Health Reports

A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

April 2022

Changes in chronic disease risk factors and current exercise habits among Canadian adults living with and without a child during the COVID-19 pandemic

by Alessandra T. Andreacchi, Yulika Yoshida-Montezuma, Rachel C. Colley, Brendan T. Smith, Leigh M. Vanderloo and Laura N. Anderson

Beginning in March 2020, a phased approach to public health preventive measures was implemented to minimize the spread of COVID-19 in Canada. The daily lives of individuals living in Canada changed significantly, with restrictions on travel and public gatherings, closures of schools, outdoor recreation spaces and nonessential businesses (including fitness centres), as well as increased teleworking. These restrictions were necessary to control the spread of COVID-19 and mitigate the consequences of the pandemic, but they may have adversely impacted the health behaviours of Canadians. In particular, many parents and caregivers were required to fulfill multiple responsibilities, including working at home while providing child care or supporting virtual learning, which may have impeded their ability to maintain healthy lifestyle behaviours and routines. Adults living with children are a high-risk group, as family-level stress has been shown to impact health behaviours and outcomes of parents. It is important to understand whether the COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately impacted the lifestyle behaviours and routines of adults living with children.

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Changes in chronic disease risk factors and current exercise habits among Canadian adults living with and without a child during the COVID-19 pandemic

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