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A Canadian peer-reviewed journal of population health and health services research

October 2013

Urinary incontinence and loneliness in Canadian seniors

by Pamela L. Ramage-Morin and Heather Gilmour

Urinary incontinence (UI), defined as involuntary leakage of urine, is associated with reduced quality of life for seniors. Although not life-threatening, UI can have a negative impact on physical, social, and emotional well-being, and add to personal care expenses. People with UI are susceptible to rashes, pressure sores, and urinary tract infections. They may be less likely to engage in activities outside the home such as shopping or attending religious services. Intimate relations and psychological well-being may also be compromised. UI can be associated with a loss of independence, hospitalization, and admission to long-term care health facilities, all of which reflect the caregiver burden associated with the condition. The need for home care services, medication and other products may add to personal care expenses.

Development of a population-based microsimulation model of physical activity in Canada

by Claude Nadeau, Suzy L. Wong, William M. Flanagan, Jillian Oderkirk, Doug Manuel, Ronald Wall and Mark S. Tremblay

While the importance of regular physical activity to good health is widely recognized, the percentage of Canadian adults who meet physical activity guidelines is estimated at just 15%. A greater understanding of the complex dynamics underlying the association between population levels of physical activity and health outcomes is useful in the formulation of  policies and programs to increase physical activity.

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