index).

Visit the National Library of Canada: Canadian Confederation.

Visit the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples.

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