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- As of July 1, 2011, 23,901,900 people lived in a census metropolitan area (CMA), accounting for 69.3 % of the Canadian population.
- Between July 1, 2010 and July 1, 2011, the highest growth rates were observed in the CMAs of Saskatoon (25.7 per thousand), Ottawa-Gatineau, Quebec part (19.3 per thousand) and Regina (18.4 per thousand). The size of the population of only one CMA, Greater Sudbury, decreased during the last year (-6.3 per thousand).
- As of July 1, 2011, the median age of the population living in the country's 33 CMAs was 38.8 years, whereas the population not living in a CMA had a median age of 42.8 years.
- Saskatoon was the CMA with the youngest population in the country, with a median age of 34.9 years compared with 39.9 years for Canada. Apart from Saskatoon, Calgary (35.9 years), Edmonton (36.1 years) and Regina (36.3 years) were the youngest CMAs in the country. The CMAs of Saguenay and Trois-Rivières constituted the oldest CMAs in Canada. Both had a median age of 45.3 years.
- 60 of the 76 economic regions (ER) of the country experienced a positive demographic growth in 2010/2011. With a demographic growth of 36.0 per thousand, the ER of Wood Buffalo-Cold Lake (Fort McMurray) in Alberta stands out, capturing the top place among fastest growing ERs. In contrast, 16 ER saw declines in their population. The strongest decrease occurred in the ER of South Coast-Burin Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador (-15.3 per thousand).
- With a median age of 23.8 years as of July 1, 2011, the Northern Saskatchewan ER is the youngest region in Canada. Conversely, the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine ER in Quebec constitutes the oldest ER in the country, with a median age of 49.0 years.
- 187 of the 288 census divisions (CD) experienced a positive demographic growth between July 1, 2010 and July 1, 2011. Among the fastest growing CDs, Alberta's Division No. 16 CD was far ahead with a growth rate of 61.7 per thousand. In contrast, the biggest decrease was observed in British Columbia's Stikine CD (-30.5 per thousand).
- The median age crossed the symbolic threshold of 50 years in 19 Canadian CDs. In comparison, 10 CDs have median ages below 30 years, while the national average is 39.9 years. Nunavut's Keewatin CD was the youngest in the country, with a median age of 22.6 years while Quebec's Mékinac and Ontario's Haliburton CDs were the oldest at 52.6 years.
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