Table 1-1
Deaths and mortality rate, by selected grouped causes, sex and geography — Canada1

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

PDF | Symbols Next

Canada


Table summary
This table displays the results of canada number of deaths, crude mortality rate per 100,000 population  and age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population , calculated using both sexes, males and females units of measure (appearing as column headers).

  Number of deaths Crude mortality rate per 100,000 population  Note 2 Age-standardized mortality rate per 100,000 population  Note 2
Both sexes Males Females Both sexes Males Females Both sexes Males Females
Total, all causes of death
(A00-Y89)  Note 3  Note 3Note 4Note 5
238,418 120,311 118,107 706.8 719.3 694.6 515.0 629.9 423.5
Salmonella infections (A01-A02) 5 1 4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Shigellosis and amoebiasis (A03,
A06)
2 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Certain other intestinal infections
(A04, A07-A09)
1,377 561 816 4.1 3.4 4.8 2.7 3.0 2.6
Tuberculosis (A16-A19) 61 41 20 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Respiratory tuberculosis (A16) 45 29 16 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Other tuberculosis (A17-A19) 16 12 4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Whooping cough (A37) 1 0 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Scarlet fever and erysipelas
(A38, A46)
0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Meningococcal infection (A39) 12 5 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Septicaemia (A40-A41) 2,211 1,026 1,185 6.6 6.1 7.0 4.7 5.4 4.2
Syphilis (A50-A53) 3 1 2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Acute poliomyelitis (A80) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Arthropod-borne viral encephalitis
(A83-A84, A85.2)
0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Measles (B05) 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Viral hepatitis (B15-B19) 451 295 156 1.3 1.8 0.9 1.0 1.3 0.7
Human immunodeficiency virus
[HIV] disease (B20-B24)
355 285 70 1.1 1.7 0.4 0.9 1.4 0.4
Malaria (B50-B54) 2 2 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other and unspecified infectious
and parasitic diseases and their sequelae  Note 6
529 262 267 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.1
Malignant neoplasms (C00-C97) 71,125 37,452 33,673 210.9 223.9 198.0 160.3 192.5 136.8
Malignant neoplasms of lip, oral
cavity and pharynx (C00-C14)
1,065 721 344 3.2 4.3 2.0 2.4 3.6 1.4
Malignant neoplasm of oesophagus
(C15)
1,685 1,264 421 5.0 7.6 2.5 3.8 6.3 1.7
Malignant neoplasm of stomach
(C16)
1,911 1,177 734 5.7 7.0 4.3 4.3 6.0 2.9
Malignant neoplasms of colon,
rectum and anus (C18-C21)
7,810 4,203 3,607 23.2 25.1 21.2 17.3 21.5 13.8
Malignant neoplasm of liver and
intrahepatic bile ducts (C22)
1,950 1,256 694 5.8 7.5 4.1 4.5 6.4 2.8
Malignant neoplasm of pancreas
(C25)
3,981 1,985 1,996 11.8 11.9 11.7 9.0 10.1 7.9
Malignant neoplasm of larynx
(C32)
439 368 71 1.3 2.2 0.4 1.0 1.9 0.3
Malignant neoplasms of trachea,
bronchus and lung (C33-C34)
19,112 10,572 8,540 56.7 63.2 50.2 43.9 54.3 36.1
Malignant melanoma of skin (C43) 1,019 634 385 3.0 3.8 2.3 2.3 3.2 1.6
Malignant neoplasm of breast
(C50)
4,990 46 4,944 14.8 0.3 29.1 11.2 0.2 20.4
Malignant neoplasm of cervix
uteri (C53)
Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 370 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.7
Malignant neoplasms of corpus
uteri and uterus, part unspecified (C54-C55)
Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 862 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.6
