Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics Profile Series

    Household Income and Victimization in Canada, 2004

    Household Income and Victimization in Canada, 2004

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    By Andrea Taylor-Butts, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada

    The risk of becoming the victim of violent crime or household property crime can vary according to the mix of social, economic and demographic factors that characterize an individual's circumstances. Income is one such factor and is implicated in the risk of both violent and household criminal victimization (Siegel and McCormick, 1999; Besserer and Hendrick, 2001; Gannon and Mihorean, 2005).

    Using data primarily from the 2004 General Social Survey (GSS), this report profiles violent and household victimization among Canadians from low-income households (i.e., under $15,000).1, 2 The report also provides information on who victims turn to for help, perceptions of neighbourhood safety as well as fear of crime among Canadians from low-income households.


    This series of profiles provides analysis on a variety of topics and issues concerning victimization, offending and public perceptions of crime and the justice system. The profiles primarily draw on results from the General Social Survey on victimization. Where applicable, they also incorporate information from other data sources, such as the Census of the Population and the Incident-based Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.

    Examples of the topics explored through this series include: Victimization and offending in Canada's territories, Canadians' use of crime prevention measures and victimization of older Canadians. This is a unique periodical, of great interest to those who have to plan, establish, administer and evaluate justice programs and projects, or anyone who has an interest in Canada's justice system.


    1. Throughout this report, the lowest household income group (i.e., under $15,000) from the GSS is used as a proxy for low-income households and the highest income group (i.e., $60,000 or more) is used as a proxy for high income households. For further information, see Text box 1 "Household income and the General Social Survey (GSS)".

    2. Unless otherwise stated, differences reported are statistically significant.

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