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    Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics

    Summary Public School Indicators for Canada, the Provinces and Territories, 2002/2003 to 2008/2009

    Appendix 2: Definitions

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    Enrolments
    Minority and Second Language Programs
    Graduates
    Graduation rate
    Educators

    Enrolments

    Number of students enrolled in public schools operated by school boards or the province in September (or as close as possible thereafter) of the school year. It includes all students in publicly funded schools (graded and ungraded), provincial reformatory or custodial schools, and other students recognized and funded by a province or territory. It excludes correspondence or distance education enrolments, private school students, independent school students or students in schools financed by federal departments (e.g. the Department of National Defense and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs).

    Includes other non-standard enrolment including students receiving educational services (if recognized by the province) and for schools and/or school districts that receive funding in a unique manner. They may be non-graduates who are taking only a few courses required to complete graduation. For example, a student who is enrolled in only 25% of a 'regular' course load and for whom the school or school district receives only 25% of the usual funding. This category may not apply to some provinces or territories.

    Headcount enrolment

    Defined as the number of students enrolled in September (or as close as possible thereafter) of the school year.

    Full Time Equivalent ( FTE ) enrolment

    Defined as the number of full-time students enrolled in September (or as close as possible thereafter) of the school year, plus the sum of part-time students according to the time fraction spent in the classroom and for which students are funded. For example, junior kindergarten and kindergarten students taking a half-time program and where a half-time program is being funded, the FTE enrolment would be the headcount enrolment divided by two, which is 0.5. If a student is only taking a quarter of the usual course load and is funded on that basis, the FTE enrolment would be the headcount enrolment divided by four, which is 0.25.

    Minority and Second Language Programs

    Regular Second Language Programs

    Enrolments in programs where French is taught to Anglophone students or English is taught to Francophone students as a "subject" in the regular course offerings.  One or more additional subjects can also be taught in the student's second official language but second language instruction must total less than 25% of all instruction time.

    Second Language Immersion Programs

    Enrolments in programs where French is the language of instruction for Anglophone students or English is the language of instruction for Francophone students.  Instruction time in the student's second official language is more than 25% of all instruction time.

    Minority Language Programs

    Enrolments in programs for students from the official language linguistic minority in the relevant province or territory (French outside Québec, English in Québec). These programs allow children in the linguistic minority to pursue their education in their first official language.

    Graduates

    Graduates of general training programs offered to similarly aged young students.  Includes first time graduates only.

    Includes graduates in General Education Development (GED), Adult Basic Education (ABE) and other equivalency programs. Excludes any graduates of upgrading programs offered at the postsecondary level.

    Includes graduates in all professional and technical training programs. Excludes any graduates of vocational programs offered at the postsecondary level.

    Graduation rate

    The number of graduates is as of the end of a school year while the population estimates are as of July 1 of the corresponding school year. Late graduates are included in the calculations while graduates from private schools, are not. For this reason, this methodology underestimates the "final" graduation rate and should not be used to infer dropout rate.

    The graduation rate is calculated by dividing the number of graduates with the average of the 17 and 18 year-old population:

    Graduation Rate = Total number of secondary graduates / [(17 year old population + 18 year-old population)/2]

    Educators

    Includes all employees in the public school system (either school-based or school district-based) who belong to one of the three following categories: teachers, school administrators and pedagogical support.

    It includes all educators in regular public schools, provincial reformatory or custodial schools, and other students recognized and funded by a province or territory. It excludes correspondence or distance programs, private schools or independent schools financed by federal departments (e.g. the Department of National Defense and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs).

    Please note that all teachers in regular programs for youth, adult upgrading programs and vocational programs for youth and adults are also included. Any programs offered at the postsecondary level are excluded.

    Teachers

    This category includes personnel involved in direct student instruction in a group or one-on-one basis. Chairpersons of departments who spend the majority of their time teaching are also reported in this category. Personnel temporarily not at work (e.g. for reasons of illness or injury, maternity or parental leave, holiday or vacation) are also included.

    Includes:

    • Classroom teachers
    • Special education teachers
    • Specialists (music, physical education)
    • Other teachers who work with students as a whole class in a classroom, in small groups in a resource room, or one-on-one inside or outside a regular classroom

    Excludes:

    • Teacher aides, student teachers
    • Other personnel who do not get paid for their employment.

    School Administrators

    This category includes all personnel who support the administration and management of the school (e.g. principals, vice-principals and other management staff with similar responsibilities), only if they do not spend the majority of their time teaching.

    Excludes:

    • Higher level management
    • Receptionists, secretaries, clerks and other staff who support the administrative activities of the school

    Pedagogical support

    This category covers professional non-teaching which provides services to students to support their instruction program. It includes guidance counselors, librarians and educational media specialists.

    Excludes:

    • Health and social support

    Headcount educator

    Defined as the number of educators on September the 30th (or as close as possible thereafter) of the school year who are responsible for providing services to the headcount enrolment students.

    Full Time Equivalent ( FTE ) educator

    Defined as the number of full-time educators on September the 30th (or as close as possible thereafter) of the school year, plus the sum of part-time educators according to their percentage of a full-time employment allocation (determined by the province or territory).  For example, if a normal full-time work allocation is ten months per year, an educator who works for six months of the year would be counted as 0.6 of a Full Time Equivalent (FTE) or an employee who works part time for ten months at 60% of full time would be 0.6 of an FTE.

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