Malignant neoplasm of ovary (C56) Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,597 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.7
Malignant neoplasm of prostate
(C61)
Note ...: not applicable 3,745 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 22.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 19.6 Note ...: not applicable
Malignant neoplasms of kidney
and renal pelvis (C64-C65)
1,547 974 573 4.6 5.8 3.4 3.5 4.9 2.3
Malignant neoplasm of bladder
(C67)
1,910 1,330 580 5.7 8.0 3.4 4.1 6.9 2.1
Malignant neoplasms of meninges,
brain and other parts of central nervous system (C70-C72)
1,867 1,102 765 5.5 6.6 4.5 4.5 5.7 3.5
Malignant neoplasms of lymphoid,
haematopoietic and related tissue (C81-C96)
6,558 3,629 2,929 19.4 21.7 17.2 14.9 18.9 11.8
Hodgkin's disease (C81) 126 71 55 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (C82-C85) 2,597 1,419 1,178 7.7 8.5 6.9 5.9 7.3 4.7
Leukaemia (C91-C95) 2,463 1,390 1,073 7.3 8.3 6.3 5.6 7.3 4.3
Multiple myeloma and immunoproliferative
neoplasms (C88, C90)
1,352 736 616 4.0 4.4 3.6 3.0 3.8 2.5
Other and unspecified malignant
neoplasms of lymphoid, haematopoietic and related tissue (C96)
20 13 7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
All other and unspecified malignant
neoplasms (C17, C23-C24, C26-C31, C37-C41, C44-C49, C51-C52, C57-C60, C62-C63, C66, C68-C69, C73-C80, C97)
8,707 4,446 4,261 25.8 26.6 25.1 19.3 23.0 16.4
In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms
and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behaviour (D00-D48)
1,459 738 721 4.3 4.4 4.2 3.1 3.9 2.6
Anaemias (D50-D64) 524 235 289 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.0 1.3 0.9
Diabetes mellitus (E10-E14) 6,923 3,616 3,307 20.5 21.6 19.5 14.9 18.7 11.9
Nutritional deficiencies (E40-E64) 220 85 135 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.4
Malnutrition (E40-E46) 185 69 116 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.4
Other nutritional deficiencies
(E50-E64)
35 16 19 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Meningitis (G00, G03) 75 38 37 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Parkinson's disease (G20-G21) 1,901 1,116 785 5.6 6.7 4.6 3.9 5.8 2.6
Alzheimer's disease (G30) 6,281 1,932 4,349 18.6 11.6 25.6 11.8 10.2 12.6
Major cardiovascular diseases
(I00-I78)
68,342 34,150 34,192 202.6 204.2 201.1 139.9 177.2 109.5
Diseases of heart (I00-I09,
I11, I13, I20-I51)
49,271 25,950 23,321 146.1 155.1 137.2 101.4 134.2 74.9
Acute rheumatic fever and chronic
rheumatic heart diseases (I00-I09)
411 139 272 1.2 0.8 1.6 0.9 0.7 1.0
Hypertensive heart disease (I11) 755 304 451 2.2 1.8 2.7 1.5 1.5 1.4
Hypertensive heart and renal
disease (I13)
121 44 77 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ischaemic heart diseases (I20-I25) 35,896 20,051 15,845 106.4 119.9 93.2 74.3 103.2 51.1
Acute myocardial infarction (I21-I22) 15,111 8,567 6,544 44.8 51.2 38.5 31.7 43.9 21.7
Other acute ischaemic heart diseases
(I24)
1,093 563 530 3.2 3.4 3.1 2.3 2.9 1.8
Other forms of chronic ischaemic
heart disease (I20, I25)
19,692 10,921 8,771 58.4 65.3 51.6 40.4 56.4 27.7
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular
disease, so described (I25.0)
1,641 1,019 622 4.9 6.1 3.7 3.6 5.2 2.2
All other forms of chronic ischaemic
heart disease (I20, I25.1-I25.9)
18,051 9,902 8,149 53.5 59.2 47.9 36.8 51.2 25.5
Other heart diseases (I26-I51) 12,088 5,412 6,676 35.8 32.4 39.3 24.5 28.5 21.2
Acute and subacute endocarditis
(I33)
113 74 39 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2
Diseases of pericardium and acute
myocarditis (I30-I31, I40)
85 40 45 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Heart failure (I50) 4,211 1,704 2,507 12.5 10.2 14.7 8.1 9.1 7.3
