Table 1
Homicide rates by province or territory, 1978 to 2008

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Standard table symbols

Year Newfoundland and Labrador Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia New Brunswick Quebec Ontario Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta British Columbia1 Yukon Northwest Territories2 Nunavut Canada Percent change Canada
rate3 percent
1978 1.59 3.29 1.54 3.86 2.79 2.12 3.75 3.36 4.15 3.25 8.42 8.84 ... 2.76 -8.0
1979 0.88 0.00 2.00 1.56 2.88 2.02 4.24 3.75 2.67 3.38 16.67 15.31 ... 2.61 -5.5
1980 0.52 0.81 1.41 1.27 2.78 1.81 3.00 3.20 2.51 3.83 8.22 8.64 ... 2.41 -7.4
1981 0.70 0.81 1.29 2.41 2.84 1.93 3.96 2.97 3.18 3.90 4.18 10.51 ... 2.61 8.1
1982 1.04 0.00 1.40 1.84 2.89 2.06 3.34 3.95 2.96 3.79 8.17 14.14 ... 2.66 1.7
1983 1.04 0.00 1.50 1.54 2.88 2.23 3.77 3.29 3.14 3.72 4.23 5.88 ... 2.69 1.2
1984 1.03 0.00 1.71 1.94 2.99 2.07 4.01 2.95 2.26 3.73 8.36 9.51 ... 2.60 -3.1
19854 0.86 0.78 2.94 1.93 3.29 2.08 2.40 2.73 2.62 3.80 24.63 18.38 ... 2.72 4.6
1986 0.69 0.00 1.69 1.65 2.33 1.47 4.31 2.53 2.63 2.96 12.26 25.60 ... 2.18 -20.0
1987 0.87 0.00 1.57 2.75 2.57 2.12 4.01 2.90 3.00 2.56 0.00 3.63 ... 2.43 11.7
1988 1.22 0.77 1.23 1.10 2.25 1.89 2.81 2.24 2.69 2.57 3.76 14.37 ... 2.15 -11.7
1989 0.87 0.77 1.77 2.45 3.10 1.73 3.90 2.16 2.69 2.69 7.38 12.27 ... 2.41 12.0
1990 0.00 0.77 0.99 1.62 2.63 1.77 3.53 3.57 2.91 3.34 3.60 20.37 ... 2.38 -1.1
1991 1.73 1.53 2.29 2.28 2.56 2.35 3.79 2.09 3.24 3.79 0.00 4.92 ... 2.69 12.9
1992 0.34 0.00 2.28 1.47 2.34 2.29 2.61 3.19 3.49 3.52 6.64 20.86 ... 2.58 -4.1
1993 1.21 1.51 2.06 1.47 2.22 1.80 2.77 2.98 1.84 3.36 0.00 11.04 ... 2.19 -15.3
1994 0.70 0.75 2.05 2.00 1.75 1.77 2.58 2.38 2.44 3.07 10.10 6.15 ... 2.06 -6.0
1995 0.88 0.74 1.83 1.86 1.87 1.65 2.39 2.07 2.19 3.18 13.14 4.52 ... 2.01 -2.4
1996 1.25 0.74 1.93 1.20 2.13 1.69 3.97 3.14 1.91 3.23 0.00 5.93 ... 2.14 6.9
1997 1.27 0.00 2.57 1.06 1.81 1.59 2.73 2.46 2.16 2.94 3.15 4.44 ... 1.96 -8.6
1998 1.30 0.74 2.58 0.67 1.88 1.37 2.90 3.24 2.21 2.26 9.63 7.44 ... 1.85 -5.6
1999 0.37 0.73 1.39 1.20 1.87 1.41 2.28 1.28 2.07 2.74 3.25 2.46 7.46 1.77 -4.4
2000 1.14 2.20 1.61 1.33 2.04 1.34 2.61 2.58 1.96 2.10 6.57 2.47 10.91 1.78 0.5
2001 0.19 1.46 0.97 1.07 1.89 1.43 2.95 2.70 2.29 2.06 3.32 9.79 10.66 1.78 0.2
2002 0.38 0.73 0.96 1.20 1.59 1.47 3.11 2.71 2.24 3.07 0.00 9.60 6.94 1.86 4.1
2003 0.96 0.73 0.85 1.07 1.32 1.45 3.69 4.11 2.01 2.28 3.23 9.40 10.23 1.74 -6.5
2004 0.39 0.00 1.49 0.93 1.47 1.51 4.26 3.91 2.65 2.72 22.24 9.24 13.40 1.95 12.6
2005 2.14 0.00 2.13 1.20 1.32 1.75 4.16 4.33 3.25 2.41 3.13 0.00 6.59 2.06 5.2
2006 1.37 0.73 1.71 0.94 1.22 1.55 3.29 4.23 2.78 2.55 0.00 0.00 6.49 1.86 -9.5
2007r 0.59 0.00 1.39 1.07 1.17 1.58 5.11 3.00 2.51 2.04 6.14 4.59 22.40 1.80 -3.0
2008 0.98 1.43 1.28 0.40 1.19 1.36 4.47 2.95 3.07 2.67 9.05 6.93 12.72 1.83 1.7
1. As a result of investigations in Port Coquitlam, B.C., there were 5 homicides reported in 2007, 5 reported in 2004, 7 reported in 2003 and 15 included in 2002 that occurred in previous years. Homicides are counted according to the year in which police file the report.
2. Includes Nunavut before 1999.
3. Rates are calculated per 100,000 population. Population estimates at July 1st provided by Statistics Canada, Demography Division. Estimates are final intercensal from 1978 to 2005, final postcensal for 2006, updated postcensal for 2007 and preliminary postcensal for 2008.
4. Excludes 329 victims in the Air India incident.
Note: There are some homicides that are included in a given year's total that occurred in previous years. Homicides are counted according to the year in which police submit the Homicide Survey to Statistics Canada.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Homicide Survey.
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