Insights on Canadian Society
Overqualification among men and women aged 25 to 34 with a college diploma or apprenticeship training
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Since occupations requiring a college education are closer in proximity to occupations requiring a high school education, college-educated graduates typically have higher rates of over-qualification than university graduates.
For instance, in 2011, 31% of employed men aged 25 to 34 with a college diploma or a diploma in trades were in occupations requiring a high school education (compared with 18% among university-educated men the same age). College-educated women were more likely to be overqualified than their male counterparts (45%), while university-educated women were no less likely to be overqualified than men (18%).
Between 1991 and 2011, however, the overqualification rates among college and trades graduates declined significantly (Table A.1). Among college-educated men, the overqualification rate declined by 10 percentage points and among college-educated women, the rate declined by 4 percentage points. College-educated immigrants also saw their rate decline, but to a lesser degree (5 percentage points for men and 2 percentage points for women).
|1991||2006||2011||Change (1991 to 2011)|
|Occupations usually requiring high school education or less|
|Sources: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 1991 and 2001; National Household Survey, 2011.|
In comparison, the proportion of university-educated people who were in occupations requiring a high school education remained relatively stable over the period.
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