All other forms of heart disease
(I26-I28, I34-I38, I42-I49, I51)
7,679 3,594 4,085 22.8 21.5 24.0 16.0 18.8 13.5
Essential hypertension and hypertensive
renal disease (I10, I12, I15)
1,584 585 999 4.7 3.5 5.9 3.1 3.1 3.0
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69) 14,105 5,823 8,282 41.8 34.8 48.7 28.4 30.5 26.4
Atherosclerosis (I70) 816 335 481 2.4 2.0 2.8 1.6 1.7 1.4
Other diseases of circulatory
system (I71-I78)
2,566 1,457 1,109 7.6 8.7 6.5 5.4 7.6 3.8
Aortic aneurysm and dissection
(I71)
1,564 993 571 4.6 5.9 3.4 3.4 5.2 2.0
Other diseases of arteries, arterioles
and capillaries (I72-I78)
1,002 464 538 3.0 2.8 3.2 2.1 2.4 1.8
Other disorders of circulatory
system (I80-I99)
361 176 185 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.7
Influenza and pneumonia (J09-J18) 5,826 2,694 3,132 17.3 16.1 18.4 11.7 14.3 10.0
Influenza (J09-J11) 530 237 293 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.2
Pneumonia (J12-J18) 5,296 2,457 2,839 15.7 14.7 16.7 10.4 13.0 8.7
Other acute lower respiratory
infections (J20-J22)
83 30 53 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis
(J20-J21)
57 25 32 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Unspecified acute lower respiratory
infection (J22)
26 5 21 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Chronic lower respiratory
diseases (J40-J47)
10,859 5,525 5,334 32.2 33.0 31.4 22.9 29.1 19.0
Bronchitis, chronic and unspecified
(J40-J42)
120 57 63 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2
Emphysema (J43) 623 359 264 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.9 1.0
Asthma (J45-J46) 228 75 153 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.5
Other chronic lower respiratory
diseases (J44, J47)
9,888 5,034 4,854 29.3 30.1 28.5 20.8 26.5 17.2
Pneumoconioses and chemical effects
(J60-J66, J68)
84 74 10 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0
Pneumonitis due to solids and
liquids (J69)
1,710 898 812 5.1 5.4 4.8 3.4 4.7 2.6
Other diseases of respiratory
system (J00-J06, J30-J39, J67, J70-J98)
2,734 1,484 1,250 8.1 8.9 7.4 5.9 7.8 4.4
Peptic ulcer (K25-K28) 420 213 207 1.2 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.1 0.7
Diseases of appendix (K35-K38) 63 34 29 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Hernia (K40-K46) 312 146 166 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.6
Chronic liver disease and
cirrhosis (K70, K73-K74)
2,683 1,751 932 8.0 10.5 5.5 6.2 8.5 4.1
Alcoholic liver disease (K70) 1,449 1,048 401 4.3 6.3 2.4 3.4 5.0 1.9
Other chronic liver disease and
cirrhosis (K73-K74)
1,234 703 531 3.7 4.2 3.1 2.8 3.5 2.2
Cholelithiasis and other disorders
of gallbladder (K80-K82)
411 182 229 1.2 1.1 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.8
Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome
and nephrosis (N00-N07, N17-N19, N25-N27)
3,609 1,775 1,834 10.7 10.6 10.8 7.2 9.3 5.9
Acute and rapidly progressive
nephritic and nephrotic syndrome (N00-N01, N04)
15 8 7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chronic glomerulonephritis, nephritis
and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic, and renal sclerosis unspecified (N02-N03, N05-N07, N26)
151 77 74 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2
Renal failure (N17-N19) 3,438 1,689 1,749 10.2 10.1 10.3 6.9 8.8 5.7
Other disorders of kidney (N25,
N27)
5 1 4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Infections of kidney (N10-N12,
N13.6, N15.1)
106 32 74 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hyperplasia of prostate (N40) Note ...: not applicable 77 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.4 Note ...: not applicable
Inflammatory diseases of female
pelvic organs (N70-N76)
Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.0
Pregnancy, childbirth and
the puerperium (O00-O99)
Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 29 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.2
Pregnancy with abortive outcome
(O00-O07)
Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.0
Other complications of pregnancy,
childbirth and the puerperium (O10-O99)
Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 26 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.2
Certain conditions originating
in the perinatal period (P00-P96)
1,076 564 512 3.2 3.4 3.0 4.0 4.1 4.0
Congenital malformations, deformations
and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
896 473 423 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.9 3.0 2.7
Symptoms, signs and abnormal
clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R99)
2,230 1,042 1,188 6.6 6.2 7.0 5.1 5.8 4.4
All other diseases (residual)  Note 7 27,345 11,288 16,057 81.1 67.5 94.4 55.8 59.3 52.5
Accidents (unintentional injuries)
(V01-X59, Y85-Y86)
10,250 6,045 4,205 30.4 36.1 24.7 24.5 33.5 16.2
Transport accidents (V01-V99,
Y85)
2,689 1,956 733 8.0 11.7 4.3 7.6 11.3 4.0
Motor vehicle accidents  Note 8 2,406 1,717 689 7.1 10.3 4.1 6.8 10.0 3.8
Other land transport accidents  Note 9 63 51 12 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1
Water, air and space, and other
and unspecified transport accidents and their sequelae (V90-V99, Y85)
220 188 32 0.7 1.1 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.2
Nontransport accidents (W00-X59,
Y86)
7,561 4,089 3,472 22.4 24.4 20.4 16.9 22.2 12.2
Falls (W00-W19) 3,602 1,744 1,858 10.7 10.4 10.9 7.2 9.2 5.6
Accidental discharge of firearms
(W32-W34)
10 10 0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Accidental drowning and submersion
(W65-W74)
242 197 45 0.7 1.2 0.3 0.7 1.1 0.2
Accidental exposure to smoke,
fire and flames (X00-X09)
225 137 88 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4
Accidental poisoning and exposure
to noxious substances (X40-X49)
1,512 1,025 487 4.5 6.1 2.9 4.2 5.8 2.6
Other and unspecified nontransport
accidents and their sequelae (W20-W31, W35-W64, W75-W99, X10-X39, X50-X59, Y86)
1,970 976 994 5.8 5.8 5.8 4.2 5.2 3.3
Intentional self-harm (suicide)
(X60-X84, Y87.0)
3,890 2,989 901 11.5 17.9 5.3 10.7 16.6 5.0
Intentional self-harm (suicide)
by discharge of firearms (X72-X74)
531 513 18 1.6 3.1 0.1 1.4 2.8 0.1
Intentional self-harm (suicide)
by other and unspecified means and their sequelae (X60-X71, X75-X84, Y87.0)
3,359 2,476 883 10.0 14.8 5.2 9.3 13.9 4.9
Assault (homicide) (X85-Y09,
Y87.1)
574 430 144 1.7 2.6 0.8 1.8 2.7 0.9
Assault (homicide) by discharge
of firearms (X93-X95)
177 149 28 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.2
Assault (homicide) by other and
unspecified means and their sequelae (X85-X92, X96-Y09, Y87.1)
397 281 116 1.2 1.7 0.7 1.2 1.7 0.7
Legal intervention (Y35, Y89.0) 19 19 0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
Events of undetermined intent
(Y10-Y34, Y87.2, Y89.9)
686 426 260 2.0 2.5 1.5 1.9 2.4 1.4
Discharge of firearms, undetermined
intent (Y22-Y24)
12 10 2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Other and unspecified events
of undetermined intent and their sequelae (Y10-Y21, Y25-Y34, Y87.2, Y89.9)
674 416 258 2.0 2.5 1.5 1.8 2.3 1.4
Operations of war and their sequelae
(Y36, Y89.1)
1 1 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Complications of medical and
surgical care (Y40-Y84, Y88)
213 101 112 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4
The geographic distribution of deaths in this table is based on the deceased's usual place of residence.                  
