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Badets, Jane and Linda Howatson-Leo. 1999. “Recent immigrants in the workforce.” Canadian Social Trends. Spring. No. 52. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X.

Bobbitt-Zeher, Donna. 2007. “The gender income gap and the role of education.” Sociology of Education. Vol. 80, no. 1. p. 1-22.

Christie, Pamela and Michael Shannon. 2001. “Educational attainment and the gender wage gap: Evidence from the 1986 and 1991 Canadian censuses.” Economics of Education Review. Vol. 20, no. 2. April. p. 165-180.

Cooke-Reynolds, Melissa and Nancy Zukewich. 2004. “The feminization of work.” Canadian Social Trends. Spring. No. 72. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11-008-X.

Davies, Scott and Neil Guppy. 1997. “Fields of study, college selectivity, and student inequalities in higher education.” Social Forces. Vol. 75, no. 4. June. p. 1417-1438.

Drolet, Marie. 2011. “Why has the gender wage gap narrowed?Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol.  23, no. 1. Spring. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75–001–X.

Frenette, Marc and Simon Coulombe. 2007. Has Higher Education Among Young Women Substantially Reduced the Gender Gap in Employment and Earnings? Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11F0019M – No. 301. Ottawa.

Gerber, Theodore P. and Sin Yi Cheung. 2008. “Horizontal stratification in postsecondary education: Forms, explanations, and implications.” Annual Review of Sociology. Vol. 34. p. 299-318.

Hango, Darcy. 2013. “Gender differences in science, technology, engineering, mathematics and computer science (STEM) programs at university.” Insights on Canadian Society. December. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-006-X.

Landivar, Liana Christin. 2013. Disparities in STEM Employment by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin. American Community Survey Reports. ACS-24. Washington. U.S. Census Bureau.

Lobo, Rita. 2014. “Silicon Valley’s sexist brogrammer culture is locking women out of tech.” The New Economy. June 5.

McMullen, Kathryn, Jason Gilmore and Christel Le Petit. 2010. “Women in non-traditional occupations and fields of study.” Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada. Vol. 7, no. 1. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-004-X.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2011. Report on the Gender Initiative: Gender Equality in Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship. Meeting of the OECD Council at Ministerial Level in Paris, May 25-26, 2011. Paris. OECD Publishing.

Sax, Linda J. 2012. “Examining the Underrepresentation of Women in STEM Fields: Early Findings from the Field of Computer Science.” CSW Update Newsletter. April. Los Angeles. UCLA Center for the Study of Women.

Statistics Canada. 2013. Education in Canada: Attainment, Field of Study and Location of Study. National Household Survey Analytical Document. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011001. Ottawa.

Uppal, Sharanjit and Sébastien LaRochelle-Côté. 2014. “Changes in the occupational profile of young men and women in Canada.” Insights on Canadian Society. April. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-006-X.

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