Table 9
Characteristics of adults involved in custodial correctional services, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario, Saskatchewan and Correctional Service Canada (CSC), 2008/2009

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Characteristics Provincial custody Federal custody
number percent number percent
Total persons 75,559 100.0 22,656 100.0
Sex
Male
66,919 88.7 21,580 95.3
Female
8,565 11.3 1,076 4.7
Unknown
75 ... 0 ...
Age at last custodial status admission date
Under 18
19 0.0 36 0.2
18 to 19
5,109 6.8 682 3.0
20 to 24
14,522 19.2 3,839 16.9
25 to 29
12,737 16.9 4,154 18.3
30 to 34
10,322 13.7 3,375 14.9
35 to 39
9,506 12.6 3,319 14.6
40 to 44
9,032 12.0 2,841 12.5
45 to 49
7,024 9.3 2,030 9.0
50 and over
7,264 9.6 2,380 10.5
Unknown
24 ... 0 ...
Mean age
34.3 ... 35.4 ...
Median age
32.5 ... 33.8 ...
Marital status
Single (never married)
45,147 62.2 11,405 51.1
Married
8,089 11.1 1,807 8.1
Common-law
10,440 14.4 6,680 29.9
Separated/divorced
8,485 11.7 2,130 9.5
Widowed
416 0.6 295 1.3
Unknown
2,982 ... 339 ...
Education completed for age 25 and over1
No formal education
8 0.1 .. ...
Some primary
528 6.2 .. ...
Completed primary
666 7.8 .. ...
Some secondary
2,646 30.8 .. ...
Completed secondary
3,828 44.6 .. ...
Some postsecondary
269 3.1 .. ...
Completed postsecondary
640 7.5 .. ...
Unknown
841 ... .. ...
Employment status at admission1
Unemployed (but able to work)
5,645 47.3 .. ...
Employed (part-time, full-time)
4,899 41.0 .. ...
Not employable – disabled, medical reasons, etc.
401 3.4 .. ...
Student - not employed
473 4.0 .. ...
Retired - not employed
54 0.5 .. ...
Other - not employed
463 3.9 .. ...
Unknown
1,358 ... .. ...
Need indicated23
Substance abuse
4,631 91.8 15,097 73.0
Attitude
3,875 76.9 13,485 67.5
Family/marital
1,703 55.1 9,033 45.6
Personal/emotional
... ... 17,817 86.4
Social interaction
4,303 85.3 14,103 70.5
Employment
3,477 68.9 12,307 62.0
Community functioning
1,390 71.3 6,718 33.8
Number of needs indicated3
0 to 1
193 3.8 629 3.0
2 to 3
1,149 22.8 6,916 33.3
4 to 5
2,922 57.9 7,713 37.2
6 to 7
783 15.5 5,498 26.5
Mean number of needs
4.2 ... 4.3 ...
Median number of needs
4.0 ... 4.0 ...
Most serious offence, last custodial status
Violent offences
23,246 31.4 13,571 60.3
Serious violent offences4
6,938 9.4 5,704 25.3
Sexual offences
3,167 4.3 2,348 10.4
Robbery
2,799 3.8 4,612 20.5
Common assault
4,101 5.5 20 0.1
Other violent offences5
6,241 8.4 887 3.9
Property offences
13,119 17.7 3,265 14.5
Break and enter
3,821 5.2 2,346 10.4
Theft and possession of property
3,965 5.3 138 0.6
Fraud
1,994 2.7 476 2.1
Other property offences
3,339 4.5 305 1.4
Offences against the Administration of Justice
9,201 12.4 74 0.3
Breach of probation
5,654 7.6 0 0.0
Other Criminal Code offences (excludes traffic)
8,972 12.1 1,832 8.1
Criminal Code - traffic offences
2,734 3.7 647 2.9
Impaired driving
2,358 3.2 216 1.0
Drug offences
5,756 7.8 2,765 12.3
Other federal
1,190 1.6 148 0.7
Other offences6
1,917 2.6 0 0.0
Unknown
1,412 ... 138 ...
.. not available for a specific reference period
... not applicable

1. Provincial custody excludes Newfoundland and Labrador and Ontario due to missing data.
2. Needs analysis includes last assessment performed. Includes only those cases where need assessments were performed and need level is indicated as medium or high. Provincial custody includes Saskatchewan.
3. Includes only those cases in which needs were assessed. Need is indicated as being present when the need is assessed as medium or high. Maximum number of needs available is 7 and minimum is 0. Provincial custody includes Saskatchewan.
4. Includes homicide, attempted murder and major assault.
5. Includes utter threats, criminal harassment, and other crimes against the person.
6. Includes provincial/territorial offences and municipal bylaw infractions.
Notes: Percentage calculations exclude 'unknown'. Includes the most recent custodial status.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Integrated Correctional Services Survey.
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