Starting in 2005, the population estimates used to calculate the mortality rates are presented in the Appendix II of the publication "Mortality Summary List of Causes" (catalogue number                   
The cause of death tabulated is the underlying cause of death. This is defined as (a) the disease or injury which initiated the train of events leading directly to death, or (b) the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury. The underlying cause is selected from the conditions listed on the medical certificate of cause of death.                  
World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)                  
National Center for Health Statistics, United States. "B" list in "Instruction Manual; Part 9; ICD-10 Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics".                  
Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae A00, A05, A20 to A36, A42 to A44, A48 to A49, A54 to A79, A81 to A82, A85.0 to A85.1, A85.8, A86 to B04, B06 to B09, B25 to B49, B55 to B99.                  
All other diseases (residual) D65 to E07, E15 to E34, E65 to F99, G04 to G12, G23 to G25, G31 to H93, K00 to K22, K29 to K31, K50 to K66, K71 to K72, K75 to K76, K83 to M99, N13.0 to N13.5, N13.7 to N13.9, N14, N15.0, N15.8 to N15.9, N20 to N23, N28 to N39, N41 to N64, N80 to N98. As of 2003, also includes U04.                  
Motor vehicle accidents V02 to V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12 to V14, V19.0 to V19.2, V19.4 to V19.6, V20 to V79, V80.3 to V80.5, V81.0 to V81.1, V82.0 to V82.1, V83 to V86, V87.0 to V87.8, V88.0 to V88.8, V89.0, V89.2.                  
Other land transport accidents V01, V05 to V06, V09.1, V09.3 to V09.9, V10 to V11, V15 to V18, V19.3, V19.8 to V19.9, V80.0 to V80.2, V80.6 to V80.9, V81.2 to V81.9, V82.2 to V82.9, V87.9, V88.9, V89.1, V89.3, V89.9.                  
Note(s): See Data quality, concepts and methodology — Explanatory notes for the tables                  
                   
1.
The geographic distribution of deaths in this table is based on the deceased's usual place of residence.
2.
Starting in 2005, the population estimates used to calculate the mortality rates are presented in the Appendix II of the publication "Mortality Summary List of Causes" (catalogue number  84F0209XIE).
3.
The cause of death tabulated is the underlying cause of death. This is defined as (a) the disease or injury which initiated the train of events leading directly to death, or (b) the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury. The underlying cause is selected from the conditions listed on the medical certificate of cause of death.
4.
World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10)
5.
National Center for Health Statistics, United States. "B" list in "Instruction Manual; Part 9; ICD-10 Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics".
6.
Other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases and their sequelae A00, A05, A20 to A36, A42 to A44, A48 to A49, A54 to A79, A81 to A82, A85.0 to A85.1, A85.8, A86 to B04, B06 to B09, B25 to B49, B55 to B99.
7.
All other diseases (residual) D65 to E07, E15 to E34, E65 to F99, G04 to G12, G23 to G25, G31 to H93, K00 to K22, K29 to K31, K50 to K66, K71 to K72, K75 to K76, K83 to M99, N13.0 to N13.5, N13.7 to N13.9, N14, N15.0, N15.8 to N15.9, N20 to N23, N28 to N39, N41 to N64, N80 to N98. As of 2003, also includes U04.
8.
Motor vehicle accidents V02 to V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12 to V14, V19.0 to V19.2, V19.4 to V19.6, V20 to V79, V80.3 to V80.5, V81.0 to V81.1, V82.0 to V82.1, V83 to V86, V87.0 to V87.8, V88.0 to V88.8, V89.0, V89.2.
9.
Other land transport accidents V01, V05 to V06, V09.1, V09.3 to V09.9, V10 to V11, V15 to V18, V19.3, V19.8 to V19.9, V80.0 to V80.2, V80.6 to V80.9, V81.2 to V81.9, V82.2 to V82.9, V87.9, V88.9, V89.1, V89.3, V89.9.
Source(s):
Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases (CANSIM table 102-0552) and Appendix II.
Date modified: