Sources of family income by family type, sub-provincial regions, T1 Family File: Interactive tool


The data used to create this interactive web application is from the following listed data tables:

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Additional information

For more information on how to use this tool, consult the guide “How to use” available on this page (top right).

Please note that the tool will automatically revert to the highest category in a dimension when multiple categories are selected simultaneously within that dimension. Selecting multiple provinces or territories will revert automatically to the statistics for Canada. Selecting multiple CMA/CAs does not show data for the combined regions. If selected in the same province, it will show the statistics for the provinces otherwise it will show them for Canada.


  • As of 2020, COVID benefits are included in income estimates. For more information, consult the Technical Reference Guide for the Annual Income Estimates for Census Families, Individuals and Seniors - opens in a new browser window.
  • The acronyms CMA and CA in the title of the filter to select subprovincial region and in the title of the map (right of the tool) correspond to Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and Census Agglomeration (CA). Those regions are formed by one or more adjacent municipalities linked by a common population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core. For a more detailed definition, please consult the Standard Geographical Classification.
  • The family corresponds to census families and persons not in census families, which is a smaller unit of analysis than a household. Families are comprised of: 1) couples (married or common-law, including same-sex couples) living in the same dwelling with or without children, and 2) single parents (male or female) living with one or more children. Persons who are not matched to a family become persons not in census families. They may be living alone, with a family to whom they are related, with a family to whom they are unrelated or with other persons not in census families.
  • Family income is the sum of the incomes of all members of the family.
  • Total income is income from all sources. Monies not included in total income are veterans' disability and dependant pensioners' payments, war veterans' allowances, lottery winnings and capital gains.
  • After-tax income is total income minus provincial and federal income taxes, plus the Quebec abatement and the federal refundable First Nation Abatement for Yukon.
  • Median is the middle number in a group of numbers. Where a median income, for example, is given as $26,000, it means that exactly half of the incomes reported are greater than or equal to $26,000, and that the other half is less than or equal to the median amount.
  • The constant dollars are based on the most recent year of income data available. It is calculated using the annual Consumer Price Index for all items.
  • Information on the data source, the historical availability, definitions of the terms used, and the geography levels available can be found at Technical Reference Guide for the Annual Income Estimates for Census Families, Individuals and Seniors. For questions and comments, please contact the Income Statistics Division of Statistics Canada (
  • This tool shows only a portion of the information available in the data tables listed above the tool. More data from these tables and several other tables presenting data from the T1 Family File are available.
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