Table 2
Homicides by census metropolitan area

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Census metropolitan areas (CMA)1 2009 2008 Average
1999 to 2008
population2 number of victims rate3 number of victims rate3 number of victims rate3
500,000 population and over
Winnipeg 771,642 32 4.15 31 4.08 23 3.30
Vancouver 2,325,317 61 2.62 54 2.37 54 2.52
Edmonton 1,162,247 30 2.58 39 3.43 31 2.98
Calgary 1,233,708 24 1.95 34 2.84 21 2.00
Toronto 5,587,342 90 1.61 103 1.87 92 1.79
Hamilton 712,579 9 1.26 6 0.85 11 1.53
Montréal 3,811,327 44 1.15 48 1.27 62 1.71
Ottawa4 926,003 10 1.08 11 1.20 10 1.20
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 518,203 4 0.77 4 0.78 5 0.97
Québec 746,417 2 0.27 8 1.08 6 0.83
Total 17,794,785 306 1.72 338 1.93 313 1.91
100,000 to less than 500,000 population
Abbotsford-Mission7 172,381 9 5.22 8 4.71 5 2.78
Thunder Bay 119,727 6 5.01 0 0.00 2 1.36
Saguenay 145,298 5 3.44 0 0.00 1 0.79
Halifax 398,049 12 3.01 7 1.78 7 1.76
Kingston7 158,670 4 2.52 1 0.63 2 1.54
Greater Sudbury 164,913 4 2.43 2 1.22 2 1.42
Saskatoon 265,714 6 2.26 4 1.55 7 2.76
Trois-Rivières 148,860 3 2.02 1 0.68 1 0.89
Regina 212,919 4 1.88 8 3.83 7 3.58
Kelowna6 178,801 3 1.68 6 3.43 4 2.34
Windsor 331,678 5 1.51 7 2.10 6 1.74
Moncton6 134,299 2 1.49 0 0.00 1 0.76
Brantford6 138,498 2 1.44 2 1.45 2 1.22
St. Catharines-Niagara 442,908 5 1.13 6 1.36 6 1.48
Victoria 351,889 3 0.85 5 1.43 5 1.47
Peterborough6 121,407 1 0.82 1 0.83 1 0.55
Guelph6 123,099 1 0.81 0 0.00 1 0.83
Oshawa 398,887 3 0.75 4 1.02 3 0.77
Gatineau5 301,403 2 0.66 4 1.35 4 1.33
London 490,420 3 0.61 2 0.41 6 1.21
Sherbrooke 185,084 1 0.54 0 0.00 1 0.64
Barrie6 196,639 1 0.51 0 0.00 2 1.21
St. John's 185,157 0 0.00 1 0.55 1 0.73
Saint John 102,521 0 0.00 1 0.98 1 0.86
Total 5,469,221 85 1.55 70 1.29 68 1.49
CMA totals 23,264,006 391 1.68 408 1.78 381 1.82
Non-CMA (Less than 100,000 population) 10,475,853 219 2.09 203 1.95 205 1.89
Canada 33,739,859 610 1.81 611 1.83 587 1.84
1. Note that a CMA usually comprises more than one police force.
2. The population estimates come from Statistics Canada, Demography Division. Populations as of July 1st 2010: updated postcensal for 2008 and preliminary postcensal for 2009.
3. Rates are calculated per 100,000 population.
4. Ottawa refers to the Ontario part of the Ottawa-Gatineau CMA.
5. Gatineau refers to the Quebec part of the Ottawa-Gatineau CMA.
6. Barrie, Kelowna, Brantford, Moncton, Guelph and Peterborough became CMAs in 2006. Average number and rate are calculated from 2006 to 2008.
7. Abbotsford-Mission and Kingston became CMAs in 2001. Average number and rate are calculated from 2001 to 2008.
Note: Due to rounding, the sum of the averages may not add up to the total.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Homicide Survey.
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